Nawab of Kalabagh
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Nawab of Kalabagh

Nawab Malik Amir Muhammad Khan Awan
? ?

Nawab of Kalabagh Malik Amir Mohammad khan.jpeg
3rd Governor of West Pakistan

12 April 1960 - 18 September 1966
PresidentMuhammad Ayub Khan
Akhter Husain
General Musa
Personal details
Kalabagh, British India
Died26 November 1967 (aged 57)[1]
Kalabagh, Pakistan

Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan Awan (1910 - 26 November 1967) also known as the Nawab of Kalabagh (? ? ) was a prominent feudal lord, politician, the chief or sardar of the Awan tribe, and of his tribal estate Kalabagh, in Mianwali District of north western Punjab, Pakistan.[2]

Early life

Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan received his college education at Aitchison College, Lahore and then went on to finish his education at Oxford University in England.[2]


Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan served as a member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from 1956 – 1958.[3] He also served as Governor of West Pakistan from 1960 to 1966.[1][4] He was appointed chairman Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation with the rank of a Central Minister in 1959, and subsequently Governor of West Pakistan on 12 April 1960 by Pakistan President General Ayub Khan.

His role during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 is praised as he kept the law and order, controlled the prices, trafficking of the raw material and prevented the smuggling.[2]

He has been described as a man of principles and traditions. He liked to remain in the national dress and his cabinet members tried to please him by doing the same also.He once declined to shake hands with the British Queen Elizabeth II on her visit to Pakistan because he believed that Islam prohibits men from shaking hands with women. At one point in time, Kalabagh used to have one of the most modern agriculture farms. He was very knowledgeable about farming and fruits and once answering a question from a visiting Jacqueline Kennedy over a luncheon, he impressed her so much that she remarked that she would recommend him as the 'Adviser on Agriculture' to her husband John F. Kennedy.[2]

Among the guests on his famous Kalabagh Guest house The Bohr Bangulow, over the years, has been Eleanor Roosevelt in 1952, former Presidents of Pakistan, Iskander Mirza, Ayub Khan and then foreign minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto among many other dignitaries.[2]

After a distinguished military career, Lieutenant General Jahandad Khan served as Governor of Sindh during 1984-87 time period under General Zia Ul-Haq regime. Earlier in 1965-66, he was Military Secretary to the then Governor of West Pakistan, Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan.[5] He wrote a book, Pakistan Leadership Challenges, in which Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan comes across as a sound, no-nonsense administrator, firmly wedded to the values and traditions of the feudal class.[5] British assessment of the Nawab of Kalabagh was very similar. In his book, Jahandad,Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan's Military Secretary dismisses alleged rumours about a somewhat sinister aspect of the Ayub regime. In 1963, the regime faced strong opposition from the political party Jamaat-i-Islami. Ayub himself "felt gravely threatened by its head, Maudoodi". "Some sycophants" sought to persuade Ayub that "the physical elimination" of Maulana would bring peace to the country and that Malik Amir Mohammad Khan was to help execute this attempt. Jahandad Khan dismisses this as a baseless rumour in his above book.[5]


It was widely reported in the Pakistani news media that his third youngest son Asadullah Khan killed him over a family property dispute on 26 November 1967.[1]


His eldest son Nawab Malik Muzaffar Khan won the National Assembly seat from NW-44, Mianwali-I in the December 1970 elections Nawab Malik Muzzafar Khan had three sons namely the eldest Malik Idrees Khan, the second Malik Fareed khan and the youngest Malik Waheed Khan.Nawab Malik Idrees Khan became the Nawab of Kalabagh after his father Nawab Malik Muzzafar khan's death.He died without issue.After his death His second Brother Nawab Malik Fareed Khan became Nawab.Nawab Malik Fareed Khan died in a vehicle accident.Thus His only son Nawab Malik Mohammad Ali Khan became Nawab of Kalabagh,A position he holds to this day.[2]Nawab Malik Amir Muhammad Khan's second son Malik Allah Yar also remained the member of Majlis-e-Shoora during General Zia-ul-Haq's military regime. Amir Mohammad Khan's grandson from his third son Malik Asad Malik Amad Khan won the National Assembly seat from NA-71 Mianwali-I, in the February 2008 elections as an independent candidate.[6]Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan's fourth and youngest son Malik Azam Khan was a bit of a wild card he was murdered in 1995. Malik Azam died without issue.[2][6][7] His paternal granddaughter, Sumaira Malik,daughter of his second son Malik Allahyar Khan, was a member of the National Assembly from 2004 until she was disqualified in 2013.[2][7][8]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Amir Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Kalabagh killed Dawn (newspaper), Updated 27 November 2017, Retrieved 4 March 2018
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Omar Mukhtar Khan (6 March 2016). "Once upon a time in Kalabagh". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ Nawab Malik Amir Mohammad Khan served as member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab (1956-1958) on website Retrieved 5 March 2018
  4. ^ List of our governors on website Published in 2016, Retrieved 4 March 2018
  5. ^ a b c Asif Javed (29 June 2014). "Nawab of Kalabagh: The Man Who Knew Too Much". The Nation (newspaper). Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ a b A family-dominated contest Dawn (newspaper), Published 28 April 2013, Retrieved 5 March 2018
  7. ^ a b Sumaira Malik, Member of National Assembly on website Retrieved 5 March 2018
  8. ^ "Disqualification over fake degree". 29 October 2013. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 2014.

Further reading

  • Siysat ke Firauns, (Pharaohs of Politics), by Wakil Anjam, Ferozsons Limited, 1992. p. 423-436
Political offices
Preceded by
Akhter Husain
Governor of West Pakistan
Succeeded by
Gen (R) Muhammad Musa

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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