Ocana, Norte De Santander
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Ocana, Norte De Santander

Ocaña
Municipality and town
Plazaocaña.JPG
Flag of Ocaña
Flag
Official seal of Ocaña
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Ocaña, Norte de Santander in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Ocaña, Norte de Santander in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Ocaña is located in Colombia
Ocaña
Ocaña
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 8°14?N 73°21?W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350
Country Colombia
DepartmentNorte de Santander Department
Founded1570
Incorporated1857
Government
 o MayorMiriam Prado Carrascal
Area
 o Total672.27 km2 (259.56 sq mi)
Elevation
1,202 m (3,944 ft)
Population
(2019 est.)
 o Total101,158[1]
Demonym(s)Ocañero
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
Area code(s)57 + 7
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Ocaña is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Norte de Santander. Ocaña is the second largest populated center of this department. It played an important role during the Independence of Colombia from the Spanish monarchy.

History

The city was founded on 14 December of 1570 by Captain Francisco Fernández de Contreras, as part of the third populating project of the east, patronised by the Audiencia y Cabildo de Pamplona. The objective of the foundation was the opening of a route which would connect the urban centre Pamplona with the Caribbean Sea and the centre of the new kingdom. Given the geographic location of the settlement, the Audiencia de Santafé, presided over by Andrés Díaz Venero de Leiva, decided that the new town would fall under the jurisdiction of the province of Santa Maria, the governor of which was, at the time, Don Pedro Fernández del Busto. The name Ocaña was given to the new town to honour Fernández del Busto, who was born in Ocaña, Spain. The native peoples in the region were those traditionally called Hacaritamas and those called Cultura Mosquito (Mosquito Culture) or Bajomagdalenense.

Geography and climate

  1. Location: 8°14?N 73°21?W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350. The city of Ocaña is 610 km from Bogotá.
  2. Surface: 460 km2, 2.2% of the North Santander Department total area
  3. Height: 1,202 meters on the level of the sea Ocaña are on the Andean Eastern mountain range. The 2,600 mountains surround that reach msnm. Its average temperature is 22 °C.

Economy

The main economic activities are agriculture, the livestock raising, commerce, small industries and mining, with silver operation, copper and iron. The city is served by the Aguas Claras airport.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Estimaciones de Población 1985 - 2005 y Proyecciones de Población 2005 - 2020 Total Municipal por Área (estimate)". DANE. Retrieved 2016.

Coordinates: 8°14?N 73°21?W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ocana,_Norte_de_Santander
 



 



 
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