Odawara Domain
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Odawara Domain
Odawara Castle, Headquarters of the Odawara Domain

Odawara Domain (?, Odawara-han) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located primarily in western Sagami Province (modern-day Kanagawa Prefecture). It was centered on Odawara Castle in what is now the city of Odawara.


Following the defeat of the Later H?j? clan in the Battle of Odawara by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1590, their vast territories in the Kant? region were assigned to Tokugawa Ieyasu. Ieyasu selected Edo to be the headquarters of his new domains, and assigned his close retainer, ?kubo Tadayo to rebuild Odawara Castle and to rule as a daimy? over the strategically important post town, which guarded the approaches to Edo from the west via the Hakone Pass. ?kubo Tadayo's territory included 147 villages in Ashigarakami and Ashigarashimo districts with total revenues of 40,000 koku. His son Tadachika served in the Tokugawa shogunate as a r?j? and had his revenues increased by 20,000 koku with additional territories in Musashi Province.

The domain then passed to Abe Masatsugu, former castellan of Otaki Castle in Shim?sa Province. After a four-year tenure, he was transferred to Iwatsuki Domain in Musashi and was replaced at Odawara by Inaba Masakatsu, formerly of Masaoka Domain in Shimotsuke Province. Masashige was the son of 3rd Tokugawa Sh?gun Iemitsu's wet nurse Kasuga no Tsubone and played an important role in the Tokugawa administration. His two sons ruled Odawara after his death, before being transferred to Takada Domain in Echigo Province.

Odawara then reverted to the ?kubo clan, when ?kubo Tadatomo was transferred from Sakura Domain in Kazusa Province. Tadatomo was the great-great-grandson of ?kubo Tadayo, and the domain remained in the hands of his descendants until the Meiji Restoration.

In 1707, the H?ei eruption of Mount Fuji devastated much of the lands of the domain, and much of the original domain became tenry? under direct control of the shogunate, with Odawara Domain compensated by equivalent lands in other parts of Sagami, Musashi, Harima and Izu Provinces.

During the Bakumatsu period, the shogunate relied on troops from Odawara to maintain a guard on the increasing foreign presence in Izu Peninsula, particularly Shimoda and Heda.

After the Meiji Restoration, the final daimy? of Odawara, ?kubo Tadayoshi surrendered his domain to the new Meiji government without resistance.

Holdings at the end of the Edo period

As with most domains in the han system, Odawara Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1][2] In the case of Odawara Domain, a substantial portion of its holdings was in western Japan.

Odawara Prefecture

After the abolition of the han system on August 29, 1871, the portion of Odawara Domain within western Sagami Province (Ashigarakami, Ashigarashimo and Yurugi Districts) together with 31 villages which had been former hatamoto territory in those same districts, became "Odawara Prefecture", with ?kubo Tadayoshi continuing as governor. However, on December 25, 1871 Odawara Prefecture and merged into the short-lived Ashigara Prefecture.

List of daimy?

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
Okubo mon.jpg ?kubo clan (fudai) 1590-1614
1 ?kubo Tadayo () 1590-1594 unknown unknown 45,000 koku
2 ?kubo Tadachika () 1594-1614 Sagami-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 65,000 koku
Alex K Hiroshima Asano kamon.svg Abe clan (fudai) 1619-1623
1 Abe Masatsugu (?) 1619-1623 Bitchu-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 50,000 koku
Inaba crest1.svg Inaba clan (fudai) 1632-1685
1 Inaba Masakatsu (?) 1632-1634 Tango-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 85,000 koku
2 Inaba Masanori (?) 1634-1683 Mimasaka-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 85,000->102,000 koku
3 Inaba Masamichi (?) 1683-1685 Tango-no-kami (); Jiju () Lower 4th (?) 102,000 koku
Okubo mon.jpg ?kubo clan (fudai) 1686-1871
1 ?kubo Tadatomo () 1686-1698 Kaga-no-kami (); Jiju () Lower 4th (?) 103,000->113,000 koku
2 ?kubo Tadamasu () 1698-1713 ?kura-no-sho (?) Lower 4th (?) 113,000 koku
3 ?kubo Tadamasa () 1713-1732 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 113,000 koku
4 ?kubo Tadaoki () 1732-1763 ?kura-no-sho (?) Lower 4th (?) 113,000 koku
5 ?kubo Tadayoshi () 1763-1769 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 113,000 koku
6 ?kubo Tadaaki () 1769-1796 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 113,000 koku
7 ?kubo Tadazane () 1796-1837 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 113,000 koku
8 ?kubo Tadanao () 1837-1859 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 113,000 koku
9 ?kubo Tadanori () 1859-1868 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 113,000 koku
10 ?kubo Tadayoshi () 1868-1871 Kaga-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 113,000 koku

Subsidiary domains

Ogino-Yamanaka Domain

Ogino-Yamanaka Domain was a subsidiary domain of Odawara Domain, established in 1783 when ?kubo Norinobu, relocated his jin'ya from Matsunaga Domain in Suruga Province what is now Numazu, Shizuoka to Sagami Province in what is now part of Atsugi, Kanagawa. Matsunaga Domain had been created in 1698 for ?kubo Norihiro, the younger son of ?kubo Tadatomo. The domain had holding scatted across Sagami, Suzuga and Izu provinces. During the Bakumatsu period, the domain was assigned to guard Kofu Castle in Kai Province. In 1867, while most of the samurai were still in Kofu, anti-Tokugawa partisans burned the jin'ya of the domain to the ground. After the Meiji restoration, in 1871, with the abolition of the han system, the domain became Ogino-Yamanaka Prefecture, which was merged into Kanagawa Prefecture in 1876.

Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
1 ?kubo Norinobu () 1783-1796 Nakatsukasa-no-taifu (?) Lower 5th (?) 13,000 koku
2 ?kubo Noritaka () 1796-1845 Izumo-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 13,000 koku
3 ?kubo Noriyoshi () 1845-1871 Nakatsukasa-no-taifu (?) Lower 5th (?) 13,000 koku


  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.

External links


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