|Brooklyn Cyclones (2019)|
|Most titles||Oneonta Yankees (12)|
|Classification||Class A Short Season|
The New York-Penn League (NYPL) was a Minor League Baseball league which operated in the northeastern United States from 1939 to 2020. Classified as a Class A Short Season league, its season started in June, after major league teams signed their amateur draft picks to professional contracts, and ended in early September.
In 2019, its last season of operation, the NYPL had 14 teams from eight different states. In addition to New York and Pennsylvania, from which the league drew its name, the NYPL also had clubs in Maryland, Massachusetts, Ohio, Vermont, West Virginia, and Connecticut.
The Brooklyn Cyclones were the last NYPL champions, defeating the Lowell Spinners, two games to one, in 2019. The Oneonta Tigers won 12 championships, the most among all teams in the league, followed by the Auburn Mets/Twins/Phillies/Doubledays (8) and Jamestown Falcons/Expos (7).
The New York-Penn League was founded in 1939 as the Pennsylvania-Ontario-New York League, generally shortened to PONY League, in a hotel in Batavia, New York. The original teams included the Batavia Clippers, Bradford Bees, Hamilton Red Wings, Jamestown Jaguars, Niagara Falls Rainbows, and Olean Oilers; all were based in or near Western New York. The Oilers, a Brooklyn Dodgers affiliate, won both the regular season and playoff championships. Batavia was the last remaining charter city in the league when it ceased operations after the 2020 season.
The Hamilton Red Wings folded early in the 1956 season, and with no more teams in Ontario, the circuit became the New York-Penn League in 1957. The league crossed back into Canada with the formation of the St. Catharines Blue Jays in 1986. They were joined by the Hamilton Redbirds in 1987 and the Welland Pirates in 1989, but all three clubs had moved back to the United States by 2000.
The New York-Penn circuit was originally a Class D league (the minors' lowest classification through 1962). It was a full-season Class A league from 1963 through 1966, and became a short-season Class A league in 1967.
On December 9, 2020, Major League Baseball (MLB) announced its list of 120 teams invited to be a part of the minors after restructuring for the 2021 season. As first reported in 2019, the NYPL ceased operations. The Aberdeen IronBirds, Brooklyn Cyclones, and Hudson Valley Renegades joined the new High-A East, becoming the new High-A affiliates of the Baltimore Orioles, New York Mets, and New York Yankees respectively. The Mahoning Valley Scrappers, State College Spikes, West Virginia Black Bears, and Williamsport Crosscutters moved to the new MLB Draft League for players wishing to showcase themselves to MLB teams in advance of the annual draft. The Tri-City ValleyCats moved to the independent Frontier League, while the Batavia Muckdogs and Auburn Doubledays joined the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. On February 25, 2021, the Vermont Lake Monsters announced that they would join the Futures Collegiate Baseball League under new ownership. The Staten Island Yankees folded, while the Lowell Spinners and Norwich Sea Unicorns have not announced future plans.
|Division||Team||MLB Affiliation||City||Stadium||Capacity||2021 League|
|McNamara||Aberdeen IronBirds||Baltimore Orioles||Aberdeen, Maryland||Leidos Field at Ripken Stadium||6,300||High-A East|
|Brooklyn Cyclones||New York Mets||Brooklyn, New York||MCU Park||7,000||High-A East|
|Hudson Valley Renegades||Tampa Bay Rays||Fishkill, New York
|Dutchess Stadium||4,494||High-A East|
|Staten Island Yankees||New York Yankees||Staten Island, New York||Richmond County Bank Ballpark||7,171||Folded|
|Pinckney||Auburn Doubledays||Washington Nationals||Auburn, New York||Falcon Park||2,800||Perfect Game League |
|Batavia Muckdogs||Miami Marlins||Batavia, New York||Dwyer Stadium||2,600||Perfect Game League |
|Mahoning Valley Scrappers||Cleveland Indians||Niles, Ohio
|Eastwood Field||6,000||MLB Draft League |
|State College Spikes||St. Louis Cardinals||University Park, Pennsylvania||Medlar Field at Lubrano Park||5,570||MLB Draft League |
|West Virginia Black Bears||Pittsburgh Pirates||Granville, West Virginia
|Monongalia County Ballpark||2,500||MLB Draft League |
|Williamsport Crosscutters||Philadelphia Phillies||Williamsport, Pennsylvania||BB&T Ballpark at Historic Bowman Field||2,366||MLB Draft League |
|Stedler||Lowell Spinners||Boston Red Sox||Lowell, Massachusetts||Edward A. LeLacheur Park||4,767||None|
|Norwich Sea Unicorns||Detroit Tigers||Norwich, Connecticut||Senator Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium||6,270|
|Tri-City ValleyCats||Houston Astros||Troy, New York
|Joseph L. Bruno Stadium||4,500||Frontier League|
|Vermont Lake Monsters||Oakland Athletics||Burlington, Vermont||Centennial Field||4,400||Futures Collegiate Baseball League |
League champions were determined by different means during the New York-Penn League's 82-year run from 1939 to 2020. For a few seasons in the 1960s and 1970s, no playoffs were held and the league champions were simply the regular season pennant winners. Most seasons, however, ended with playoffs to determine a league champion.
The New York-Penn League Hall of Fame was established in 2012 to honor league players, managers, and executives for their accomplishments or contributions to the league in playing or administrative roles. The Hall of Fame inducted its first class of seven men in 2012. New members were elected before the start of each season.