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University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne (French: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), also known as Paris 1 or Pantheon-Sorbonne University, is a multidisciplinary public research university in Paris, France.
It was established in 1971 by Professors François Luchaire (Law), Henri Bartoli (Economy) and Hélène Ahrweiler (Humanities) from two faculties of the historical University of Paris -- colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne -- after the French May of 1968, which resulted in the division of one of the world's oldest academic institution. The double origin of the founders - Luchaire and Bartoli from the Faculty of Law and Economics and Ahrweiler from the Faculty of Letters - is now found in the name of the university: Panthéon for law and Economics, Sorbonne for humanities.
Pantheon-Sorbonne is multidisciplinary, and has three main domains: Economic and Management Sciences, Human Sciences, and Legal and Political Sciences; comprising several subjects such as: Economics, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Humanities, Cinema, Plastic arts, Art history, Political science, Mathematics, Management, and Social sciences.
Pantheon-Sorbonne's headquarters is located on the Place du Panthéon in the Latin Quarter, an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris. The university also occupies part of the historical Sorbonne campus. Overall, its campus includes over 25 buildings in Paris, such as the Centre Pierre Mendès France ("Tolbiac"), the Maison des Sciences Économiques, among others.
In 2020, Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked 305th (11th of France) by QS World University Rankings and 601-800th (32nd of France) by The Times Higher Education. It was also ranked by the 2019 QS Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law, and Economics. In the French Eduniversal rankings, it is ranked 2nd of France in Economics and 2nd in Law.
Helene Ahrweiler, one of the cofounders of Paris 1
The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on May 2, 1968. Students of the University of Paris protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on May 3, 1968. After the student protests of May and June 1968, thirteen universities succeeded to the University of Paris (nicknamed "the Sorbonne"), which ceased to exist.
Pantheon-Sorbonne University was established in 1971 by Professors François Luchaire (Law), Henri Bartoli (Economy) and Hélène Ahrweiler (Humanities) from two faculties of the historical University of Paris -- colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne -- after the French May of 1968, which resulted in the division of one of the world's oldest academic institution. The double origin of the founders - Luchaire and Bartoli from the Faculty of Law and Economics and Ahrweiler from the Faculty of Letters - is now found in the name of the university: Panthéon for law and Economics, Sorbonne for humanities.
While Paris-Sorbonne University and Sorbonne Nouvelle succeeded the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris,Panthéon-Assas University the faculty of law and economics, and Pierre and Marie Curie University and Paris Descartes University the faculty of sciences, Panthéon-Sorbonne University was founded on a wish for interdisciplinarity by bringing together disciplines. Indeed, most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris wished only to restructure their faculty into a university. However, most of the faculty's economists and political scientists and some public law professors sought to create a university which would extend beyond the disciplinary compartmentalisation; they hurried ahead of their colleagues and established Paris I—which would later be called "Panthéon-Sorbonne"—with professors of both the faculty of human sciences and the faculty of law and economics. The name of the university show this interdisciplinarity: the Sorbonne building is the traditional seat of the Humanities studies in Paris (hence it is also used by Paris III and University Paris-Sorbonne), and the Panthéon building is, with the Assas building, the traditional seat of the law studies (hence it is also used by Panthéon-Assas University).
Albert Châtelet Center : commonly called Calvin, it is a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
Rue d'Ulm Center : like Calvin, a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
Place du Panthéon Building (not to be confused with the actual Panthéon : Pantheon-Sorbonne occupies part of the historical seat of the Law Faculty of the University of Paris. It is shared with Panthéon-Assas.
Institute of Geography : located in the Rue Saint-Jacques, it houses one of the oldest and richest collections of maps in France.
Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST) : located in the Rue du Four.
Mahler Center : located in the 4th arrondissement, it houses an historical and legal studies institute.
Saint-Charles Center : located in the 15th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it houses the Art School and the School of Cinema.
Pierre Mendès-France Center : commonly called Tolbiac, it is located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it is the main center of the University. Freshmen and Sophomores in Humanities are educated at Tolbiac.
Tolbiac Center : a secondary building of the Mendès-France Center (which confusingly is also called Tolbiac).
René Cassin Center : located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1990, it houses the main part of Law School.
Economical Studies Building : located in the 13th arrondissement. It houses the Economics Graduate School.
Broca Center : Located in the 5th arrondissement. It houses the Business School.
International Building : located in the Boulevard Arago, commonly called Arago. It houses the International Relations Institute.
Michelet Center : an exotic Mesopotamian-style building in the 5th arrondissement, it houses the Art History and Archeology School.
Sceaux Center : in the suburban town of Sceaux, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.
Bourg-la-Reine Center : located in Bourg-la-Reine, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.
Nogent Center : located in Nogent-sur-Marne, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.
The main buildings are the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Centre René Cassin, the Centre Saint-Charles, the Centre Arago which houses the new International Relations Building; the research centers have been relocated, in particular in the Rue Malher and the Boulevard de l'Hôpital, where the Economics Building is currently located.
Organisation and administration
The Pantheon-Sorbonne University is organized in several departments (unités de formation et de recherche) and institutes.
Art History and Archaeology
Sorbonne School of Management
Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
The Sorbonne Art School (École des arts de la Sorbonne) specializes in plastic arts. The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The specialities are cinema, plastic arts, design, management of cultural projects or institutions, and aesthetics.
Panthéon-Sorbonne united in 2009 all legal studies in the university and gave that new department the name of École de droit de la Sorbonne ("Sorbonne Law School"). The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The Sorbonne Law School holds since 1993 with Cornell University, the "Cornell Law School-Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne Summer Institute of Comparative and International Law".
It has published over 700 books since 1971 and publishes approximately 50 new titles a year.
Teaching and learning
Research programs exist in economics, management and applied mathematics; in law and politics; in philosophy and the arts; in history, art history and archaeology; in geography, demography and sociology, to name but some. The eleven hundred members of faculty, 200 researchers who are attached to major research institutions, mainly the CNRS (National Center for Scientific
Research), and 150 technical and administrative staff are grouped in 68 research groups recognised by the CNRS and the Ministry of Education and Research.
Every year around 400 PhD theses are defended and 1,700 pre-PhD post-graduate degrees are awarded in 74 subjects divided between 15 graduate schools.
Documentary resource centers
In Economics, the library at the Centre Pierre Mendès France offers students free access to its large collection.
In Law, the Cujas Library, co-administered with Panthéon-Assas, with its computerized documentation service, provides access to over 500 data banks and is the largest law and economics library in France.
Panthéon-Sorbonne has signed over 150 conventions with foreign universities across five continents. These exchanges revolve around international networks such as Europaeum which bring together Oxford, London, Bologna, Bonn, Geneva, Helsinki, Leiden and Prague. The University of Paris I also heads a number of consortia which bring together French universities and professional organisations. The consortia are responsible for major international projects in Bucharest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Istanbul (Galatasaray), and Moscow.
Every year some 130 academics from foreign universities come to teach and do research at the University of Paris I. Many researchers and members of faculty take part in major international research programs abroad; the University also hosts many annual international conferences. Six thousand international students, mainly from Europe, come to study as part of the SOCRATES or TEMPUS programmes. African students are joined by increasing numbers from Asia and America, and take part in specific programs organised in conjunction with universities across the world.
Dual and double degree programs
At Panthéon-Sorbonne, students can apply for admission to one of the dual degree or double degree programs designed in conjunction with partner universities in France and abroad. Double degree programs confer two degrees to students, whereas dual degrees confer a degree from the host university only.
In Economics, its undergraduate program is ranked second of the French universities by Eduniversal. Its masters programs are ranked 4th of the French Universities or academic institution by Eduniversal.
Panthéon-Sorbonne undergraduate law program is ranked four by Eduniversal. It was ranked in interdisciplinary fields also, as follows:
Law and Economics: 1st
Law and English: 2nd
Panthéon-Sorbonne masters law programs are globally ranked second by Eduniversal, behind Panthéon-Assas University ones. On the 55 master's degree ranked in 6 specialties, 4 are from Panthéon-Sorbonne University from 3 specialties, i.e. second ex aequo with Paris Dauphine University and Aix-Marseille University but with higher rankings than these two universities. They were ranked as follow
The Tolbiac center of Paris 1, which hosts the undergraduate lectures in law, is regularly subject to blockades, which cause cancellation of all lectures up to several months, including in 1995, 1997, 2006, 2007-09, 2010 and 2018.
This list includes notable people affiliated with the Pantheon-Sorbonne University. For people affiliated with the University of Paris which ceased to exist in 1970, see List of University of Paris people.
Michèle Alliot-Marie: State doctorate in political science, former director of the Faculty of Political Science, former Minister (Defense, Interior, Justice and Foreign Affairs) and former UMP MP in the National Assembly.
Rosi Braidotti, contemporary philosopher and feminist theoretician, distinguished Professor in the Humanities at University of Utrecht
Jorge Castañeda: Professor at New York University and former Foreign Minister of Mexico.
Luc Chatel: Master of Science in Management, Master of Marketing, Secretary of State for Consumer Affairs and Tourism to the Minister of Economy, Finance and Employment and spokesman for the UMP, former Minister of National Education
Alpha Condé: politician and current President of the Republic of Guinea.
Giorgos Kaminis: Mayor of the capital of Greece (Athens) and Greek Ombudsman from April 2003 until September 2010.
Olga Kisseleva: PhD in Arts and Art Sciences, international artist, Professor at the Sorbonne Art School.
Fabrizio Marrella: PhD in International Law, Full Professor of International Law (Venice and Rome, Italy). Arbitrator and Counsel. Honorary Dean HRV of the European Inter-University Center for Human Rights.
Conac, Gérard (2005). "La fondation de l'université Paris I : François Luchaire, pilote d'une transition institutionnelle". In Bougrab, Jeannette; Maus, Didier (eds.). François Luchaire, un républicain au service de la République (in French). Publications de la Sorbonne. ISBN978-2859445157.