Neam%C8%9B County
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Neam%C8%9B County
Neam? County

Jude?ul Neam?
Coat of arms of Neam? County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Neam? county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°58?N 26°24?E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4Coordinates: 46°58?N 26°24?E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4
CountryRomania
Development regionNord-Est
CapitalPiatra Neam?
Area
 o Total5,897 km2 (2,277 sq mi)
Area rank18th
Population
(2011)
 o Total470,766
 o Rank17th
 o Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 233 or (+40) 333[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-NT
GDP (nominal)US$ 2.430 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 5,161 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Neam? County (Romanian pronunciation: [ne?amt?s] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neam?.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 470,766 and a population density of 80/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 357,348
1956 Increase 419,949
1966 Increase 470,206
1977 Increase 532,096
1992 Increase 577,619
2002 Decrease 554,516
2011 Decrease 470,766

Geography

Bistri?a Valley

This county has an area of 5,897 km².[4]:17

The relief decreases from west to east. In the western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with heights of over 1800m and the impressive peak of Mount Ceahl?u. Along the Bicaz River lies the canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistri?a River led to the formation of the Lake Bicaz (Lake Izvorul Muntelui), the largest artificial lake completely in Romania.[4]:15

On the western side, the lowest point, at about 160m, is found along Siret River's valley.

Neighbours

Economy

The Bicaz Dam

County's main industries:

  • Chemical industry;
  • Mechanical parts;
  • Textiles;
  • Food stuffs;
  • Construction materials.

One of the greatest dams in Romania, the Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistri?a River, forming the Bicaz Lake; the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Bicaz-Stejaru Hydroelectric Power Station.

Tourism

The church of V?ratec Monastery
Ceahl?u Massif

Neam? county is known as the region with the most monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world.[] The monumental church of Neam? Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with Byzantine motifs.

The county is host to two of Romania's 9 national parks: Ceahl?u Massif and Vân?tori-Neam? Natural Park

County's main tourist attractions include

Politics

The Neam? County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PSD-UNPR Electoral Alliance 17                                  
  National Liberal Party 14                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                  
  People's Movement Party 2                                  

Administrative divisions

Piatra Neam?
History Museum in Roman

Neam? County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 78 communes

Natives

Historical county

Jude?ul Neam?
County (Jude?)
The Neam? County Prefect's building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
The Neam? County Prefect's building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Neam?
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Neamt.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Piatra Neam?
Area
 o Total3,977 km2 (1,536 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total198,223
 o Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the north-eastern part of Romania, in the north-west of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Neam? County. It was bordered on the north by Câmpulung County, to the north-east by Baia County, to the east by Roman County, to the south by Bac?u County, to the southwest by Ciuc County, and to the west by Mure? County.

Administration

Map of Neam? County as constituted in 1938.

In 1930, the county had four districts (pli):[6]

  1. Plasa Bistri?a
  2. Plasa De Mijloc
  3. Plasa Muntele
  4. Plasa Neam?

In 1938, the county had five districts:

  1. Plasa Bistri?a, with 45 villages and headquartered in Roznov
  2. Plasa Muntele, with 53 villages and headquartered in Bro?teni
  3. Plasa I.Gh. Duca, with 39 villages
  4. Plasa R?sboeni, with 56 villages and headquartered in R?sboeni
  5. Plasa Cetatea Neam?, with 15 villages and headquartered in Târgu Neam?

Apart from Piatra Neam?, the county had two urban municipalities (cities): Târgu Neam? and Buhu?i.

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 198,223 inhabitants, 90.3% Romanians, 6.3% Jews, 1.2% Hungarians, as well as other minorities.[7] From the religious point of view, the population was 90.5% Eastern Orthodox, 6.7% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 47,957 inhabitants, comprising 69.6% Romanians, 24.7% Jews, 1.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 69.7% Eastern Orthodox, 25.2% Jewish, 3.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Neam?
  7. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 308

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Neam%C8%9B_County
 



 



 
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