Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (Malay)
Mengilham Harapan, Mencipta Masa Depan
Motto in English
|Inspiring Futures, Nurturing Possibilities|
|Type||Public research university|
|Established||18 May 1970|
|Chancellor||Tuanku Muhriz ibni Almarhum Tuanku Munawir|
|Professor Ir. Dr. Mohd. Hamdi bin Abdul Shukor|
|Affiliations||ACU, ASAIHL, AUN, AUAP|
The National University of Malaysia (abbreviation: UKM; Malay: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia; abbreviated UKM) is a public university located in Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor which is at south of Kuala Lumpur. Its teaching hospital, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) is located in Cheras and also has a branch campus in Kuala Lumpur. It is the most prestigious university in Malaysia and Southeast Asia. There are 17,500 undergraduate students enrolled, and 5,105 postgraduate students of which 1,368 are foreign students from 35 countries.
National University of Malaysia is one of six research universities in the country. It was ranked number 259th in the world by QS World University Rankings in 2014. It is ranked 98th place in the 100 best new universities established within the last 50 years in the world. It is the only university from Malaysia that made it in the 2012 Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) Top 50 Universities Under 50 Years Old list ranked in the 31st place. It placed 56th and 56th in the QS Top 500 Asian University Rankings in 2014 and 2015 respectively. It is ranked at 160th position in world in the 2020 QS World University Rankings making it a top tier university internationally..
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, the national university of Malaysia was born from the aspirations of the nationalists to uphold the Malay language as a language of knowledge. The quest for a national university was suggested in 1923 by the writer Abdul Kadir Adabi as a move against British colonisation. This nationalist tide galvanised Malay intellectuals of the time but met British suppression. The nationalists never wavered and in 1969 the movement again blossomed. A Sponsoring Committee chaired by Syed Nasir Ismail, a Malay intellectual, was set up to prepare a report recommending the establishment of UKM. Other prominent members of this committee include Dr. Mahathir Mohamed (Tun), Malaysia's fourth Prime Minister who was then the Education Minister, and Dr. Mohd Rashdan Haji Baba, who later became UKM's first Vice-Chancellor.
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia opened its doors on 18 May 1970 to 192 undergraduate students in Jalan Pantai Baru, Kuala Lumpur, a temporary campus housing three main faculties, the Faculties of Science, Arts and Islamic Studies. In October 1977, UKM moved to its present premises which form the main campus in Bangi. The campus has a size of 1,096 hectares (2,710 acres), situated in the metropolis encompassing the Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Kuala Lumpur, the main commercial centre, and Putrajaya, the administrative capital. The UKM Bangi Campus is 45 km (28 mi) from KLIA, 30 km (19 mi) from Kuala Lumpur and 20 km (12 mi) from Putrajaya.
UKM has two health campuses, the Kuala Lumpur campus in Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, and the UKM Medical Centre in Cheras. The Kuala Lumpur campus consists of the Faculties of Health Sciences, Pharmacy, Dentistry and the Pre-Clinical Departments of the Medical Faculty. With a size of 20 hectares (49 acres), the Kuala Lumpur campus was established in 1974.
The campus in Cheras consists of the Medical Faculty, the UKM Teaching Hospital and the UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute (UMBI). The Cheras campus was opened in 1997. Besides these campuses, UKM operates seven research stations (RS); The Tasik Chini RS, The Marine Ecosystem RS, The Langkawi Geopark RS, The Marine RS, The Fraser's Hill RS, The Plant Biotechnology RS and in the main campus itself, the UKM Campus Living Laboratory, which comprises the UKM Permanent Forest Reserve, or its Malay name, Hutan Simpan Kekal UKM as well as the Fernarium and the Herbarium.
Based on a foundation of 30 years of research, UKM was awarded the status of a Malaysian Research University in October 2006 by the Ministry of Higher Education, a move designed to propel the four public universities into leading research universities in line with the Higher Education Strategic Plan 2007-2020.
The year 2006 also saw UKM winning the Prime Minister's Quality Award. This award vindicates UKM's efforts at quality education and management, as outlined by the objectives of the UKM Strategic Plan 2000-2020 (PS2020). The Strategic Plan has been augmented by the newly unveiled UKM Knowledge Ecosystem Transformation Plan, a transformation set to catapult UKM into the league of leading research universities by 2018.
The list of vice-chancellors of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
|Vice-Chancellor||Academic Qualification||Term in office|
|1 Professor Tan Sri Datuk Dr. Rashdan Baba||Diploma of Agriculture(Malaya Agriculture College), Bachelor of Agriculture Science(Reading, UK), PhD in Agriculture Science(Leeds, UK).||1970-1971|
|2 Datuk Dr. Ariffin Ngah Marzuki||Bachelor of Medical & Surgery-MBBS(Malaya), Master of Surgeon in Obstetricians & Gynaecologists(RCOG, UK).||1971-1974|
|3 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Mohd Ghazali Abdul Rahman||Bachelor of Science(Western Australia), PhD in Science(Western Australia).||1974-1975|
|4 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Anuwar Mahmud||Bachelor of Veterinary Science(India), Master of Science(Hawaii, US)||1975-1980|
|5 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Awang Had Salleh||Bachelor of Arts in Malay Studies(Malaya), Master of Education(Malaya), PhD in Education & Sociology(Stanford, US).||1980-1984|
|6 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Abdul Hamid Abdul Rahman||1984-1993|
|7 Professor Dato' Dr. Mohd Sham Mohd Sani||Bachelor of Arts in Geography(Canterbury, New Zealand),PhD in Geography(UKM).||1993-1998|
|8 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Anuwar Ali||Bachelor of Science in Economics(Queen's, Ireland), Master of Economics(Leicester, UK), PhD in Economics(Kent, UK).||1998-2003|
|9 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Mohd Salleh Mohd Yasin||Bachelor of Biological Science(ITB, Indonesia), PhD in Science(Bath, UK).||2003-2006|
|10 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Sharifah Hapsah Syed Hasan Shahabudin||Bachelor of Medical & Surgery-MBBS(Malaya), Master of Health Science in Personnel Education(NSW, Australia), PhD(NSW, Australia).||2006-2014|
|11 Professor Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Noor Azlan Ghazali||Bachelor of Economics(Malaya), Master of Public Administration(Harvard, US), Master of Business Administration(Nebraska-Lincoln, US), PhD in Economics(Nebraska-Lincoln, US).||2014-2018|
|12 Professor Ir. Dr. Mohd Hamdi Abdul Shukor||Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering(Imperial College, London), Master of Science in Advanced Manufacturing Technology and System Management(Manchester, UK), PhD in Engineering(Kyoto, Japan).||2019-Incumbent|
The three above make up the founding faculties.
|2005||185||Times Higher Education World University Rankings - QS World University Rankings|
|2010||263||QS World University Rankings|
|2012||N/A (did not submit data)||Times Higher Education World University Rankings|
|2014||=269||QS World University Rankings|
When the Times Higher Education Guide University Rankings (THE) was published in October 2014, it was reported that UKM, along with Universiti Malaya, opted to not submit data for consideration. UKM Strategic Centre deputy executive director Associate Professor Dr Masturah Markom responded to the snub by saying that the rankings were unfair to the Malaysian education context. She specifically cited the measurement of "industry income" in the THE methodology of university assessment, stating that Malaysian industry input cannot compete with other countries such as the United States of America. This is despite the fact that only a 2.5% weightage is allocated to "industry income" in the methodology, and more conventional categories such as teaching and research still makes up 90% of the methodology.