National Radical Camp (1993)
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National Radical Camp 1993

The National Radical Camp (Polish: Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny, ONR) is a far-right movement in Poland.[1] It is often described as fascist and neo-Nazi.[2][3] The ONR considers itself an ideological descendant of the antisemitic political movement which existed before World War II, sharing the same name.[4][5] As of 2012 it is registered as a common-interest association.[6]

Ideology

The National Radical Camp describes itself as nationalist,[4] but has also been described as fascist and neo-Nazi.[2][3]

The party flag of the organization was included in the police handbook as an explicitly racist symbol.[7] The Interior Ministry subsequently pulled the book from circulation after a complaint from MP Adam Andruszkiewicz.[7]

Marches

ONR march in Kraków, July 2007

My?lenice rallies

ONR attracted publicity in 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009 for unauthorized marches during the anniversary of the anti-Jewish riot in My?lenice in 1936.[8][9][10] In 2005 the group had a couple of hundred members.[11]

An illegal rally held on June 30, 2007 resulted in a court case, in which the ONR leader, Wojciech Mazurkiewicz, was acquitted only because the magistrate warning was issued too late, according to the presiding judge.[12] The 2008 rally led by the same ONR leader was taped by police with the intention of sharing the video with the local prosecutors office according to Lesser Poland Police.[8][13]

ONR members at a 2008 rally in My?lenice made a Roman salute before disbanding. When questioned by reporters at the scene, the ONR leader claimed it is different from the Nazi salute.[14]

Independence Day marches

The association has also been known as initiators of marches during the National Independence Day of Poland. One of them (in Warsaw), as a co-initiative of several different nationalist movements in 2010, evolved in 2012 into one of the biggest events during the day, which now attracts a more diverse community.[15] Since 2012 it has been organized by a registered association,[16] which ONR is still part of.[17]

On 11 November 2017, 60,000 people marched in an Independence Day celebration procession co-organized by the ONR in what has been described as "Poland's Charlottesville,[18][19] some chanting "fatherland". People from group "Black Block", which consisted of associations "Niklot" and "Szturmowcy", carried banners that read "White Europe", "Europe Will Be White" and "Clean Blood, Sober mind - sXe".[20][21][22] The slogan of the march was "We want God", which comes from an old Polish song and a phrase quoted by US President Donald Trump during his visit to Poland earlier in the year.[23] There were also others who were chanting "Death to enemies of the homeland" and "Catholic Poland, not secular".[22] American alt-right activist Richard Spencer planned to speak at the march, but in the end did not appear[24] after the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski said that he 'should not appear publicly' in Poland as he 'defames the Holocaust', with the Ministry announcing in a later statement that Spencer's views were 'in conflict with the legal order of Poland'[25].

See also

References

  1. ^ Gera, Vanessa (10 November 2017). "Polish far-right march goes global, drawing people from afar". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "ROP: in the My?lenice the ONR propagated fascism". Wirtualna Polska (in Polish). Polish Press Agency. 23 June 2008. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Dryja?ska, Anna (7 May 2017). "Between fascism and Nazism. We are analyzing the ONR point-to-point statement with the extreme right-wing researcher". NaTemat.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Who are we?" (in Polish). ONR. Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ Elizabeth, De (12 November 2017). "Youth Nationalist March Draws 60,000 to Warsaw". Teen Vogue. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ "Association of the National Radical Camp" (in Polish). National Court Register. Retrieved 2014. 
  7. ^ a b (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Poland: Racism on the rise | Europe | DW.COM | 17.12.2016". DW.COM. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ a b Bart?omiej Kura?, Bezkarne gesty ONR-u w My?lenicach Source: Gazeta Wyborcza Kraków. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  9. ^ "Zeitschrift OSTEUROPA | Fiddler as a Fig Leaf". www.zeitschrift-osteuropa.de. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "ONR po raz czwarty". Miasto-info.pl - My?lenice oczami mieszka?ców. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Poland 2005". The Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism and Racism. Tel Aviv, Israel: Stephen Roth Institute, Tel Aviv University. 2005. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008.  External link in |journal= (help)
  12. ^ Bart?omiej Kura? (2008-05-28). "My?lenice: wyrok po my?li ONR-u" (in Polish). Gazeta Wyborcza Kraków. Retrieved 2013. 
  13. ^ (in Polish) Official pages of Gmina My?lenice: Historia miasta. Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive,
  14. ^ PAP (2008-06-21), Faszystowskie gesty w My?lenicach. Dziennik.pl Kraj. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  15. ^ "Transmisja Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci (Video coverage of the event by a Catholic publisher)". Radiomaryja.pl (in Polish). Radio Maryja. 12 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Stowarzyszenie Marsz Niepodleg?o?ci (The Association [of] The Independence March)". National Court Register (in Polish). Retrieved 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historia Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci (The history of The Independence March)". Official site of the March of the Independence (in Polish). Retrieved 2014. 
  18. ^ "White nationalists call for ethnic purity at Polish demonstration". POLITICO. 2017-11-12. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "60,000 join far-right march on Poland's Independence Day". CBC News. Associated Press. 11 November 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Styczy?ski, Filip (15 November 2017). "Wiemy, kto stoi za rasistowskimi has?ami na Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci" (in Polish). Warsaw: TVP INFO. Retrieved 2018. 
  21. ^ Hinshaw, Drew (11 November 2017). "Polish Nationalist Youth March Draws Thousands in Capital". Warsaw: The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ a b Day, Matthew (12 November 2017). "Nationalist protesters disrupt Poland independence day events". Warsaw: CNN. Retrieved 2017. 
  23. ^ Specia, Megan (11 November 2017). "Nationalist March Dominates Poland's Independence Day". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017. 
  24. ^ "Poland nationalist rally with neo-Nazi slogans, calls for 'Islamic holocaust' draws biggest crowd ever". Newsweek. 2017-11-12. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ "Poland to white nationalist Richard Spencer: keep out". The Guardian. Associated Press. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 2017. 

External links


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