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Ottawa County, Michigan
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Ottawa County, Michigan
Ottawa County
Ottawa County Courthouse in Grand Haven
Ottawa County Courthouse in Grand Haven
Official seal of Ottawa County
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Ottawa County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°55?N 86°14?W / 42.92°N 86.23°W / 42.92; -86.23
Country
State Michigan
Founded1831 (authorized)
1837 (organized)[1]
Named forOttawa Nation
SeatGrand Haven
Largest cityHolland
Area
 o Total1,631 sq mi (4,220 km2)
 o Land563 sq mi (1,460 km2)
 o Water1,068 sq mi (2,770 km2)  65%%
Population
 o Estimate 
(2018)
290,494
 o Density509/sq mi (197/km2)
Time zone
Congressional district2nd

Ottawa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the United States 2010 Census, the population was 263,801.[2] The county seat is Grand Haven.[3] The county is named for the Ottawa Nation. It was set off in 1831 and organized in 1837.[1]

Ottawa County is included in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,631 square miles (4,220 km2), of which 563 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 1,068 square miles (2,770 km2) (65%) is water.[4]

Bodies of water

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 263,801 people residing in the county. 90.1% were White, 2.6% Asian, 1.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.4% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 8.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 31.0% were of Dutch, 14.2% German, 5.8% English and 5.7% Irish ancestry.[10]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 238,314 people, 81,662 households, and 61,328 families in the county. The population density was 421 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 86,856 housing units at an average density of 154 per square mile (59/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.52% White, 1.05% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 2.09% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.48% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. 7.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% reported being of Dutch, 14.6% German, 6.2% English, 5.6% Irish and 5.4% American ancestry, 91.5% spoke only English at home; 5.4% spoke Spanish.

There were 81,662 households out of which 39.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.25.

The county has numerous seasonal residents during the summer. Port Sheldon Township has many lakefront homes and other inland retreats that serve as summer getaways for residents of Grand Rapids, Detroit, and Chicago. No official statistics are compiled on seasonal residents.

The county population contains 28.70% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation ranks Ottawa County as Michigan's second-healthiest county,[12] preceded only by the leisure-oriented Traverse City area.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,347, and the median income for a family was $59,896. Males had a median income of $42,180 versus $27,706 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,676. About 3.10% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 4.90% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

Government

Ottawa County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions - police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. - are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of September 2018)

Politics

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.5% 88,467 31.3% 44,973 7.2% 10,408
2012 66.4% 88,166 32.2% 42,737 1.4% 1,854
2008 61.0% 83,330 37.2% 50,828 1.7% 2,381
2004 71.6% 92,048 27.6% 35,552 0.8% 1,043
2000 71.2% 78,703 26.8% 29,600 2.1% 2,296
1996 64.4% 61,436 28.3% 27,024 7.3% 6,956
1992 59.1% 56,862 23.1% 22,180 17.9% 17,169
1988 76.2% 61,515 23.3% 18,769 0.6% 445
1984 79.7% 60,142 19.9% 15,000 0.4% 326
1980 67.9% 51,217 24.4% 18,435 7.7% 5,832
1976 74.1% 49,196 24.7% 16,381 1.2% 793
1972 72.0% 42,169 25.8% 15,119 2.2% 1,288
1968 67.6% 33,356 25.2% 12,431 7.2% 3,555
1964 54.8% 24,512 45.1% 20,151 0.2% 72
1960 75.3% 32,678 24.5% 10,617 0.3% 128
1956 74.9% 28,611 24.8% 9,459 0.3% 130
1952 72.8% 22,328 25.6% 7,835 1.6% 494
1948 63.4% 16,028 34.8% 8,789 1.9% 471
1944 66.2% 17,077 33.0% 8,511 0.8% 198
1940 62.4% 15,462 36.9% 9,152 0.7% 170
1936 51.4% 11,114 44.3% 9,579 4.4% 952
1932 58.3% 12,076 38.6% 7,981 3.1% 643
1928 85.5% 15,417 14.0% 2,524 0.5% 94
1924 78.6% 11,688 12.6% 1,871 8.9% 1,321
1920 78.7% 10,528 17.9% 2,391 3.4% 451
1916 56.2% 5,484 40.4% 3,941 3.4% 335
1912 20.9% 1,825 23.3% 2,036 55.9% 4,885
1908 66.3% 5,642 28.5% 2,429 5.2% 445
1904 75.3% 5,908 19.8% 1,553 4.9% 382
1900 62.2% 5,324 35.6% 3,050 2.2% 184
1896 58.1% 5,188 39.7% 3,550 2.2% 199
1892 50.8% 3,643 41.8% 2,996 7.4% 530
1888 55.0% 4,302 40.8% 3,191 4.2% 325
1884 53.4% 3,758 43.3% 3,049 3.4% 236

Ottawa County is a stronghold of the Republican Party. The last Democratic Party candidate to carry the county was George B. McClellan in 1864.[17] In 1912, the nominal Republican Party candidate did not carry the county, due to "Bull Moose Party" candidate and former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt's unsuccessful campaign, which took the county's vote.

Beginning in 2015, County Administrator Alan Vanderberg has signaled that the county is too white and needs to embrace diversity. He said that Ottawa County is facing an "ugly challenge" with eliminating racism and discrimination.[18] Vanderberg said that Ottawa County's future prosperity depends on changing the racial and ethnic mix.[19] The county "rebranded" its image in 2017 in part due to increasing minority in-migration. The county board adopted the slogan "Where you belong." Vanderberg said the slogan is intended to let everyone, regardless of color, ethnic background, sexual identity, religion or other qualifier, know they are welcome in Ottawa County.[20]

Communities

Cities

Village

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Clarke (accessed January 29, 2013)
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008.
  12. ^ "County Health Rankings & Roadmaps". County Health Rankings & Roadmaps.
  13. ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives - Maps & Reports". thearda.com.
  14. ^ LDS.org Find a Meetinghouse (accessed 24 September 2018)
  15. ^ "miOttawa - Ottawa County Board of Commissioners". ottawa.mi.us.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. ^ "Presidential election of 1864 - Map by counties". free.fr.
  18. ^ "Ottawa Co. official: Diversity problem may hurt economy". April 15, 2015.
  19. ^ "Cultural Intelligence Committee - Ottawa County MI". www.miottawa.org.
  20. ^ "Administrator touts Ottawa County's attributes in annual address". www.mlive.com.

External links

Coordinates: 42°55?N 86°14?W / 42.92°N 86.23°W / 42.92; -86.23


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