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Ngadha (also known as Ngada or Ngad'a) is an Austronesian language, one of six languages spoken in the central stretch of the Indonesian island of Flores. From west to east these languages are: Ngadha, Nage, Keo, Ende, Lio, and Palu'e. These languages form the proposed Central Flores group of the Sumba-Flores languages, according to Blust (2009).
Ngadha is the only language reported to have a retroflex implosive /? /.
Ngadha is "bizarre" because it has no prefixes nor suffixes at all. This "strangely streamlined language" is thought by linguist John McWhorter to have originated when "little people" were "subjugated" into the Austronesian population. McWhorter (2006) speculates this rare linguistic transformation would have occurred to the ancestor of Ngadha and the related Keo and Rongga languages. Nonetheless, in basic vocabulary, such as body parts, numbers, and action verbs, Ngadha has kept 94 out of a list of 247 lexical items of the Proto-Malayo-Polynesian language.
- ^ Ngad'a at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Eastern Ngad'a at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ngad'a". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Ngad'a". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- ^ Rongga Documentation Project, Australian National University.
- ^ Robert Blust, 2009. "Is there a Bima-Sumba subgroup?" In Oceanic Linguistics
- ^ Djawanai, Stephanus. (1977). A description of the basic phonology of Nga'da and the treatment of borrowings. NUSA linguistic studies in Indonesian and languages in Indonesia, 5, 10-18.
- ^ a b c John McWhorter, What We Believe but Cannot Prove, pp. 68-70 (ed. Ian McEwan) (Harper 2006).
- ^ "Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database, Language: Ngadha". language.psy.auckland.ac.nz. Retrieved 2012.