Get Ordre National Du Merite essential facts below. View Videos or join the Ordre National Du Merite discussion. Add Ordre National Du Merite to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Ordre National Du Merite
Order of State with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic
The Ordre national du Mérite (French: [d? n?sj?nal dy me?it]; English: National Order of Merit) is a Frenchorder of merit with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic, founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle. The reason for the order's establishment was twofold: to replace the large number of ministerial orders previously awarded by the ministries; and to create an award that can be awarded at a lower level than the Legion of Honour, which is generally reserved for French citizens. It comprises about 185,000 members; 306,000 members have been admitted or promoted in 50 years.
The Ordre national du Mérite (National Order of Merit) comprises about 185,000 members; 306,000 members have been admitted or promoted in 50 years. Half of its recipients are required to be women.
Commander (Commandeur): minimum of 5 years in the rank of Officer (for active duty commissioned officers, this is achieved after five years in the rank of Officer)
Officer (Officier): minimum of 5 years in the rank of Knight (for active duty commissioned officers, this is achieved after seven years in the rank of Knight)
Knight (Chevalier): to be of a minimum age of 35, have a minimum of 10 years of public service (although, in practice, 15 years is the minimum commonly needed to be conferred the rank of Knight), and "distinguished merits" (for active duty commissioned officers, this is achieved after fifteen years of meritorious service)
Two additional dignities:
Grand Cross (Grand-Croix): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand Officer
Grand Officer (Grand Officier): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commande
Knight - wears the Medal on the left chest (bow form for women in dress)
Officer - wears the Medal with rosette on the left chest (bow form for women in dress)
Commander - wears the necklet on the neck for men and women (left shoulder in bow form for women in dress)
Grand Officer - wears the Medal with rosette on the left chest, plus the Star on the right side of the stomach;
Grand Cross - wears the Sash on the right shoulder to the left hip and the Star on the left side of the stomach.
Reverse of the Knight's insignia of the Order
The medal and the plaque of the Order were designed by the French sculptor Max Leognany.
The medal of the order is a six-armed Maltese asterisk in gilt (silver for chevalier) enamelled blue, with laurel leaves between the arms. The obverse central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française (French Republic). The reverse central disc has a set of crossed tricolores, surrounded by the name of the order and its foundation date. The badge is suspended by a laurel wreath.
The star (plaque) is worn by Grand-Croix (in gilt on the left breast) and Grand Officier (in silver on the right breast) respectively; it is a twelve-armed sunburst, with rays (formerly plain, now in blue enamel) between the arms. The central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française and the name of the Order, and in turn surrounded by a wreath of laurel.
The ribbon for the medal is a solid blue field. For the grade of Officier and above, a rosette is centered in the field. For the grades of Commandeur, Grand Officier, and Grand-Croix, the rosette is centered bar of silver; silver and gold, and a solid gold respectively.
The individuals listed below have been admitted as members of the National Order of Merit: