Nebuchadnezzar III
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Nebuchadnezzar III
Behistun Relief of Nidintu-Bêl. Label "This is Nidintu-Bêl. He lied, saying 'I am Nebuchadnezzar, the son of Nabonidus. I am king of Babylon.'"[1]

Nebuchadnezzar III ruled over Babylon (c. 522 BC). He claimed to be the second son of Nabonidus.

He led a short-lived rebellion against Darius the Great, who routed his army in battle at the Tigris on December 13, 522 BC, and then at the Euphrates near Zazannu.[2] Nebuchadnezzar III fled back to his capital with his remaining cavalry.[3]

Darius subsequently besieged the high-walled city of Babylon, succeeding in taking the capital, and Nebuchadnezzar III was put to death.[3]

His exact identity is uncertain. According to the Behistun Inscription, Darius claimed that he was an impostor called Nidinta-Bel, but some historians consider that he probably did have some connection with the previous Babylonian royal family.[]

He should not be confused with Nebuchadnezzar IV, who led a similar revolt against the Persians around a year later.

References

  1. ^ Behistun, minor inscriptions DBb inscription- Livius.
  2. ^ Harvard University; G. P. Goold (1 January 1972). Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. Harvard University Press. pp. 112-. ISBN 978-0-674-37922-0. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ a b Tom Holland (12 June 2007). Persian Fire: The First World Empire and the Battle for the West. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 46-. ISBN 978-0-307-27948-4. Retrieved 2012.
Preceded by
Nabonidus
King of Babylon
522 BC
Succeeded by
Nebuchadnezzar IV (Self-proclaimed)



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