National Radical Camp (1993)
Get National Radical Camp 1993 essential facts below. View Videos or join the National Radical Camp 1993 discussion. Add National Radical Camp 1993 to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
National Radical Camp 1993

The National Radical Camp (Polish: Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny, ONR) is a far-right movement in Poland.[1] It is often described as fascist and neo-Nazi.[2][3] The ONR considers itself an ideological descendant of the antisemitic political movement which existed before World War II, sharing the same name.[4][5] As of 2012 it is registered as a common-interest association.[6]


The National Radical Camp describes itself as nationalist,[4] but has also been described as fascist and neo-Nazi.[2][3]

The party flag of the organization was included in the police handbook as an explicitly racist symbol.[7] The Interior Ministry subsequently pulled the book from circulation after a complaint from MP Adam Andruszkiewicz.[7]


ONR march in Kraków, July 2007

My?lenice rallies

ONR attracted publicity in 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009 for unauthorized marches during the anniversary of the anti-Jewish riot in My?lenice in 1936.[8][9][10] In 2005 the group had a couple of hundred members.[11]

An illegal rally held on June 30, 2007 resulted in a court case, in which the ONR leader, Wojciech Mazurkiewicz, was acquitted only because the magistrate warning was issued too late, according to the presiding judge.[12] The 2008 rally led by the same ONR leader was taped by police with the intention of sharing the video with the local prosecutors office according to Lesser Poland Police.[8][13]

ONR members at a 2008 rally in My?lenice made a Roman salute before disbanding. When questioned by reporters at the scene, the ONR leader claimed it is different from the Nazi salute.[14]

Independence Day marches

The association has also been known as initiators of marches during the National Independence Day of Poland. One of them (in Warsaw), as a co-initiative of several different nationalist movements in 2010, evolved in 2012 into one of the biggest events during the day, which now attracts a more diverse community.[15] Since 2012 it has been organized by a registered association,[16] which ONR is still part of.[17]

On 11 November 2017, 60,000 people marched in an Independence Day celebration procession co-organized by the ONR in what has been described as "Poland's Charlottesville,[18][19] some chanting "fatherland". People from group "Black Block", which consisted of associations "Niklot" and "Szturmowcy", carried banners that read "White Europe", "Europe Will Be White" and "Clean Blood, Sober mind - sXe".[20][21][22] The slogan of the march was "We want God", which comes from an old Polish song and a phrase quoted by US President Donald Trump during his visit to Poland earlier in the year.[23] There were also others who were chanting "Death to enemies of the homeland" and "Catholic Poland, not secular".[22] American alt-right activist Richard Spencer planned to speak at the march, but in the end did not appear[24] after the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski said that he 'should not appear publicly' in Poland as he 'defames the Holocaust', with the Ministry announcing in a later statement that Spencer's views were 'in conflict with the legal order of Poland'[25].

See also


  1. ^ Gera, Vanessa (10 November 2017). "Polish far-right march goes global, drawing people from afar". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "ROP: in the My?lenice the ONR propagated fascism". Wirtualna Polska (in Polish). Polish Press Agency. 23 June 2008. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Dryja?ska, Anna (7 May 2017). "Between fascism and Nazism. We are analyzing the ONR point-to-point statement with the extreme right-wing researcher". (in Polish). Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Who are we?" (in Polish). ONR. Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ Elizabeth, De (12 November 2017). "Youth Nationalist March Draws 60,000 to Warsaw". Teen Vogue. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ "Association of the National Radical Camp" (in Polish). National Court Register. Retrieved 2014. 
  7. ^ a b (, Deutsche Welle. "Poland: Racism on the rise | Europe | DW.COM | 17.12.2016". DW.COM. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ a b Bart?omiej Kura?, Bezkarne gesty ONR-u w My?lenicach Source: Gazeta Wyborcza Kraków. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  9. ^ "Zeitschrift OSTEUROPA | Fiddler as a Fig Leaf". Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "ONR po raz czwarty". - My?lenice oczami mieszka?ców. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Poland 2005". The Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism and Racism. Tel Aviv, Israel: Stephen Roth Institute, Tel Aviv University. 2005. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008.  External link in |journal= (help)
  12. ^ Bart?omiej Kura? (2008-05-28). "My?lenice: wyrok po my?li ONR-u" (in Polish). Gazeta Wyborcza Kraków. Retrieved 2013. 
  13. ^ (in Polish) Official pages of Gmina My?lenice: Historia miasta. Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive,
  14. ^ PAP (2008-06-21), Faszystowskie gesty w My?lenicach. Kraj. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  15. ^ "Transmisja Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci (Video coverage of the event by a Catholic publisher)". (in Polish). Radio Maryja. 12 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Stowarzyszenie Marsz Niepodleg?o?ci (The Association [of] The Independence March)". National Court Register (in Polish). Retrieved 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historia Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci (The history of The Independence March)". Official site of the March of the Independence (in Polish). Retrieved 2014. 
  18. ^ "White nationalists call for ethnic purity at Polish demonstration". POLITICO. 2017-11-12. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "60,000 join far-right march on Poland's Independence Day". CBC News. Associated Press. 11 November 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Styczy?ski, Filip (15 November 2017). "Wiemy, kto stoi za rasistowskimi has?ami na Marszu Niepodleg?o?ci" (in Polish). Warsaw: TVP INFO. Retrieved 2018. 
  21. ^ Hinshaw, Drew (11 November 2017). "Polish Nationalist Youth March Draws Thousands in Capital". Warsaw: The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ a b Day, Matthew (12 November 2017). "Nationalist protesters disrupt Poland independence day events". Warsaw: CNN. Retrieved 2017. 
  23. ^ Specia, Megan (11 November 2017). "Nationalist March Dominates Poland's Independence Day". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017. 
  24. ^ "Poland nationalist rally with neo-Nazi slogans, calls for 'Islamic holocaust' draws biggest crowd ever". Newsweek. 2017-11-12. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ "Poland to white nationalist Richard Spencer: keep out". The Guardian. Associated Press. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 2017. 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes