Nikk%C5%8D, Tochigi
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Nikk%C5%8D, Tochigi
Nikk?

Nikko City Hall
Nikko City Hall
Flag of Nikk?
Flag
Official seal of Nikk?
Seal
Location of Nikk? in Tochigi Prefecture
Location of Nikk? in Tochigi Prefecture
Nikk? is located in Japan
Nikk?
Nikk?
 
Coordinates: 36°43?11.4?N 139°41?53.4?E / 36.719833°N 139.698167°E / 36.719833; 139.698167Coordinates: 36°43?11.4?N 139°41?53.4?E / 36.719833°N 139.698167°E / 36.719833; 139.698167
CountryJapan
RegionKant?
PrefectureTochigi Prefecture
Government
 o MayorKazuo Oshima <?> (from April 2018)
Area
 o Total1,449.83 km2 (559.78 sq mi)
Population
(May 2015)
 o Total84,197
 o Density58.1/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeBetula platyphylla, Autumn leaf color
- FlowerRhododendron, Hemerocallidoideae
- BirdCettia diphone, Alcedo atthis
Phone number0288-22-1111
Address1 Imaichi Honch?, Nikk?-shi, Tochigi-ken 321-1292
Websitehttp://www.city.nikko.lg.jp/

Nikk? (, Nikk?-shi, IPA: [?i?kko:?i]) is a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 84,197, and a population density of 58.1 persons per km2. Its total area is 1,449.83 km2. It is a popular destination for Japanese and international tourists. Attractions include the mausoleum of sh?gun Tokugawa Ieyasu (Nikk? T?sh?-g?) and that of his grandson Iemitsu (Iemitsu-by? Taiy?-in), and the Futarasan Shrine, which dates to the year 767. There are also many famous hot springs (onsen) in the area. Elevations range from 200 to 2,000 m.[1] The Japanese saying "Never say 'kekk?' until you've seen Nikk?"--kekk? meaning beautiful, magnificent or "I am satisfied"--is a reflection of the beauty and sites in Nikk?.[2][3]

Geography

downtown Nikk? city

Nikk? covers a large area (1,449.83 km²) of rural northwestern Tochigi approximately 140 km north of Tokyo and 35 km west of Utsunomiya, the capital of Tochigi Prefecture. It is the third-largest city (by area) in Japan, behind Takayama and Hamamatsu.

Both the Watarase River and the Kinugawa River pass through the city. Lake Ch?zenji and the Kegon Falls lie in Nikk?, as does the Nikko Botanical Garden. The city's many mountains and waterfalls have made it an important source of hydroelectric power. The area has also been used for mining copper, aluminum and concrete.

The weather in Nikk? is fairly similar to that of the northern island of Hokkaid?, even though Nikk? is much closer to Tokyo than Hokkaid?. The elevation of Nikk? plays an important role in this fact. It will usually get cooler as one ascends the mountain. The average temperature of Nikk? is around 7 °C (44 °F)[4] with the warmest months reaching only about 22 °C (72 °F)[5] and the coldest reaching down to about -8 °C (17 °F).[6]

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Nikk? experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold, snowy winters and predominantly mild, very wet summers. Nikk? is much cooler than nearby parts of Honshu because it is situated at an altitude of 1298m above sea level.

Climate data for Nikk?, Tochigi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) -0.6
(30.9)
-0.5
(31.1)
2.8
(37.0)
9.8
(49.6)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
21.1
(70.0)
22.4
(72.3)
18.1
(64.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.0
(46.4)
2.7
(36.9)
10.7
(51.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) -4.4
(24.1)
-4.3
(24.3)
-1.4
(29.5)
4.9
(40.8)
9.8
(49.6)
13.4
(56.1)
17.4
(63.3)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
8.5
(47.3)
3.7
(38.7)
-1.3
(29.7)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) -8.4
(16.9)
-8.2
(17.2)
-5.7
(21.7)
-0.1
(31.8)
4.7
(40.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.0
(57.2)
15.1
(59.2)
11.2
(52.2)
4.5
(40.1)
-0.4
(31.3)
-5.2
(22.6)
2.6
(36.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.9
(1.89)
68.2
(2.69)
94.4
(3.72)
151.5
(5.96)
167.1
(6.58)
245.3
(9.66)
249.8
(9.83)
382.2
(15.05)
336.6
(13.25)
184.3
(7.26)
101.9
(4.01)
45.4
(1.79)
1,824.8
(71.84)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 44
(17)
57
(22)
62
(24)
15
(5.9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
29
(11)
215
(83)
Average relative humidity (%) 65 66 67 71 74 85 87 86 86 79 71 66 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 178.5 162.1 194.1 175.9 184.1 109.9 114.5 136.7 98.6 134.1 155.0 174.7 1,818.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[7]

History

1901 map of the city.

Sh?d? Sh?nin (?) established the temple of Rinn?-ji in 766, followed by the temple of Ch?zen-ji in 784. The village of Nikk? developed around these temples. The shrine of Nikk? T?sh?-g? was completed in 1617 and became a major draw of visitors to the area during the Edo period. It is known as the burial place of the famous Japanese sh?gun Tokugawa Ieyasu. A number of new roads were built during this time to provide easier access to Nikk? from surrounding regions. Nikk? T?sh?-g?, Futarasan Shrine, and Rinn?-ji now form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikk?.

During the Meiji period, Nikk? developed as a mountain resort, and became particularly popular among foreign visitors to Japan. The Japanese National Railways began service to Nikk? in 1890 with the Nikk? Line, followed by Tobu Railway in 1929 with its Nikk? Line.

Nikk? was incorporated as a town in 1889 (part of Kamitsuga District). It was upgraded to city status in 1954 after merging with the neighboring village of Okorogawa.

On March 20, 2006, Nikk? absorbed the old city of Imaichi, the town of Ashio (from Kamitsuga District), the town of Fujihara, and the village of Kuriyama (both from Shioya District), to create what is officially the new and expanded city of Nikk?. The new city hall is located at the former Imaichi City Hall; the former Nikk? City Hall is now known as Nikk? City Hall-Nikk? Satellite Office.

Economy

Nikk? is heavily dependent on tourism to its historical and scenic sites and hot spring resorts. Hydroelectric power production, food processing, and the metals industry remain important components of the economy.

Education

Nikko has 23 primary schools, 15 middle schools and three high schools.

High schools:

Transportation

The Shinkyo bridge, one of the symbols of Nikko.

Railway

Highway

Local attractions

Three wise monkeys.
(from left) Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil
True Light Church, built 1916

Sports

Nikk? Kirifuri skate center

Nikk? is the home city to the Nikk? Ice Bucks in the Asia League Ice Hockey. Nikk? Kirifuri Ice Arena hosted the Women's Ice Hockey World Championships (Division I) in April 2007.

There is also a speed skating oval.

Sister city relations

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Nikko City/Location, Topography & History of Nikko City". Nikko City. Archived from the original on 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ Lohn, Steve (11 September 1983). "Shrine of the Shogun". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Nikko/Aizu - Challenging". okatours.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-09. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "NIKKO, 24-hr Average Temperature". worldclimate.com.
  5. ^ "NIKKO, Average Maximum Temperature". worldclimate.com.
  6. ^ "NIKKO, Average Minimum Temperature". worldclimate.com.
  7. ^ "Nikk? Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "About Kanmangafuchi Abyss - Nikko Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Kirkup, James. "Obituary: Masaru Ibuka," Independent (London). December 22, 1997.
  10. ^ [1] Baseball-reference.com
  11. ^ [2] Official home page (in Japanese)
  12. ^ official home page(in Japanese)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Nikk%C5%8D,_Tochigi
 



 



 
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