O (Cyrillic)
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O Cyrillic

O (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

O commonly represents the close-mid back rounded vowel /o/, like the pronunciation of ⟨o⟩ in Scottish English "go".

History

The Cyrillic letter O was derived from the Greek letter Omicron (? ?).

Form

Modern fonts

In modern-style typefaces, the Cyrillic letter O looks exactly like the Latin letter O ⟨O o⟩ and the Greek letter Omicron ⟨? ?⟩.

Church Slavonic printed fonts and Slavonic manuscripts

Historical typefaces (like poluustav (semi-uncial), a standard font style for the Church Slavonic typography) and old manuscripts represent several additional glyph variants of Cyrillic O, both for decorative and orthographic (sometimes also "hieroglyphic"[1]) purposes, namely:

  • broad variant (?/?), used mostly as a word initial letter (see Broad On for more details);
  • narrow variant, being used now in Synodal Church Slavonic editions as the first element of digraph Oy/oy (see Uk (Cyrillic) for more details), and in the editions of Old Believers for unstressed "o" as well;
  • variant with a cross inside (Crossed O), ?, used in certain manuscripts as the initial letter of words ? 'around, nearby' (the root of this Slavonic word, , means 'cross') and 'district, neighbourhood' with their derivatives;
  • "eyed" variant (Monocular O) with a dot inside (?/?), used in certain manuscripts in spelling of word 'eye' and its derivatives. In many other texts, including the birchbark letters, the monocular O was not used as a hieroglyph but largely as a synonym of Broad On signalling the word-initial position;
  • "two-eyed" variants (Binocular O) with two dots inside (?/? or ?/?), also double "O" without dots inside were used in certain manuscripts in spelling of dual/plural forms of the words with the same root 'eye';
  • "many-eyed" variant (Multiocular O), ?, used in certain manuscripts in spelling of the same root when embedded into word 'many-eyed' (an attribute of seraphs).

Usage

In Russian, O is used word-initially, after another vowel, and after non-palatalized consonants. Because of a vowel reduction processes, the Russian /o/ phoneme may have a number of pronunciations in unstressed syllables, including [?] and [?].

In Macedonian the letter represents the sound /?/.

In Tuvan the Cyrillic letter can be written as a double vowel.[2][3]

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview О о
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1054 U+041E 1086 U+043E
UTF-8 208 158 D0 9E 208 190 D0 BE
Numeric character reference О О о о
Named character reference О о
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 239 EF 207 CF
Code page 855 215 D7 214 D6
Windows-1251 206 CE 238 EE
ISO-8859-5 190 BE 222 DE
Macintosh Cyrillic 142 8E 238 EE

Exotic glyph variants of Cyrillic O are available only in Unicode:[4][5][6][7][8]

  • broad ?/?:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ROUND OMEGA: U+047A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ROUND OMEGA: U+047B
  • narrow ? does not just represent itself, but also used in digraph Oy/oy:
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER NARROW O: U+1C82
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UK: U+0478 (deprecated in favor of combination of Cyrillic letters ? and ?, U+041E U+0443)
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UK: U+0479 (deprecated in favor of combination of Cyrillic letters ? and ?, U+043E U+0443 or U+1C82 U+0443)
  • with a cross inside (?/?):
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CROSSED O: U+A69A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CROSSED O: U+A69B
  • doubled ?/?:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DOUBLE O: U+A698
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DOUBLE O: U+A699
  • eyed ?/?:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER MONOCULAR O: U+A668
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER MONOCULAR O: U+A669
  • two-eyed (?/?, ?/?):
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BINOCULAR O: U+A66A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BINOCULAR O: U+A66B
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O: U+A66C
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O: U+A66D
  • many-eyed ?:
    • CYRILLIC LETTER MULTIOCULAR O: U+A66E
  • combining O for Church Slavonic abbreviations (as = '(Holy) Trinity'):
    • COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER O: 2DEA

References

  1. ^ ?, ? (1979). ? . Moscow.
  2. ^ "Tuvan language, alphabet and pronunciation". omniglot.com. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (24 July 2013). "Compendium of the World's Languages". Routledge. Retrieved 2016 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Cyrillic: Range: 0400-04FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. p. 4. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-A: Range: 2DE0-2DFF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. p. 3. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-B: Range: A640-A69F" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. p. 3. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-C: Range: 1C80-1C8F" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. p. 3. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Church Slavonic Typography in Unicode" (PDF). Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons. 2015. p. 13. Retrieved .

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

O_(Cyrillic)
 



 



 
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