Orhei
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Orhei

Orhei
City
Roman Catholic Cathedral in Orhei
Roman Catholic Cathedral in Orhei
Flag of Orhei
Flag
Coat of arms of Orhei
Coat of arms
Orhei is located in Moldova
Orhei
Orhei
Location within Moldova
Coordinates: 47°23?N 28°49?E / 47.383°N 28.817°E / 47.383; 28.817
CountryMoldova
CountyOrhei District
Area
 o Total8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi)
Population
 o Total21,065
 o Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Orhei (Romanian pronunciation: [or'hej]; Yiddish Uriv - ), also formerly known as Orgeev (Russian: ?), is a city, municipality[2] and the administrative centre [3] of Orhei District in the Republic of Moldova, with a population of 21,065. Orhei is approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of the capital, Chi?in?u.

History

Orhei takes its name from the medieval city of Old Orhei, about 10 miles (16 km) below the modern city on the R?ut River, which was destroyed by the Crimean Tatars in the 14th to 16th centuries.[4] It was the Ottoman-occupied military center of northern Bessarabia until it was ceded to the Russian Empire in 1812.[] The word "orhei" was used by local population, meaning "strengthened hill, fortress, deserted courtyard".[5] The name "Orhei" is, according to one theory, derived from the Hungarian word ?rhely, meaning "lookout post", dating from the 13th century, when Hungarian forces built a series of defences in the area.[6] Regardless of origin, Orhei gets its name from Orheiul Vechi, an active monastery near the village of Ivancea.

Like the rest of Bessarabia, Orhei was taken by the Kingdom of Romania after World War I and was annexed by the USSR in 1940. It was almost completely destroyed during the Jassy-Kishinev Offensive of August 1944, and was rebuilt after the war. In 1991 it became part of the Republic of Moldova.

Prior to 2003, Orhei was the capital of Orhei County, a large administrative region, but the country was divided further into Raion, or districts.

The St. Dumitru Church built by Vasile Lupu is located in this town.

Ilan Shor was elected mayor in 2015; he served until 2019. Pavel Verejanu won the 2019 mayoral election in 2019,[7] with about 80% of the vote. Verejanu was Shor's preferred candidate.

Demographics

While Orhei was still within Bessarabia, the population in 1920 was estimated to be 25,000. At that time, two thirds of the population were Jewish. The remaining population was Russian, Romanian and Ruthenians.[8] Most people speak Romanian and Russian. There is one school that is taught in Russian.[]

Economy

Orhei was the first place in what was then known as Bessarabia, to have a successful tobacco industry. The area is also known for wine production.[8]

Religion

Orhei synagogue

Orhei was home to many Jews prior to World War II, and has a large Jewish cemetery. There is only one active synagogue left in the community. The main churches are Russian Orthodox. Also in the area are Baptist, Roman Catholic, a Seventh-day Adventist Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Salvation Army and Jehovah's Witnesses.

Media

Orhei has two radio stations, Radio Orhei (97.5 FM) and Radio Plai (92.6 FM). Radio Orhei broadcasts news from the Orhei region, Moldova national news, international news, and Russian, Moldovan, and Romanian music.[9]. There is also a site that can be accessed for more information about news events.[10]

Sport

FC Milsami Orhei is based in the city. The team won the Moldovan National Division in 2015.

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Orhei is twinned with:

Natives

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea ?i completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorial? a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  3. ^ http://www.natura2000oltenita-chiciu.ro/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Moldova-Pitoreasca-Picturesque-Moldavia-pdf-Vladimir-Toncea.pdf
  4. ^ "Slavic Orgeev, Orkhei and Hungarian ?rhely," Ural-altaische Jahrbücher 61 (1989), p. 127.
  5. ^ Teodor PORUCIC - Lexiconul termenilor entropici din limba român? în Basarabia, extras din Arhivele Basarabiei, 1931, nr. 1-4, Chi?in?u
  6. ^ Nándor Bárdi, László Diószegi, András Gyertyánfy, "Hungarians in Moldavia", Magyar Kisebbség 1-2 (7-8), 1997 (III), pp. 370-390.
  7. ^ https://www.timpul.md/articol/nu-scuipai-impotriva-vantului--ilan-or-despre-contestarea-de-catre-blocul-acum-a-victoriei-partidului-or-in-mun--orhei-148028.html
  8. ^ a b Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 14.
  9. ^ http://radioorhei.md
  10. ^ http://www.orhei.md
  11. ^ "Piatra Neam? - Twin Towns". 2007-2008 piatra-neamt.net. Archived from the original on 16 November 2009. Retrieved 2009.

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 47°23?N 28°49?E / 47.383°N 28.817°E / 47.383; 28.817


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Orhei
 



 



 
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