Palatinate-Neuburg
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Palatinate-Neuburg
Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg

Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg
1505-1808
Flag of Palatinate-Neuburg
Flag
Coat of arms (1609-1685) of Palatinate-Neuburg
Coat of arms
(1609-1685)
Neuburg Castle
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
CapitalNeuburg an der Donau
Common languagesAustro-Bavarian
Religion
Calvinism
GovernmentPrincipality
Count Palatine 
o 1505-57
Otto Henry
o 1557-69
Wolfgang
o 1653-90
Philip William
o 1742-99
Charles Theodore
Historical eraMiddle Ages
July 30, 1505
o In personal union with the Electorate of the Palatinate
1556-1557
o Ceded to Zweibrücken
1557
Sulzbach separated
1614
o Merged with the Electorate of the Palatinate
1685
o Disestablished
1808
Preceded by
Succeeded by

Palatinate-Neuburg (German: Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg) was a territory of the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1505 by a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Its capital was Neuburg an der Donau. Its area was about 2,750 km², with a population of some 100,000.

History

The Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was created in 1505 as the result of the Landshut War of Succession and existed until 1799 or 1808. After the so-called Kölner Spruch (Verdict of Cologne) the duchy was created from the territories north of the Danube for Otto Henry and Philipp, the sons of Ruprecht of the Palatinate. While they were minors, their grandfather Philip, Elector Palatine, ruled the duchy until his death in 1508, followed by Elector Frederick II. In 1541 elector Otto Henry converted to Lutheranism and his palace chapel at Neuburg Castle was the first newly built Protestant church of all, consecrated on 25 April 1543 by the reformed theologian Andreas Osiander.

In 1557 Otto Henry ceded his duchy (the so-called Young Palatinate) to Count Palatine Wolfgang of Zweibrücken. The eldest son of Wolfgang, Philipp Louis, founded in 1569 the elder line of Palatine Zweibrücken-Neuburg, from which the Palatine Sulzbach lineage was separated in 1614.

Palatinate-Neuburg joined the Protestant Union in 1608. In 1800, the duchy was invaded by the France and on June 26, 1800, the Habsburg, Württemberg and Bavarian armies fought a battle there. After fighting for most of a day, the Coalition armies withdrew. Neuburg was occupied by the French, and General Ney established his headquarters in the castle there.[1]

The Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was abolished in 1808. In the partition of Bavaria in 1837 Palatinate-Neuburg was joined with Swabia but became a part of Upper Bavaria in the 1970s.

Dukes of Palatinate-Neuburg

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg

Coat of Arms of Philip William, Johann Wilhelm and Charles Philip, Electors Palatine

With the death of Elector Charles Philip in 1742 all his territories including the state of Palatinate-Neuburg passed to the Palatinate-Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Charles Theodor of the Sulzbach line was a descendant of Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, a brother of Wolfgang Wilhelm.

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

See also

References

  1. ^ Marceau, p 105.[full ]

Coordinates: 48°44?N 11°11?E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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