|Unit system||SI derived unit|
|Named after||Sir Isaac Newton|
|SI base units||1 kg?m?s-2|
|CGS units||105 dyn|
|Imperial units||0.224809 lbf|
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force. It is defined as 1 kg?m/s2, the force which gives a mass of 1 kilogram an acceleration of 1 metre per second per second. It is named after Isaac Newton in recognition of his work on classical mechanics, specifically Newton's second law of motion.
A newton is defined as 1 kg?m/s2 (it is a derived unit which is defined in terms of the SI base units). One newton is therefore the force needed to accelerate one kilogram of mass at the rate of one metre per second squared in the direction of the applied force. The units "metre per second squared" can be understood as a change in velocity per time, i.e. an increase of velocity by 1 metre per second every second.
In 1946, Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures (CGPM) Resolution 2 standardized the unit of force in the MKS system of units to be the amount needed to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at the rate of 1 metre per second squared. In 1948, the 9th CGPM Resolution 7 adopted the name newton for this force. The MKS system then became the blueprint for today's SI system of units. The newton thus became the standard unit of force in the Système international d'unités (SI), or International System of Units.
The newton is named after Isaac Newton. As with every SI unit named for a person, its symbol starts with an upper case letter (N), but when written in full it follows the rules for capitalisation of a common noun; i.e., "newton" becomes capitalised at the beginning of a sentence and in titles, but is otherwise in lower case.
At average gravity on Earth (conventionally, ), a kilogram mass exerts a force of about 9.8 newtons. An average-sized apple exerts about one newton of force at Earth's surface, which we measure as the apple's weight on Earth.
The weight of an average adult exerts a force of about 608 N.
One kilonewton, 1 kN, is equivalent to 102.0 kgf, or about 100 kg of load under Earth gravity.
So for example, a platform that shows it is rated at 321 kilonewtons (72,000 lbf) will safely support a 32,100-kilogram (70,800 lb) load.
Specifications in kilonewtons are common in safety specifications for:
|1 N||? 1kg?m/s2||= 105dyn||? 0.10197kp||? 0.22481lbf||? 7.2330pdl|
|The value of gn as used in the official definition of the kilogram-force is used here for all gravitational units.|
|2nd law of motion||m = F/a||F = W ⋅ a/g||F = m ⋅ a|
|Pressure (p)||pound per square inch||technical atmosphere||pound-force per square inch||standard atmosphere||poundal per square foot||barye||pieze||pascal|