Roman Catholic Cathedral in Orhei
|o Total||8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi)|
|o Density||2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Orhei (Romanian pronunciation: [or'hej]; Yiddish Uriv - ), also formerly known as Orgeev (Russian: ?), is a city, municipality and the administrative centre  of Orhei District in the Republic of Moldova, with a population of 21,065. Orhei is approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of the capital, Chi?in?u.
Orhei takes its name from the medieval city of Old Orhei, about 10 miles (16 km) below the modern city on the R?ut River, which was destroyed by the Crimean Tatars in the 14th to 16th centuries. It was the Ottoman-occupied military center of northern Bessarabia until it was ceded to the Russian Empire in 1812. The word "orhei" was used by local population, meaning "strengthened hill, fortress, deserted courtyard". The name "Orhei" is, according to one theory, derived from the Hungarian word ?rhely, meaning "lookout post", dating from the 13th century, when Hungarian forces built a series of defences in the area. Regardless of origin, Orhei gets its name from Orheiul Vechi, an active monastery near the village of Ivancea.
Like the rest of Bessarabia, Orhei was taken by the Kingdom of Romania after World War I and was annexed by the USSR in 1940. It was almost completely destroyed during the Jassy-Kishinev Offensive of August 1944, and was rebuilt after the war. In 1991 it became part of the Republic of Moldova.
While Orhei was still within Bessarabia, the population in 1920 was estimated to be 25,000. At that time, two thirds of the population were Jewish. The remaining population was Russian, Romanian and Ruthenians. Most people speak Romanian and Russian. There is one school that is taught in Russian.
Orhei was home to many Jews prior to World War II, and has a large Jewish cemetery. There is only one active synagogue left in the community. The main churches are Russian Orthodox. Also in the area are Baptist, Roman Catholic, a Seventh-day Adventist Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Salvation Army and Jehovah's Witnesses.
Orhei has two radio stations, Radio Orhei (97.5 FM) and Radio Plai (92.6 FM). Radio Orhei broadcasts news from the Orhei region, Moldova national news, international news, and Russian, Moldovan, and Romanian music.. There is also a site that can be accessed for more information about news events.
Orhei is twinned with: