Northern United States
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Northern United States
Northern United States
The states shown in red are included in the general term Northern United States.
The states shown in red are included in the general term Northern United States.
Country United States
States Connecticut

 New Hampshire
 New Jersey
 New York
 Rhode Island

 o Total625,897.06 sq mi (1,621,065.9 km2)
 o Land540,298.08 sq mi (1,399,365.6 km2)
(2019 est.)[2]
 o Total111,736,936
 o Density180/sq mi (69/km2)

The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North, the Northern States, or simply the North, is a geographical or historical region of the United States.

Geographic term

Geographically, the term includes the U.S. states and regions of the United States of America that are located across the northernmost part of the country. It includes, but is not limited to, states along the Canada-United States border.

Census Bureau

The United States Census Bureau divides some of the northernmost United States into the Midwest Region and the Northeast Region.[3] The Census Bureau also includes the northernmost states of the Northwest, that are within the West Region.[3]

Historical term

Before 19th-century westward expansion, the "Northern United States" corresponded to the present day New England region. By the 1830s it corresponded to the present day Northeast.

Before 1865, the North was distinguished from the South on the issue of slavery. In Southern states, slavery was legal until the ratification of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1865. Northern states had all passed some form of legislation to abolish slavery by 1804. However, abolition did not mean freedom for some existing slaves. Due to gradual abolition laws, slaves would still appear in some Northern states as far as the 1840 United States Census.[4] Slavery would ultimately lead to the main cause of the American Civil War.

American Civil War

Map of the division of the states in the American Civil War (1861-1865). Blue (the U.S. Army's uniform color) indicates the northern Union states; light blue represents four Union states that permitted slavery (border states) and anti-slavery West Virginia. Red represents southern seceded states in rebellion, also known as the Confederate States of America.

During the American Civil War, the Northern United States was composed of the U.S. states that supported the United States of America, the Union states. In this context, "The North" is synonymous with the Union. In this context, "The South" is composed of the states that attempted secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America. However, which states comprised "The North" in this context can be the subject of historical disagreement. Five slave-holding states, called the Border states, that remained with the Union - Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland and Delaware (along with the disputed Indian Territory) - may be excluded.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. pp. V-2, 1 & 41 (Tables 1 & 18). Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019 (NST-EST2019-alldata)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 26, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-07. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Klein, Christopher. (Feb 5, 2019). Deeper Roots of Northern Slavery Unearthed - HISTORY. Retrieved Jul 28, 2020.
  5. ^ "the North (region, United States)". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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