Olonets
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Olonets
Olonets

A street in Olonets
A street in Olonets
Flag of Olonets
Flag
Coat of arms of Olonets
Coat of arms
Location of Olonets
Olonets is located in Russia
Olonets
Olonets
Location of Olonets
Olonets is located in Karelia
Olonets
Olonets
Olonets (Karelia)
Coordinates: 60°59?N 32°55?E / 60.983°N 32.917°E / 60.983; 32.917Coordinates: 60°59?N 32°55?E / 60.983°N 32.917°E / 60.983; 32.917
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Karelia[1]
Administrative districtOlonetsky District[1]
First mentioned1137
Town status since1649
Area
 o Total6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 o Total9,056
 o Estimate 
(2018)[3]
8,091 (-10.7%)
 o Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 o Capital ofOlonetsky District[1]
 o Municipal districtOlonetsky Municipal District[4]
 o Urban settlementOlonetskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 o Capital ofOlonetsky Municipal District[5], Olonetskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
186000Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID86630101001

Olonets (Russian: ?; Karelian: Aunus, Livvi: Anuksenlinnu; Finnish: Aunus, Aunuksenkaupunki or Aunuksenlinna) is a town and the administrative center of Olonetsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located on the Olonka River to the east of Lake Ladoga. Population: ;[2];[8].[9]

History

Olonets is the oldest documented settlement in Karelia, mentioned by Novgorodian sources as early as 1137.[] Its history is obscure until 1649, when a fortress was built there to protect the Grand Duchy of Moscow against the Swedes. The same year it was granted town privileges.[] Until the Great Northern War, Olonets developed as a principal market for Russian trade with Sweden. To the south from the town, there sprawled a belt of fortified abbeys, of which the Alexander-Svirsky Monastery was the most important.

In the 18th century, Olonets' importance shifted from trade to ironworking industries. In 1773, it was made the seat of Olonets Governorate. Eleven years later, however, the seat was moved to Petrozavodsk and Olonets started to decline.

Modern Olonets is classified as a historical town of the Republic of Karelia and is the only town in the republic where Karelians are in majority (over 60% as of 2005).

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Olonets serves as the administrative center of Olonetsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Olonets, together with eight rural localities, is incorporated within Olonetsky Municipal District as Olonetskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Notable people

  • Walery Mroczkowski (1840-1889) was born in Olonets. He was an insurgent in the 1863 January Uprising. After prison, he was exiled and became a noted anarchist in Bakunin's close circle. Latterly, he worked as a photographer in France, using the pseudonym, "Fr: Valerien Ostroga".
  • Witold Pilecki (1901-1948) was born in Olonets. He was a Polish National hero, soldier and a member of Armia Krajowa who was executed in 1948 by the Polish communist regime.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Olonets is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #871-RZK
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #813-RZK
  5. ^ Law #825-ZRK
  6. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • ? ?.  No871-  29 2005 ?. « - ? ? ?», ? . No1895-K  2 ? 2015 ?. «?  9 ? ? " - ? ? ?"». ? ? ?  ?. : "?", No48, 7 2005 ?. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #871-ZRK of April 29, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1895-ZRK of June 2, 2015 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Karelia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • ? ?.  No813-  1 2004 ?. «? , ? ? ? ?», ? . No1694-K  2 2013 ?. «? ? "? " ? " " ? ? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ? ?. : "?", No124, 126, 129, 132, 135, 136, 139, 4  -- 9 ? 2004 ?. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #813-ZRK of November 1, 2004 On the Urban, Rural Settlements in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • ? ?.  No825-  1 ? 2004 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ?», ? . No1694-K  2 2013 ?. «? ? "? " ? " " ? ? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ? ?. : "?", No141, 16 ? 2004 ?. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #825-ZRK of December 1, 2004 On the Municipal Districts in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).


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Olonets
 



 



 
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