Oldsmobile Curved Dash
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Oldsmobile Curved Dash
Oldsmobile Runabout
Oldsmobile Curved Dash Runabout 1904 2.jpg
Also calledModel 6
About 19,000 built
AssemblyDetroit, MI[1]
Body and chassis
ClassEntry-level car
Body styleRunabout
Engine95 cu in (1,560 cc) horizontal one-cylinder[2]
TransmissionPlanetary 2-speed
SuccessorOldsmobile Model 20
"In My Merry Oldsmobile" sheet music featuring an Oldsmobile Curved Dash automobile

The gasoline-powered Curved Dash Oldsmobile[3] is credited as being the first mass-produced automobile, meaning that it was built on an assembly line using interchangeable parts. It was introduced by the Oldsmobile company in 1901 and produced through 1907; 425 were produced the first year,[4] 2,500 in 1902, and over 19,000 were built in all.[5] When General Motors assumed operations from Ransom E. Olds on November 12, 1908,[6] GM introduced the Oldsmobile Model 20, which was the 1908 Buick Model 10 with a stretched wheelbase and minor exterior changes.[7]

It was a runabout model, could seat two passengers, and sold for US$650. While competitive, due to high volume, and priced below the US$850 two-seat Ford Model C "Doctor's Car",[8] it was more expensive than the Western 1905 Gale Model A roadster at US$500. The Black sold for $375,[9] and the Success for US$250.[10]

The flat-mounted, water-cooled, single-cylinder engine, situated at the center of the car, produced 5 hp (3.7 kW),[2] relying on a brass gravity feed carburetor. The transmission was a semiautomatic design with two forward speeds and one reverse. The low-speed forward and reverse gear system is a planetary type (epicyclic). The car weighed 850 lb (390 kg) and used Concord springs.[] It had a top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h).[11]

The car's success was partially by accident; in 1901, a fire destroyed a number of other models before they could be approved for production, leaving the Curved Dash as the only one intact.[12]



  1. ^ "Location of Curved Dash factory". Archived from the original on 2017-12-06. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b Rogliatti 1973, pp. 270-271.
  3. ^ The name comes from its curved dash or dashboard, like that of a sleigh. See the photo and caption on page 130 of the Popular Science article listed under External Links below.
  4. ^ Posthumus 1977, p. 48.
  5. ^ Georgano 1985, p. [page needed]
  6. ^ "Oldsmobile Joins GM". Archived from the original on 2016-08-28. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "1908 Oldsmobile Model 20 introduction". Archived from the original on 2016-08-28. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 37.
  9. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 61.
  10. ^ Clymer 1950, p. 32.
  11. ^ Sedgwick 1962, p. 36.
  12. ^ Wright 2000.


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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