The National Radical Camp (Polish: Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny, ONR) is a far-right movement in Poland. It is often described as fascist and neo-Nazi. The ONR considers itself an ideological descendant of the antisemitic political movement which existed before World War II, sharing the same name. As of 2012 it is registered as a common-interest association.
The National Radical Camp describes itself as nationalist, but has also been described as fascist and neo-Nazi.
The party flag of the organization was included in the police handbook as an explicitly racist symbol. The Interior Ministry subsequently pulled the book from circulation after a complaint from MP Adam Andruszkiewicz.
ONR march in Kraków
, July 2007
ONR attracted publicity in 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009 for unauthorized marches during the anniversary of the anti-Jewish riot in My?lenice in 1936. In 2005 the group had a couple of hundred members.
An illegal rally held on June 30, 2007 resulted in a court case, in which the ONR leader, Wojciech Mazurkiewicz, was acquitted only because the magistrate warning was issued too late, according to the presiding judge. The 2008 rally led by the same ONR leader was taped by police with the intention of sharing the video with the local prosecutors office according to Lesser Poland Police.
ONR members at a 2008 rally in My?lenice made a Roman salute before disbanding. When questioned by reporters at the scene, the ONR leader claimed it is different from the Nazi salute.
Independence Day marches
The association has also been known as initiators of marches during the National Independence Day of Poland. One of them (in Warsaw), as a co-initiative of several different nationalist movements in 2010, evolved in 2012 into one of the biggest events during the day, which now attracts a more diverse community. Since 2012 it has been organized by a registered association, which ONR is still part of.
On 11 November 2017, 60,000 people marched in an Independence Day celebration procession co-organized by the ONR in what has been described as "Poland's Charlottesville, some chanting "fatherland". People from group "Black Block", which consisted of associations "Niklot" and "Szturmowcy", carried banners that read "White Europe", "Europe Will Be White" and "Clean Blood, Sober mind - sXe". The slogan of the march was "We want God", which comes from an old Polish song and a phrase quoted by US President Donald Trump during his visit to Poland earlier in the year. There were also others who were chanting "Death to enemies of the homeland" and "Catholic Poland, not secular". American alt-right activist Richard Spencer planned to speak at the march, but in the end did not appear after the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski said that he 'should not appear publicly' in Poland as he 'defames the Holocaust', with the Ministry announcing in a later statement that Spencer's views were 'in conflict with the legal order of Poland'.
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