Patriarch Elias of Antioch
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Patriarch Elias of Antioch
Elias I
Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East
ChurchSyriac Orthodox Church
SeeAntioch
Installed709
Term ended723
PredecessorJulian III
SuccessorAthanasius III
Personal details
Born641
Died3 October 723

Elias I of Antioch (Syriac: Mor Elijah) was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 709 until his death in 723.[1]

Biography

Elias was born in 641 into a Greek Orthodox family, but later converted to miaphysitism, the doctrine of the Syriac Orthodox Church, after reading the works of Severus of Antioch. He became a monk at the Monastery of Gubba Barraya, near Edessa, and was ordained as Bishop of Apamea in 691.[2] Elias was consecrated as patriarch in 709 following the death of Julian III, and presented himself to Caliph Al-Walid I in the same year.[3] The patriarch financed and consecrated a new church in the city of Antioch in 721,[4] and another church in Sarmada in 722. Elias led the Syriac Orthodox Church as patriarch prior to his death in 723.[2]

References

  1. ^ Arnold (2006), p. 67
  2. ^ a b Barsoum (2003)
  3. ^ Ginkel et al. (2005), p.15
  4. ^ Johnson (2016), p.144

Bibliography

  • Arnold, Thomas Walker (2006). The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith. Kessinger Publishing.
  • Barsoum, Ignatius Aphrem I (2003). Matti Moosa, ed. The Scattered Pearls: The History of Syriac Literature and Sciences
  • Ginkel, Jan J.; Murre-van den Berg, Hendrika Lena; van Lint, Theo Maarten (2005). Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East Since the Rise of Islam. Peeters Publishers.
  • Johnson, Dale Albert (2016). Return to Antioch.

External links



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