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View over Oberhausen
View over Oberhausen
Flag of Oberhausen
Coat of arms of Oberhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Oberhausen
Oberhausen is located in Germany
Oberhausen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°29?48?N 06°52?14?E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056Coordinates: 51°29?48?N 06°52?14?E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
 o Lord MayorDaniel Schranz (CDU)
 o Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
78 m (256 ft)
 o Total210,829
 o Density2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationOB
WebsiteCity of Oberhausen (de)

Oberhausen (,[2][3][4]German: ['o:b?ha?zn?] ) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.


Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten")[5] was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973, Thyssen AG employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.[6]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.


Population development since 1862:

The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:[8]

<18 years 15.6%
18-64 years 63.3%
>64 years 21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.[9]

The unemployment rate is 10.0% (Dec 2015).[10]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen by 31.12.2017:

 Turkey 8,560
 Syria 2,315
 Serbia 2,090
 Italy 2,005
 Poland 1,840


International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Oberhausen is twinned with:[11]

Notable residents

Born before 1935

Born after 1935


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Powell, A.R. (9-10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2009.
  6. ^ John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ Link
  8. ^ "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  9. ^ "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "Oberhausen - statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Ratsangelegenheiten: Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen" (in German). Büro für Interkultur, Stadt Oberhausen. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Town Twinning". Middlesbrough Council. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ - ?. [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). ? ? . Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 2013.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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