A map of Gaul
in the 1st century BCE, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the 3rd century BCE until the Roman era.
The Parisii colonized their chief city (or oppidum) about 250 BCE, as first mentioned in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico.
In 52 BCE, in concert with the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar. Before the Roman period, the Parisii had their own gold coinage.
The Parisii oppidum later became the site of Lutetia, an important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis, and ultimately the modern city of Paris, whose name is derived from the name of the tribe. An ancient trade route between Germania and Hispania existed at the area, by way of the meeting of the Oise and Marne rivers with the Seine.
According to the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, when the Romans entered this territory, the Parisii started burning down their own towns for they were willing to give up these possessions rather than have them taken by the Romans.
The name Parisii is conserved in the name of the French capital city Paris.
- Media related to Parisii at Wikimedia Commons