Okayama Prefecture
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Okayama Prefecture
Okayama Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?majiOkayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Okayama Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionCh?goku (Sany?)
IslandHonshu
CapitalOkayama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
 o GovernorRy?ta Ibaragi
Area
 o Total7,114.50 km2 (2,746.92 sq mi)
Area rank15th
Population
(February 1, 2018)
 o Total1,906,464
 o Rank21st
 o Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-33
Websitewww.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerPeach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
TreeRed pine (Pinus densiflora)

Okayama Prefecture (, Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Ch?goku region of Honshu.[1] Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 (1 February 2018) and has a geographic area of 7,114 km² (2,746 sq mi). Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyogo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.

Okayama is the capital and largest city of Okayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Kurashiki, Tsuyama, and S?ja.[2][3][4] Okayama Prefecture's south is located on the Seto Inland Sea coast across from Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, which are connected by the Great Seto Bridge, while the north is characterized by the Ch?goku Mountains.

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitch?, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868-1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Okayama Prefecture borders Hy?go Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hy?nosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

Cities

Okayama City
Tsuyama
Takahashi
Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Education

Universities

High schools

  • Okayama
    • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
    • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
    • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
    • Okayama Hosen Senior High School
    • Okayama Joto Senior High School
    • Okayama Sakuyo High School[8]
    • Kurashiki High School

Transportation

Rail

Tramways

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Airport

Culture

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotar? legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotar?. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotar?) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotar?-matsuri, or Momotar? Festival.[4][9]

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Soccer

Volleyball

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Ch?goku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b "(?)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "". www.sakuyo-h.ed.jp. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "Okayama History". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  10. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". Archived from the original on 2013-03-27.
  11. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile".
  12. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com". Archived from the original on 2013-08-17.

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°42?N 133°51?E / 34.700°N 133.850°E / 34.700; 133.850


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Okayama_Prefecture
 



 



 
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