Nung Language (Tai)
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Nung Language Tai
Nùng
Native toVietnam
EthnicityNung
Native speakers
968,800 (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
nut
Glottolognung1283
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Nùng is a Tai-Kadai language spoken mostly in Cao B?ng and L?ng S?n provinces in Vietnam. It is also known as Bu-Nong, Highland Nùng, Nong, Tai Nùng, Tay, and Tày Nùng. Nùng is the name given to the various Tai languages of northern Vietnam that are spoken by peoples classified as Nùng by the Vietnamese government.

In the 1999 census, it had about 856,000 speakers. It had about 968,800 speakers in the 2009 census.

Phonology

The following are the sounds of the Nùng language:[2]

Consonants

Phoneme Allophone
/k?/ [k?]
/w/ [u?]
/j/ [i?]
/j?/ [], [?]

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i i: ? ?: u u:
High-mid e: o:
Mid ?:
Low-mid ? ?:
Low æ æ: a a:
Phoneme Allophone Notes
/e:/ [e?] in closed syllables
/æ/ [?]
/?/ [?]
/?:/ [?:]
/?:/ [?] in closed syllables
/u:/ [u?] before /n/
/o:/ [o?] before /n/
/?:/ [?]
/?/ [] before /?/

Tone

The Nùng language has six tones:

Tones
á ?
a ?
à ?
a?
á+glottal
à+glottal

Varieties

Nùng consists of many varieties, some of which are listed below.[3][4]

Nùng Vên (En), a language formerly undistinguished from surrounding Central Tai (Nùng) dialects, was discovered to be a Kra language by Hoàng V?n Ma and Jerold A. Edmondson in 1998. Its speakers are classified as Nùng by the Vietnamese government.

References

  1. ^ Nùng at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Saul, Janice E.; Wilson, Nancy Freiberger (1980). Nung Grammar. Summer Institute of Linguistics: Publications in Linguistics, 62: Dallas: The Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington. pp. 5-13.CS1 maint: location (link)
  3. ^ Edmondson, Jerold A., Solnit, David B. (eds). 1997. Comparative Kadai: the Tai branch. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  4. ^ http://ling.uta.edu/~jerry/research/map.html
  5. ^ http://www.vnafmamn.com/dalat_lostshangrila.html
  • Freiberger, Nancy; Vy Th? Bé (1976a). S?c m?hn Sl? Nohng F?n Slihng: Ng? v?ng Nùng Ph?n Slinh (Nung Fan Slihng Vocabulary). Series 64 E72. Summer Institute of Linguistics (Vi?n Chuyên Kh?o Ng? H?c).
  • Freiberger, Nancy (1976b). Thòi c? c?hn Nohng F?n Slihng: Phong t?c t?p quán c?a ngi Nùng Ph?n Slinh (Culture and Folklore of the Nung Fan Slihng). Series 64 E16. Summer Institute of Linguistics (Vi?n Chuyên Kh?o Ng? H?c), Mainland Southeast Asia Branch.
  • Vy Th? Bé; Janice E. Saul; Nancy Freiberger Wilson (1982). Nung Fan Slihng - English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics (Vi?n Chuyên Kh?o Ng? H?c).

See also


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Nung_language_(Tai)
 



 



 
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