Pathum Thani Province
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Pathum Thani Province
Pathum Thani

D85 3734 ? The National Memorial of Thailand Photographed by Trisorn Triboon (30).jpg
Pathumthani the National Archives in Commemoration of H.M. the King's Golden Jubilee 1.jpg
Thammasat University pond.jpg
Tornado -dw 2w.jpg
 National Science Museum - panoramio.jpg
Dhammakaya cetiya night.jpg
Flag of Pathum Thani
Flag
Official seal of Pathum Thani
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
CountryThailand
CapitalPathum Thani
Government
 o GovernorSurachai Khan-asa (since October 2015-present)
Area
 o Total1,526 km2 (589 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 70th
Population
(2018)[2]
 o Total1,146,092
 o RankRanked 18th
 o Density751,0/km2 (19,500/sq mi)
 o Density rankRanked 5th
Human Achievement Index
 o HAI (2017)0.6384 "high"
Ranked 10th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
10xxx
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-13

Pathum Thani (Thai: , pronounced [p?.tm t:n?:]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise): Ayutthaya, Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Chachoengsao, Bangkok, and Nonthaburi.

The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit, seat of Thanyaburi District, is the largest populated place in the province.[4]

Pathum Thani is an old province, heavily populated by the Mon people, dotted with 186 temples and parks. The Dream World amusement park is here.[]

Geography

The province lies on the low alluvial flats of the Chao Phraya River that flows through the capital. Many canals (khlongs) cross the province and feed the rice paddies.

History

The city dates back to a settlement founded by Mon migrating from Mottama (Thai: ) in Myanmar around 1650. The original name was Sam Khok.[5]:230,369 In 1815 King Rama II visited the city and the citizens offered him many lotus flowers, which prompted the king to rename the city Pathum Thani, meaning 'lotus flower town'.[6]

Symbols

The provincial seal shows a pink lotus flower with two rice stalks bending over it, representing the fertility of the province. The provincial tree is the Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata). The provincial flower is the lotus (Nymphaea lotus).[]

Administrative divisions

Provincial government

Map of seven districts in Pathum Thani province

The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 60 communes (tambons) and 529 villages (mubans).

Local government

  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

As of 31 December 2018 there are: one Pathum Thani Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-seven municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Rangsit has city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further nine have town (thesaban mueang) status and seventeen subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[2]

# City municipality 1 Rangsit[7]
# Town municipalities 5 Bueng Yitho
1 Bang Khu Wat 6 Sanan Rak
2 Pathum Thani 7 Lam Sam Kaeo
3 Tha Khlong 8 Lat Sawai
4 Khlong Luang 9 Khu Khot[8]
# Subdistrict municipalities 9 Thanyaburi
1 Bang Phun 10 Nong Suea
2 Lak Hok 11 Rahaeng
3 Bang Khayaeng 12 Khlong Phra Udom
4 Bang Duea 13 Khu Khwang
5 Ban Mai 14 Lam Luk Ka
6 Bang Kadi 15 Lam Sai
7 Ban Klang 16 Sam Khok
8 Bang Luang 17 Bang Toei

The non-municipal areas are administered by thirty-nine Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Education and technology

Pathum Thani has a very high concentration of higher education institutions, especially ones in the field of science and technology. This, together with a large number of industrial parks and research facilities (including those in Thailand Science Park), make the region the educational and technology hub of the area.[]

Academic institutes
National Science Museum, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok University, Eastern Asia University, North Bangkok University (Rangsit), Pathumthani University, Rajamangala University of Technology, Rangsit University, Shinawatra University, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University (Rangsit Center, and Valaya Alongkorn - Rajahbaht University).
Research bodies
Thailand Science Park, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Thai Microelectronics Center (TMEC), Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR), TOT Innovation Institute (TOT)
Industrial parks
Software Park Thailand (in Nonthaburi, southwest of Pathum Thani), Nava Nakorn Industrial Promotion Zone (1376 acres / 5.6 km²), Bangkadi Industrial Park (470 acres / 1.9 km²), Techno Thani (a "Technology City" administered by the Ministry of Science and Technology), and a number of industrial parks in neighboring Ayutthaya and Nonthaburi Provinces

Human achievement index 2017

Index for the province Pathum thani[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.7694 4th
Education 3 0.6179 11th
Employment 4 0.6177 38th
Income 5 0.6431 13th
Housing and environment 6 0.6991 68th
Family and community life 7 0.7168 8th
Transport and communication 8 0.8926 3rd
Participation 9 0.1507 76th
HAI 2017 1 0.6384 10th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Pathum Thani, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6384, takes the 10th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134-135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b "? ?.?.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ? 2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 54-55. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ "Population Statistics 2008". Department of Provincial Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-03-25. Retrieved . Pathum Thani town population 18,843; Rangsit town population 76,843
  5. ^ Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584
  6. ^ "Pathum Thani". Amazing Thailand. Tourism Authority of Thailand. Retrieved .
  7. ^ " " [Announcement from the Ministry of Interior Re: Change of Rangsit Municipality, Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Province Is Thesaban Nakon Rangsit] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 128 (Special 61 Ngor): 42. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "? ?.?.?" [Royal Decree Establish of Thesaban Mueang Khu Khot B.E.2539] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 113 (5 Kor): 4-7. 6 March 1996. Retrieved 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 14°1?15?N 100°31?29?E / 14.02083°N 100.52472°E / 14.02083; 100.52472


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Pathum_Thani_Province
 



 



 
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