Ng%C4%81ti Porou
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Ng%C4%81ti Porou
Ng?ti Porou
Iwi (tribe) in M?oridom
NgatiPorou.png
Rohe (region)East Cape and Gisborne region
Waka (canoe)Horouta
Population71,049[1]
Websitewww.ngatiporou.iwi.nz

Ng?ti Porou is a M?ori iwi traditionally located in the East Cape and Gisborne regions of the North Island of New Zealand. Ng?ti Porou is affiliated with the 28th Maori Battalion and has the second-largest affiliation of any iwi in New Zealand, with 71,910 registered members in 2006.[2] The traditional rohe or tribal area of Ng?ti Porou extends from P?tikirua and Lottin Point in the north to Te Toka-a-Taiau (a rock that used to sit in the mouth of Gisborne harbour) in the south.[3]

Mt Hikurangi features prominently in Ng?ti Porou traditions as a symbol of endurance and strength, and holds tapu status. In these traditions, Hikurangi is often personified. Ng?ti Porou traditions indicate that Hikurangi was the first point to surface when M?ui fished up the North Island from beneath the ocean. His canoe, the Nuku-tai-memeha, is said to have been wrecked there. The Waiapu River also features in Ng?ti Porou traditions.[4][5]

History

Ng?ti Porou paepae p?taka (threshold of a storehouse) in the Waiapu Valley

Pre-European history

Ng?ti Porou takes its name from the ancestor Porourangi, also known as Porou Ariki.[6] He was a direct descendant of Toi-kai-r?kau. Other ancestors include M?ui, accredited in oral tradition with raising the North Island from the sea, and Paikea, the whale rider.[4][5]

Although Ng?ti Porou claim the Nukutaimemeha as their foundation canoe, many Ng?ti Porou ancestors arrived on different canoes, including Horouta, T?kitimu and Tereanini. The descendants of Porourangi and Toi formed groups that spread across the East Cape through conquest and through strategic marriage alliances.[4][5]

Associations with other iwi also arise through direct descent from Ng?ti Porou ancestors:

  • Kahungunu, descending from Ueroa, second son of Porourangi, is the founding ancestor of Ng?ti Kahungunu, who occupy the region south of the Ng?ti Porou tribal boundaries.
  • Taua, descended from Kahungunu, is a prominent ancestor in Te Wh?nau-?-Apanui genealogy.[]
  • Ng?ti Raukawa and the Tainui iwi have association through Rongomaianiwaniwa, daughter of Porourangi, and the marriage of the ancestress M?hinaarangi to T?rongo.
  • Ngai Tahu traditions also indicate descent from both Porourangi and from Tahup?tiki, younger-brother to the former.[4][5]

Colonial history

Wharenui (meeting house) in Waiomatatini, 1896, named Porourangi after the ancestor Ng?ti Porou derive their name from.[7]

The early 19th century saw Ng?ti Porou in conflict with Ng? Puhi during the latter's campaign of warfare throughout the North Island. This period also saw the introduction of Christianity to the region, which led to a period of relative calm and cultural development. Ng?ti Porou chiefs were also signatories to the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Ng?ti Porou experienced substantial economic growth during the 1850s.[4][5]

During the 1860s, the Pai M?rire religious movement spread through the North Island, and eventually came into conflict with the New Zealand Government. From 1865-1870, a civil war emerged within Ng?ti Porou, between Pai M?rire converts seeking the creation of an independent M?ori state (supported by Pai M?rire from other regions) and other Ng?ti Porou advocating tribal sovereignty and independence. This conflict is generally viewed as part of the East Cape War.[4][5]

Modern history

Ng?ti Porou once again enjoyed peace and economic prosperity during the late 19th century. The 1890s saw the emergence of Sir ?pirana Ngata, who contributed greatly to the revitalisation of the M?ori people. During the early 20th century, the population of Ng?ti Porou increased substantially. They were active in their participation in both World Wars.[4][5]

After World War II, large numbers of Ng?ti Porou began emigrating from traditional tribal lands and moving into larger urban areas, in a trend reflected throughout New Zealand. A large portion of the tribal population now lives in Auckland and Wellington.[4][5]

Hap? and marae

Potikirua ki Waiapu

The Potikirua ki Waiapu rohe includes these hap?:

  • Ng?i Tamakoro, of Tutua marae in Te Araroa
  • Ng?i T?ne, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Ng?ti Hokop?, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Ng?ti Kahu, of Punaruku marae in Hicks Bay
  • Ng?ti Nua, of Hinepare maraein Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Ng?ti Putaanga of Kaiwaka marae in Tikitiki, and Putaanga marae in Tikitiki
  • Ng?ti Tuere of Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika marae in Hicks Bay, Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, and Tutua marae in Te Araroa
  • Te Wh?nau a Hinepare, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, Awatere marae in Te Araroa, Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, Hurae marae in Te Araroa, Kaiwaka marae in Tikitiki, and R?hui marae in North Tikitiki
  • Te Wh?nau a Hunaara, of Matah? o Te Tau marae in Horoera, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Te Wh?nau a Karuai, of Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, Karuai marae in Tikitiki, and Waiomatatini marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Wh?nau a R?kaimataura, of R?hui marae in North Tikitiki
  • Te Wh?nau a Rerewa, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Te Wh?nau a Takimoana, of ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
  • Te Wh?nau a Tapuaeururangi, of P?taka marae in P?taka
  • Te Wh?nau a Tapuhi, of Taumata o Tapuhi in Rangitukia
  • Te Wh?nau a Te Aotak? Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika, of T?whakairiora in Hicks Bay
  • Te Wh?nau a Te Uruahi Tinatoka, of Te Poho o Tinatoka in Tikitiki
  • Te Whanau a Tinatoka Tinatoka, of Te Poho o Tinatoka in Tikitiki
  • Te Wh?nau a Tuwhakairiora, of Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika marae in Hicks Bay, and Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa[3]

Waiapu ki Tawhiti

The Waiapu ki Tawhiti rohe includes these hap?:

  • Ng?i Taharora Taharora, of Taharora marae in Waipiro Bay
  • Ng?i Tangihaere, of Kariaka marae in Ruat?ria, Ruataupare marae in Ruat?ria, and Whareponga marae in Ruat?ria
  • Ng?ti Horowai, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui
  • Ng?ti Rangi, of Reporua marae in Ruat?ria
  • Ng?ti Uep?hatu, of Mangahanea marae in Ruat?ria, Uep?hatu marae in Ruat?ria, and Umuariki marae in T?p?roa
  • Te Aitanga a Materoa, of Hiruh?rama marae, Penu marae in Makarika, Rongohaere marae in Ruat?ria, and Whareponga marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Aowera, of Hiruh?rama marae, and Te Aowera marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Wh?nau a Hineauta, of Tikapa marae
  • Te Wh?nau a Hinekehu, of Kariaka marae and Rauru marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Wh?nau a Hinetapora, of Mangahanea marae in Ruat?ria, and Te Heapera marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Wh?nau a Iritekura Iritekura, of Iritekura marae in Waipiro Bay
  • Te Wh?nau a Mahaki, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui
  • Te Wh?nau a P?kai, of Tikapa marae
  • Te Wh?nau a R?kaihoea K?k?riki, of R?kaihoea marae in Waiomatatini
  • Te Wh?nau a R?kairoa, of Akuaku, Kie Kie marae in Waipiro Bay, and Rongohaere marae in Ruat?ria
  • Te Wh?nau a Te Haemata, of Kie Kie marae in Waipiro Bay
  • Te Whanau a Ruataupare ki Tuparoa
  • Te Wh?nau a Umuariki, of Umuariki marae in T?p?roa
  • Te Wh?nau a Uruhonea, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui[3]

Tawhiti ki Rototahe

The Tawhiti ki Rototahe rohe includes these hap?:

  • Ng?i Tutekohi Hauiti, of Ruakapanga marae in Tolaga Bay
  • Ng?ti Hau, of Hinetamatea marae in Anaura Bay
  • Ng?ti Ira, of ?kur? marae in Tolaga Bay, and Tuatini marae in Tokomaru Bay
  • Ng?ti Kahukuranui, of Hauiti marae, Hinemaurea ki Mangatuna marae and ?kur? marae in Tolaga Bay
  • Ng?ti Patu Whare, of Te Rawheoro marae in Tolaga Bay
  • Ng?ti Wakarara, of Hinetamatea marae in Tokomaru Bay
  • Te Aitanga a Hauiti, of Hauiti marae and Te Rawheoro marae in Tolaga Bay
  • Te Wh?nau a Ruataupare ki Tokomaru, of Pakirikiri marae, Tuatini marae and Waiparapara marae in Tokomaru Bay
  • Te Wh?nau a Te Aotawarirangi, of Te Ariuru marae in Tokomaru Bay
  • Te Wh?nau a Te Rangipureora, of Puketawai marae in Tolaga Bay[3]

Rototahe ki Te Toka a Taiau

The Rototahe ki Te Toka a Taiau rohe includes these hap?:

  • Ng?ti Konohi, of Te Poho o Rawiri marae in Kait?, and Wh?ng?r? marae
  • Ng?ti Oneone, of Te Poho o Rawiri marae in Kait?[3]

Governance

Te R?nanga o Ng?ti Porou was established in 1987 to be the tribal authority of the iwi. It is organised into a wh?nau and hap? development branch, economic development branch, and a corporate services branch, and aims to maintain the financial, physical and spiritual assets of the tribe.[8] The common law trust is overseen by a board, with two representatives from each of the seven ancestral zones. As of 2018, the trust is based in Gisborne, and is chaired by Selwyn Parata, with Herewini Te Koha as both chief executive and general manager.[3]

The trust administers Treaty of Waitangi settlements under the Ngati Porou Claims Settlement Act, represents the iwi under the M?ori Fisheries Act, and is the official iwi authority for resource consent consultation under the Resource Management Act. Its rohe is contained within the territory of Gisborne District Council, which is both a regional and district council.[3]

Media

Radio Ng?ti Porou

Radio Ng?ti Porou is the official station of Ng?ti Porou. It is based in Ruatoria and broadcasts on 89.3 FM in Tikitiki, 90.5 FM at Tolaga Bay, 93.3 FM in Gisborne, 98.1 FM in Ruatoria, and 105.3 FM at Hicks Bay.[9][10]

Notable people


References

  1. ^ "2013 Census iwi individual profiles: Ng?ti Porou". www.stats.govt.nz. Stats NZ. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "2006 Census - QuickStats About M?ori (revised)". Statistics New Zealand. 2007-04-04. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "TKM Ng?ti Porou". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni K?kiri, New Zealand Government. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Mahuika AT (1993-05-25). "History: Porourangi & Ng?ti Porou". Te R?nanga o Ng?ti Porou. Archived from the original on 2006-12-11. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Reedy, Tamati Muturangi (2006-12-21). "Ng?ti Porou". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2007-04-30. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Ngata, Apirana Turupa; Te Hurinui, Pei (1970). Nga moteatea: he maramara rere no nga waka maha, he mea kohikohi na A.T. Ngata; na Pei Te Hurinui i whakapakeha. 3. The Polynesian Society. p. 323. Retrieved . That line traces out to Porou-rangi, whose (original?) name was Porou-ariki te mata-tara-a-whare, and Te Tuhi-marei-kura of Rauru.
  7. ^ Reedy, Tamati Muturangi (24 September 2011). "Ng?ti Porou: Porourangi whare, Waiomatatini". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Manat? Taonga | Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ Te R?nanga o Ng?ti Porou mission statement at the Wayback Machine (archived 2008-01-17)
  9. ^ "Radio Ngati Porou". Radio Ngati Porou. RNP. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Iwi Radio Coverage" (PDF). maorimedia.co.nz. M?ori Media Network. 2007. Retrieved 2015.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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