Orenburg Oblast
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Orenburg Oblast
Orenburg Caucasian Oblast
?
Flag of Orenburg Caucasian Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Orenburg Caucasian Oblast
Coat of arms
Map of Russia - Orenburg Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 52°08?N 55°36?E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600Coordinates: 52°08?N 55°36?E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600
CountryRussia
Federal districtVolga[1]
Economic regionUrals[2]
EstablishedDecember 7, 1934
Administrative centerOrenburg
Government
 o BodyLegislative Assembly
 o GovernorDenis Pasler[3]
Area
 o Total124,000 km2 (48,000 sq mi)
Area rank29th
Population
(2010 Census)[5]
 o Total2,033,072
 o Estimate 
(2018)[6]
1,977,720 (-2.7%)
 o Rank23rd
 o Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
 o Urban
59.7%
 o Rural
40.3%
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-ORE
License plates56, 156
OKTMO ID53000000
Official languagesRussian[8]
Websitehttp://www.orb.ru/

Orenburg Oblast (Russian: ? , Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. From 1938 to 1957, it bore the name Chkalov Oblast ( ) in honor of Valery Chkalov. Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census).[5]

The House of the Soviets (oblast administrative centre)

Geography

Orenburg Oblast's internal borders are with the republics of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan to the north, Chelyabinsk oblast to the north-east, and with Samara and Saratov oblasts to the west. Orenburg Oblast also shares an international border with Kazakhstan to the east and south. The oblast is situated on the boundary between Europe and Asia, with the majority of its territory lying west of the continental divide in European Russia and smaller sections in the east situated on the Asian side of the divide. The most important river of the oblast is the Ural. Orenburg is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: ;[5];[9].[10]

Settlements

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:[5]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 29 736 (14.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 28 225 (13.9 per 1000) [12]
  • Total fertility rate:[13] 2009 - 1.76 | 2010 - 1.80 | 2011 - 1.80 | 2012 - 1.95 | 2013 - 2.00 | 2014 - 2.03 | 2015 - 2.01 | 2016 - 1.95(e)

Religion

Religion in Orenburg Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[14][15]
Russian Orthodoxy
40.2%
Other Orthodox
1.7%
Other Christians
3.6%
Islam
13.8%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
3%
Spiritual but not religious
20%
Atheism and irreligion
12.4%
Other and undeclared
5.3%

As of a 2012 survey[14] 40.2% of the population of Orenburg Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% declare themselves to be generic nondenominational Christians (excluding the Protestant definition), 2% are Orthodox Christian believers who do not belong to any church or belong to non-Russian Orthodox churches. Muslims constitute 13% of the population. 3% of the population are followers of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery), 6.8% are followers of other religions or did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 20% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 12% to be atheist.[14]

Economy

Orenburg Oblast is one of the major agricultural areas of Russia. Its climate is favorable to farming with a humid spring, dry summer and many sunny days, which make perfect conditions for cultivating hard wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and gourds.

The range of the oblast's export commodities includes: oil and oil products, gas and gas produced products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, rough copper, electric engines, radiators, products of machine-building industry.

See also

References

  1. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Orenburg Oblast. Governor of Orenburg Oblast (in Russian)
  4. ^ ? (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "?, ?, ? ? ? ? ? (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". ? 2002 ? (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ "-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ " ? ? ? ". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ "? ?:: ?". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  15. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", No 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

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