Northern Vietnam
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Northern Vietnam
Regions of Vietnam.

Northern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Mi?n B?c) is one of the three geographical regions within Vietnam.

Of the three geographical regions, the oldest is Northern Vietnam, where the Vietnamese culture originated over 2,000 years ago in the Red River Delta, though Vietnamese people eventually spread south into the Mekong Delta.


Northern Vietnam includes 3 administrative regions, which in turn comprises 25 First Tier units.

Northern Vietnam
Administrative Region First Tier Administrative Units Area (km²) Population (2019)[1] Population Density
(people/ km²)
Northeast (?ông B?c B?)

B?c Giang
B?c K?n
Cao B?ng
Hà Giang
L?ng S?n
Phú Th?
Qu?ng Ninh
Thái Nguyên
Tuyên Quang

50,684.10 9,425,741 169.05 contains most of the mountainous provinces that lie to north of the highly populated Red River lowlands. Four of them are along Vietnam's border with China.
Northwest (Tây B?c B?)

?i?n Biên
Hòa Bình
Lai Châu
Lào Cai
S?n La
Yên Bái

44,301.10 4,720,270 100.37 contains inland provinces in the west of Vietnam's northern part. Three of them are along Vietnam's border with Laos, and two border China (Dien Bien borders both China and Laos).
Red River Delta (ng B?ng Sông H?ng)

B?c Ninh
Hà Nam
Hà N?i +
H?i Dng
H?i Phòng +
H?ng Yên
Nam nh
Ninh Bình
Thái Bình
V?nh Phúc

14,957.70 22,785,750 1,318.00 contains the small but populous provinces along the mouth of the Red River. The Red River Delta has the smallest area but highest population and population density of all regions. It is also the only region without any land borders with neighboring countries.

^+ Municipality (thành ph? tr?c thu?c trung ng)

Of all 25 First Tier units, 2 are municipalities and 23 are provinces.


  1. ^ General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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