A funeral procession in front of the Pangalti Armenian Cemetery, 1913
|Established||c. 1560 - 1930|
|Type||Private Armenian Cemetery|
|Owned by||Surp Agop Armenian Hospital|
The Pangalt? Armenian Cemetery was located in the Pangalt? quarter of Istanbul near Taksim Square and originally belonged to the Surp Agop Armenian Hospital. In the 1930s it was demolished and was replaced with the Taksim Gezi Park, Divan Hotel, Hilton Hotel, Hyatt Regency Hotel, and the TRT Radio Buildings.
The Pangalt? cemetery was founded in 1560 after an epidemic caused the Armenian community of Constantinople to petition Sultan Suleyman. It was enlarged in 1780 and enclosed by a wall in 1853. The Pera district was very close to the cemetery, so an outbreak of cholera in 1865 led the government to ban burials and allocate them to the ?i?li Armenian Cemetery instead.
The Pangalt? cemetery was demolished in the 1930s and in 1939 its marble tombstones were sold and used to build the Gezi Park's fountains and stairs. Other parts of the cemetery were used to construct Eminönü square which was, along with Gezi Park, designed by city planner Henri Prost.
In 2013, during excavation work for the reconstruction of Taksim square, 16 tombstones from the Armenian cemetery were discovered.
In 1932 Mesrob Naroyan, the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople, filed a lawsuit for the return of the property, but the Istanbul Municipality argued that he had been a legal non-entity in Turkey since 1916 (the position of Armenian Patriarchate had been officially suspended in 1916 as part of the Armenian Genocide)  and therefore had no title to the land, even though he still functioned at the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople in Kumkap?, Istanbul.
The Patriarchate acknowledged the lack of title, but argued legitimacy to represent the cemetery on behalf of both the Armenian Catholic Community and the Surp Agop Armenian Hospital.
Mezar taslarinin çogu, sehir planlamacisi Henri Prost'un tasarladigi yeni Eminönü Meydani'nin onariminda ve Gezi Parki'nin merdivenlerinin yapiminda kullanilir.
Le terrain donné par le sultan se trouve aujourd'hui au nord de la place Taksim, occupé par une partie du parc Gezi, quelques hôtels de luxe, des immeubles et un bâtiment de la Radio télévision turque (TRT). De ce vaste terrain, seul l'hôpital Sourp Hagop subsiste. Le reste, qui appartenait à la communauté, a été spolié par la République. Le cimetière a été entièrement détruit dans les années 1930 et ses pierres tombales ont été réutilisées dans la construction d'un nouveau centre urbain par l'urbaniste Henri Prost, l'auteur du plan d'aménagement d'Istanbul choisi par Atatürk.Check date values in:
Mezarta?lar?n?n ço?u, ?ehir planlamac?s? Henri Prost'un tasarlad yeni Eminönü Meydan?'n?n onar?m?nda ve Gezi Park?'n?n merdivenlerinin yap?m?nda kullan?l?r.
Mezar ta?lar?n?n büyük k?sm? ise, Eminönü Meydanfn?n onannnda kullamlmt?r.