Municipality and town
Location of the municipality and town of Ocaña, Norte de Santander in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
|Department||Norte de Santander Department|
|o Mayor||Miriam Prado Carrascal|
|o Total||672.27 km2 (259.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,202 m (3,944 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)|
|Area code(s)||57 + 7|
|Website||Official website (in Spanish)|
Ocaña is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Norte de Santander. Ocaña is the second largest populated center of this department. It played an important role during the Independence of Colombia from the Spanish monarchy.
The city was founded on 14 December of 1570 by Captain Francisco Fernández de Contreras, as part of the third populating project of the east, patronised by the Audiencia y Cabildo de Pamplona. The objective of the foundation was the opening of a route which would connect the urban centre Pamplona with the Caribbean Sea and the centre of the new kingdom. Given the geographic location of the settlement, the Audiencia de Santafé, presided over by Andrés Díaz Venero de Leiva, decided that the new town would fall under the jurisdiction of the province of Santa Maria, the governor of which was, at the time, Don Pedro Fernández del Busto. The name Ocaña was given to the new town to honour Fernández del Busto, who was born in Ocaña, Spain. The native peoples in the region were those traditionally called Hacaritamas and those called Cultura Mosquito (Mosquito Culture) or Bajomagdalenense.
The main economic activities are agriculture, the livestock raising, commerce, small industries and mining, with silver operation, copper and iron. The city is served by the Aguas Claras airport.