An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names.
In the case of the Summer Olympic Games, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.
Early Winter Olympic Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.
A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.
Lysgårdsbakken was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics (and it will be a main stadium a third time during the 2028 games). In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.
A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).
|Olympic Stadium||Amsterdam||1962 European Cup Final, 1977 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, 1981 UEFA Cup Final, 1987 Individual Speedway World Championship Finals, 1992 UEFA Cup Final, 2016 European Athletics Championships|
|Panathenaic Stadium||Athens||1967-68 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup, 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games|
|Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis'||Athens||1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1997 World Championships in Athletics, 2005 and 2006 WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage, 2006 IAAF World Cup|
|Centennial Olympic Stadium||Atlanta||1999 World Series, 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)|
|Olympic Stadium||Barcelona||1989 IAAF World Cup, 2003 World Police and Fire Games 2010 European Athletics Championships|
|Beijing National Stadium||Beijing||2009 Race of Champions, 2015 World Championships in Athletics, 2017 League of Legends World Championship|
|Olympic Stadium||Berlin||1974 FIFA World Cup, 1994 IPC Athletics World Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998-2009), 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 European Athletics Championships, annual DFB-Pokal final|
|McMahon Stadium||Calgary||Four Grey Cups, 1972 and 1978 CFL All-Star Games, 1997 World Police and Fire Games|
|Olympic Stadium||Helsinki||1957 Bandy World Championship, 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971, 1994, and 2012 European Athletics Championships, UEFA Women's Euro 2009|
|Bergisel Ski Jump||Innsbruck||1968 and 2005 Winter Universiades, 1933, 1985, and 2019 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup|
|Olympic Stadium||London||2015 Race of Champions, 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 Athletics World Cup, 2019 Cricket World Cup, 2021 Rugby League World Cup|
|Wembley Stadium||London||Original stadium: 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, and 1992 European Cup Finals, 1966 FIFA World Cup, 1989-1992 Rugby League World Cup, 1995 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1996, annual FA Cup final, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield|
Current stadium: 2007 and 2008 Race of Champions, 2011 and 2013 UEFA Champions League Finals, 2013 Rugby League World Cup, 2015 Rugby World Cup, UEFA Euro 2020, 2021 Rugby League World Cup, annual FA Cup final, NFL International Series, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield
|White City Stadium||London||1934 British Empire Games, 1966 FIFA World Cup|
|Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||Los Angeles||1959 World Series, second 1959 MLB All-Star Game, Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 23 Pro Bowls, 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games|
|Melbourne Cricket Ground||Melbourne||1992 and 2015 Cricket World Cup Finals, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final|
|Estadio Olímpico Universitario||Mexico City||1955 Pan American Games, 1979 Summer Universiade, 1986 FIFA World Cup|
|San Siro||Milan||1934 FIFA World Cup, 1990 FIFA World Cup|
|Olympic Stadium||Montreal||1979 IAAF World Cup, 1982 MLB All-Star Game, six Grey Cups, 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup|
|Luzhniki Stadium||Moscow||1973 Summer Universiade, 1999 UEFA Cup Final, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 FIFA World Cup|
|Olympic Stadium||Munich||1974 FIFA World Cup, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1989 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2002 European Athletics Championships, 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final|
|Bislett Stadium||Oslo||1946 European Athletics Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998-2009), annual IAAF Diamond League|
|Lysgårdsbakken||Lillehammer||annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup|
|Vélodrome de Vincennes||Paris||1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974 Tour de France closing stages|
|Stade Olympique de Colombes||Paris||1938 FIFA World Cup|
|Stade de France||Paris||1998 FIFA World Cup, 1999 Rugby World Cup, annual IAAF Golden League (1999-2009), 2000 UEFA Champions League Final, 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, 2003 IAAF World Championships in Athletics Final, 2006 UEFA Champions League Final, 2007 Rugby World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 2016, annual Coupe de France final, annual Top 14 final, annual IAAF Diamond League|
|Estádio do Maracanã||Rio de Janeiro||1950 FIFA World Cup, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, 2007 Pan American Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2019 Copa America|
|Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos||Rio de Janeiro||2011 Military World Games|
|Stadio Olimpico||Rome||UEFA Euro 1968, 1980 and 2020, 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1975 Summer Universiade, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1981 IAAF World Cup, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, annual IAAF Golden League (1998-2009), annual IAAF Diamond League|
|Makomanai Open Stadium||Sapporo||1991 Winter Universiade|
|Olympic Stadium||Seoul||1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals|
|Fisht Olympic Stadium||Sochi||2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2018 FIFA World Cup|
|Stockholm Olympic Stadium||Stockholm||1958 European Athletics Championships, 1999 World Police and Fire Games, 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden, annual IAAF Diamond League|
|Stadium Australia||Sydney||2003 Rugby World Cup, 2015 AFC Asian Cup, annual NRL Grand Final|
|National Stadium||Tokyo||1958 Asian Games, 1967 Summer Universiade, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, Intercontinental Cup, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 FIFA Club World Cups, 2012 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup|
|Stadio Olimpico di Torino||Turin||1934 European Athletics Championships, 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1959 and 1970 Summer Universiades|
|BC Place||Vancouver||Nine Grey Cups, 1983 CFL All-Star Game, 1989 World Police and Fire Games, 1990 Gay Games, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup|