Ulrich (German pronunciation: ['?l.ç]), is a German given name, derived from Old High German Uodalrich, Odalric. It is composed of the elements uodal- meaning "(noble) heritage" and -rich meaning "rich, powerful". Attested from the 8th century as the name of Alamannic nobility, the name is popularly given from the high medieval period in reference to Saint Ulrich of Augsburg (canonized 993).
It is also a surname Ulrich. It is most prevalent in Germany and has the highest density in Switzerland.  This last name was found in the United States around the year 1840.  Most Americans with the last name were concentrated in Pennsylvania, which was home to many German immigrant communities. Nowadays in the United States, the name is distributed largely in the Pennsylvania-Ohio region .
Documents record the Old High German name Oadalrich or Uodalrich from the later 8th century in Alamannia.
The related name Adalric (Anglo-Saxon cognate Æthelric) is attested from the 6th century (Athalaric King of the Ostrogoths; Æthelric of Bernicia).
The name of Agilolfing duke Odilo (fl. 709–748) may represent a short form of the name.
Count Udalrich I (fl. 778–814), a son of Gerold of Vinzgau, founded the Alamannic Udalriching dynasty, ancestral to the counts of Bregenz.
The given name occurred frequently in the Alamannic Hunfriding dynasty in the 9th to 10th centuries; examples include Odalric, Count of Barcelona (fl. 850s) and Odalric, Count of Thurgau (fl. 920s).
The name is recorded in an Icelandic form as Óðalríkr only in the later medieval period.
In the Middle High German period the name generally commemorated Saint Ulrich, Bishop of Augsburg (c. 890 - 4 July 973), who twice defended Augsburg from attacks by Magyars.
The Swiss Reformer Ulrich Zwingli etymologized his given name as Huldrych (Huldricus, Huldaricus), i.e. "rich in grace".
In the wake of Zwingli, during the 16th century and well into the 18th century, it became a fashion -
especially for Protestant writers - to latinise the given name Ulrich as Huldricus.
The name was popularly given in 20th-century Switzerland, especially from the 1940s to the 1960s,
peaking at rank 16 in 1947, but dropping below rank 100 in 1972.
In Czechoslovakia, Old?ich was popularly given in the 1940s to 1950s, peaking at rank 18 during 1946–1951.
The German given name was adopted in Czech and Slovak as Old?ich, Oldrich and in Scandinavian as Ulrik, in Slovenian as Urh, in Latvia as Uldis.
Common German hypocoristics are Uli or Ulli (Swiss Ueli) and historically Utz. A Czech/Slovak hypocoristic is Volek and a Polish one Ryczek.
Feminine forms Ulrike and Ulrica have been recorded from the early modern period.
People with the given name
Medieval to early modern
- Udalrich I, count in Alamannia (fl. 778–814), son of Gerold of Vinzgau
- Udalrich II, son of Udalrich I, count in Alamannia (fl. 800/803)
- Odalric, Count of Barcelona (fl. 850s)
- Ulrich of Augsburg (ca. 890 - 973), bishop and saint
- Old?ich, Duke of Bohemia (c. 975 - 1034)
- Ulric Manfred II of Turin (b. 1034), Count of Turin and Margrave of Susa
- Ulric I of Carniola (d. 1070), the Margrave of Carniola and Carinthia
- Ulric II of Carniola (d. 1112), the Margrave of Istria
- Ulrich I, Bishop of Passau (c. 1027 - 1121)
- Ulrich of Zell (1029-93), abbot and saint
- Ulrich I Bishop of Eichstätt (r. 1075-1099)
- Ulrich of Bamberg (fl. 1100), priest and chronicler
- Ulrich II von Bogen, Bishop of Eichstätt (r. 1112-1125)
- Old?ich of Olomouc (d. 1177), duke in Bohemia
- Ulrich von Zatzikhoven, late 12th century author of the Arthurian romance Lanzelet
- Ulrich II (bishop of Passau) (d. 1221)
- Ulrich von Liechtenstein (1200-1275), medieval writer, poet and knight
- Ulrich III, Duke of Carinthia (ca. 1220 - 1269)
- Ulrich II, Count of Württemberg (ca. 1254 - 1279)
- Ulrich III, Count of Württemberg (after 1286 - 1392)
- Ulrich II von Graben (before 1300 - ca. 1361), Austrian nobleman
- Ulrich III, Lord of Hanau (c. 1310 - 1369 or 1370)
- Ulrich IV, Count of Württemberg (after 1315 - 1366)
- Ulrich von Jungingen (1360-1410), 26th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
- Ulrich II, Count of Celje (1406-1456)
- Ulrich I, Count of East Frisia (1408-1466)
- Ulrich III von Nussdorf, Bishop of Passau (r. 1451-1479)
- Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg (1413-1480)
- Ulrich II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard (probably before 1428 - 1471)
- Ulrich Fugger the Elder (1441-1510), German businessman and member of the Fugger family
- Ulrich Rülein von Calw (1465-1523), mayor of Freiberg, Saxony
- Ulrich of Hardegg (after 1483-1535), Count of Hardegg
- Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1535), leader of the Reformation in Switzerland
- Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (1487-1550)
- Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523), German scholar, poet and reformer
- Ulrich Hugwald (1496-1571), Swiss reformer
- Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg (1527-1603)
- Ulrik of Denmark (1578-1624), administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin
- Ulrich, Duke of Pomerania (1589-1622)
- Ulrik of Denmark (1611-1633), administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin
- Ulrich Grappler von Trappenburg, Bishop of Passau (r. 1646-1658)
- Ulrich, 10th Prince Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau (1893-1938), titular pretender
- Ulrich Daldrup (born 1947), mayor of Aachen and German scientist
- Ulrich Eberl (born 1962), German science and technology journalist
- Ulrich Graf (1878-1950), member of Hitler's inner circle
- Ulric Guttinguer (1785–1866), French novelist
- Ulrich Herbert (born 1951), German historian
- Ulrich Leyendecker (born 1946), German composer of contemporary classical music
- Ulrich Marida, Central African Republic basketball coach
- Ulrich Matthes (born 1959), German actor
- Ueli Maurer (b. 1950), Swiss politician
- Ulrich Mühe (1953-2007), German actor and director
- Ulrich Noethen (born 1959), German actor
- Ulrich Salchow (1877-1949), German figure skater and inventor of the salchow jump
- Ulrich Schmid-Maybach, philanthropist, real estate developer and entrepreneur
- Ulrich Schnauss (born 1977), German musician
- Ulrich Wilhelm Graf Schwerin von Schwanenfeld (1902-1944), a key conspirator in the failed 20 July plot to assassinate Hitler in 1944
- Ulrich Steinhilper (1918-2009), World War II Luftwaffe ace credited by some with the concept of word processing
- Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (1848-1931), German classical philologist
- Ulrich Wild (born 1969), American record producer
- Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946), more commonly known as Joachim von Ribbentrop, Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945
People with the surname
- Benjamin Ulrich (born 1988), German rugby union international
- Christian Ulrich (1836-1909), Austrian architect
- Donald Ulrich aka Don Rich (1941-1974) American country music musician
- Dutch Ulrich (1899-1929), American baseball player
- Edward Oscar Ulrich (1857-1944), American invertebrate paleontologist
- Eric Ulrich (born 1985), American politician from New York City
- Fernando Ulrich (born 1952), Portuguese economist and banking administrator
- Henry G. Ulrich III, United States Navy admiral who retired in 2007
- Jan Ullrich (born 1973), German race cyclist
- Jennifer Ulrich (born 1984), German actress
- Joe Ulrich (born 1961), American former soccer player
- Lars Ulrich (born 1963), Danish drummer for heavy metal band Metallica
- Laurel Thatcher Ulrich (born 1938), American historian and writer
- Richard Ulrich (born 1942), German board game designer
- Skeet Ulrich (born 1970), American actor
- Torben Ulrich (born 1928), Danish writer and tennis pro
- Tracy Ulrich (born 1966),aka Tracii Guns, guitarist and musician
- Werner Ulrich (born 1948), Swiss social scientist and practical philosopher
- William M. Ulrich (born ca. 1956), American management consultant
- Vladimir Ulrich (born 1948), German bohemist and writer
- Ulrich, the old sorcerer in the film Dragonslayer (1981)
- Ulrich, the protagonist of Robert Musil's 20th century novel The Man Without Qualities
- Ulrich Stern, a character on the French animated TV series Code Lyoko
- Ulrich von Bek, the hero of The War Hound and the World's Pain and other novels by Michael Moorcock
- Ulrich von Gradwitz, a character in Saki's short story "The Interlopers"
- Ulrich von Liechtenstein, an alias of Heath Ledger's character in the film A Knight's Tale
- Walter von Ulrich, one of the main characters in the novels Fall of Giants and Winter of the World by Welsh author Ken Follett
- Ulrich Wolfshead, warlord of the Nadir in David Gemmells Drenai tales.
- Maj. Ulrich Herzoff, alias used by Rex Harrison's character in Carol Reed's film Night Train to Munich
- Ulrich, an enemy appearing in Nintendo's Earthbound Beginnings.
- Ulrich Nielsen, a character in the German Netflix original series Dark.
- ^ Oadalrich (791, 808), Hoadalrich (805), Uadalricus (803), Uodalrich (Annales Alamannici), Udalrich (Annales Fuldenses)
E. Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1856), 980f.
- ^ Skálholtsbók; see Guðrún P. Helgadóttir, Hrafns Saga Sveinbjarnarsonar (1987), p. 87.
Zwingli's given name was Ulrich, but he used the latinized spelling Huldricus or Huldrychus Zwinglius beginning in the 1520s.
In his enrolement in the University of Vienna (1500), he still latinised his name as Udalricus Zwingling de Lichtensteig. (Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli : the reformer of German Switzerland (1900), p. 57.) His signature at the Marburg Colloquy (1529) was Huldrychus Zwinglius (Schuler, Schultess (eds.), Huldrici Zuinglii opera, 1830, p. 55).
- ^ e.g. Huldricus Mutius (Ulrich Hugwald), Huldricus Huttenus (Ulrich von Hutten), 'Hulrdicus Euchaustius, so in a 1776 edition of the acts of the Council of Trent.
- ^ behindthename.com (Ulrich)