Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
|o Governor||Surachai Khan-asa (since October 2015-present)|
|o Total||1,526 km2 (589 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 70th|
|o Rank||Ranked 18th|
|o Density||751,0/km2 (19,500/sq mi)|
|o Density rank||Ranked 5th|
|Human Achievement Index|
|o HAI (2017)||0.6384 "high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-13|
Pathum Thani (Thai: , pronounced [p?.tm t:n?:]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise): Ayutthaya, Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Chachoengsao, Bangkok, and Nonthaburi.
The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit, seat of Thanyaburi District, is the largest populated place in the province.
The city dates back to a settlement founded by Mon migrating from Mottama (Thai: ) in Myanmar around 1650. The original name was Sam Khok.:230,369 In 1815 King Rama II visited the city and the citizens offered him many lotus flowers, which prompted the king to rename the city Pathum Thani, meaning 'lotus flower town'.
The provincial seal shows a pink lotus flower with two rice stalks bending over it, representing the fertility of the province. The provincial tree is the Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata). The provincial flower is the lotus (Nymphaea lotus).
As of 31 December 2018 there are: one Pathum Thani Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-seven municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Rangsit has city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further nine have town (thesaban mueang) status and seventeen subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).
|#||Town municipalities||5||Bueng Yitho|
|1||Bang Khu Wat||6||Sanan Rak|
|2||Pathum Thani||7||Lam Sam Kaeo|
|3||Tha Khlong||8||Lat Sawai|
|4||Khlong Luang||9||Khu Khot|
|1||Bang Phun||10||Nong Suea|
|3||Bang Khayaeng||12||Khlong Phra Udom|
|4||Bang Duea||13||Khu Khwang|
|5||Ban Mai||14||Lam Luk Ka|
|6||Bang Kadi||15||Lam Sai|
|7||Ban Klang||16||Sam Khok|
|8||Bang Luang||17||Bang Toei|
The non-municipal areas are administered by thirty-nine Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
Pathum Thani has a very high concentration of higher education institutions, especially ones in the field of science and technology. This, together with a large number of industrial parks and research facilities (including those in Thailand Science Park), make the region the educational and technology hub of the area.
|HAI indices||Map||Index||Rank list|
|Housing and environment||6||0.6991||68th|
|Family and community life||7||0.7168||8th|
|Transport and communication||8||0.8926||3rd|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
Province Pathum Thani, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6384, takes the 10th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
Pathum Thani town population 18,843; Rangsit town population 76,843