National League Pennant
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National League Pennant
A group of men in white baseball uniforms with red pinstripes and red baseball caps high-five each other while passing in lines moving in opposite directions.
The Philadelphia Phillies won their second consecutive pennant in 2009 and lost to the San Francisco Giants in the 2010 NLCS.

The National League pennant winner of a given Major League Baseball season is the team that wins the championship -- the pennant -- of MLB's National League (NL). This team receives the Warren C. Giles Trophy and the right to play in the World Series against the champion of the American League (AL). The current NL pennant winners are the Washington Nationals, who won the franchise's first NL pennant in October 2019.

The trophy is named for Warren Giles, the league president from 1951 to 1969, and is presented immediately after each NL Championship Series (NLCS) by Warren's son Bill Giles, the honorary league president and owner of the Philadelphia Phillies.[1]

The pennant has been awarded every year since 1876, except for 1994, when a players' strike forced the cancellation of the postseason.[2][3] Until 1969, the pennant was presented to the team with the best win-loss record at the end of the season.[4] In 1969, the league split into two divisions,[5] and the teams with the best records in each division played one another in the NLCS to determine the pennant winner. The format of the NLCS was changed from a best-of-five to a best-of-seven format for the 1985 postseason.[6] In 1995, an additional playoff series was added when MLB restructured the two divisions in each league into three.[7] As of 2010, the winners of the Eastern, Central, and Western Divisions, as well as one wild card team, play in the NL Division Series, a best-of-five playoff to determine the opponents who will play for the pennant.[8]

By pennants, the Los Angeles Dodgers (formerly the Brooklyn Dodgers; 23 pennants, 31 playoff appearances)[9] and the San Francisco Giants (formerly the New York Giants; 23 pennants, 27 playoff appearances)[10] are tied for the winningest teams in the NL. In third place is the St. Louis Cardinals (19 pennants and 28 playoff appearances),[11] followed by the Atlanta Braves (17 pennants and 23 postseason appearances between their three home cities of Atlanta, Milwaukee, and Boston)[12] and the Chicago Cubs (17 pennants and 20 playoff appearances as the Cubs and White Stockings).[13] The Philadelphia Phillies were NL champions in back-to-back seasons in 2008 and 2009, becoming the first NL team to do so since the Braves in 1995 and 1996.[14] The Dodgers were also league champions in back-to-back seasons in 2017 and 2018. Before 1903 there was no World Series as we know it today because the leagues were only loosely affiliated. As of 2018, the Giants and the Dodgers have the most World Series appearances at 20, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 19.

The team with the best record to win the NL pennant was the 1906 Cubs, who won 116 of 152 games during that season[15] and finished 20 games ahead of the New York Giants.[16] The best record by a pennant winner in the Championship Series era is 108-54, which was achieved by the Cincinnati Reds in 1975[17] and the New York Mets in 1986;[18] both of these teams went on to win the World Series.[2]

NL champions have gone on to win the World Series 49 times, most recently in 2019.[2] Pennant winners have also won the Temple Cup and the Chronicle-Telegraph Cup, two pre-World Series league championships, although second-place teams won three of the four Temple Cup meetings.[19][20] The largest margin of victory for a pennant winner, before the league split into two divisions in 1969, is ​ games; the Pittsburgh Pirates led the Brooklyn Superbas (now the Dodgers) by that margin on the final day of the 1902 season.[21]

The only currently existing National League franchise to have never won an NL pennant are the Milwaukee Brewers; however, they did win a pennant during their time in the American League.[22]

Key

Year Links to the corresponding "year in baseball" (1876-1900) or "Major League Baseball season" (1901-present) article
Team Links to the corresponding season in which each team played
Series Links to the corresponding "National League Championship Series" article
Record Regular season win-loss record
GA Games ahead of the second-place team (pre-NLCS era)
WW Wins by the winning team (NLCS era)
LW Wins by the losing team (NLCS era)
Ref Reference
Won World Series (1884-1890)
Won Temple Cup (1894-1897)
Won Chronicle-Telegraph Cup (1900)
Won World Series (1903-present)
E National League East division member (1969-present)
C National League Central division member (1995-present)
W National League West division member (1969-present)
+ Wild card team (1995-present)

Single table era (1876-1968)

Two rows of men in white baseball uniforms. Those in the back row wear dark baseball caps with "P" on them while the men in the front row wear white hats and have "BOSTON" on the chest of their uniforms.
The Pittsburgh Pirates (back row) won the National League pennant in 1903, and played in the first modern World Series in baseball history.
A single row of men in white baseball uniforms with high socks and white baseball caps standing on a baseball field; their uniforms read "NY" across the chest.
The New York Giants won their first World Series appearance in 1905 after their owner refused to take part in the 1904 World Series.[23]
Year Team Manager Record GA Ahead of Manager Ref
1876 Chicago White Stockings Albert Spalding 52-14 6 St. Louis Brown Stockings George McManus [24]
1877 Boston Red Caps Harry Wright 42-18 7 Louisville Grays Jack Chapman [25]
1878 Boston Red Caps Harry Wright 41-19 4 Cincinnati Reds Jack Chapman [26]
1879 Providence Grays George Wright 59-25 5 Boston Red Caps Cal McVey [27]
1880 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson 67-17 15 Providence Grays Mike Dorgan [28]
1881 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson 56-28 9 Providence Grays Tom York [29]
1882 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson 55-29 3 Providence Grays Harry Wright [30]
1883 Boston Beaneaters John Morrill 63-35 4 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson [31]
1884 Providence Grays Frank Bancroft 84-28 10½ Boston Beaneaters John Morrill [32]
1885 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson 87-25 2 New York Giants Jim Mutrie [33]
1886 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson 90-34 Detroit Wolverines Bill Watkins [34]
1887 Detroit Wolverines Bill Watkins 79-45 Philadelphia Quakers Harry Wright [35]
1888 New York Giants Jim Mutrie 84-47 9 Chicago White Stockings Cap Anson [36]
1889 New York Giants Jim Mutrie 83-43 1 Boston Beaneaters Jim Hart [37]
1890 Brooklyn Bridegrooms Bill McGunnigle 86-43 Chicago Colts Cap Anson [38]
1891 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee 87-51 Chicago Colts Cap Anson [39]
1892 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee 102-48 Cleveland Spiders Patsy Tebeau [40]
1893 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee 86-43 5 Pittsburgh Pirates Al Buckenberger [41]
1894 Baltimore Orioles Ned Hanlon 89-39 3 New York Giants John Montgomery Ward [42]
1895 Baltimore Orioles Ned Hanlon 87-43 3 Cleveland Spiders Patsy Tebeau [43]
1896 Baltimore Orioles Ned Hanlon 90-39 Cleveland Spiders Patsy Tebeau [44]
1897 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee 93-39 2 Baltimore Orioles Ned Hanlon [45]
1898 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee 102-47 6 Baltimore Orioles Ned Hanlon [46]
1899 Brooklyn Superbas Ned Hanlon 101-47 8 Boston Beaneaters Frank Selee [47]
1900 Brooklyn Superbas Ned Hanlon 82-54 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke [48]
1901 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke 90-49 Philadelphia Phillies Bill Shettsline [49]
1902 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke 103-36 27½ Brooklyn Superbas Ned Hanlon [50]
1903 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke 91-49 New York Giants John McGraw [51]
1904 New York Giants John McGraw 106-47 13 Chicago Cubs Frank Selee [52]
1905 New York Giants John McGraw 106-47 9 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke [53]
1906 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance 116-36 20 New York Giants John McGraw [54]
1907 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance 107-45 17 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke [55]
1908 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance 99-55 1 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke [56]
1909 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke 110-42 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance [57]
1910 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance 104-50 13 New York Giants John McGraw [58]
1911 New York Giants John McGraw 99-54 Chicago Cubs Frank Chance [59]
1912 New York Giants John McGraw 103-48 10 Pittsburgh Pirates Fred Clarke [60]
1913 New York Giants John McGraw 101-51 12½ Philadelphia Phillies Red Dooin [61]
1914 Boston Braves George Stallings 94-59 10½ New York Giants John McGraw [62]
1915 Philadelphia Phillies Pat Moran 90-62 7 Boston Braves George Stallings [63]
1916 Brooklyn Robins Wilbert Robinson 94-60 Philadelphia Phillies Pat Moran [64]
1917 New York Giants John McGraw 98-56 10 Philadelphia Phillies Pat Moran [65]
1918 Chicago Cubs Fred Mitchell 84-45 10½ New York Giants John McGraw [66]
1919 Cincinnati Reds Pat Moran 96-44 9 New York Giants John McGraw [67]
1920 Brooklyn Robins Wilbert Robinson 93-61 7 New York Giants George Gibson [68]
1921 New York Giants John McGraw 94-59 4 Pittsburgh Pirates George Gibson [69]
1922 New York Giants John McGraw 93-61 7 Cincinnati Reds Pat Moran [70]
1923 New York Giants John McGraw 95-58 Cincinnati Reds Pat Moran [71]
1924 New York Giants John McGraw 93-60 Brooklyn Robins Wilbert Robinson [72]
1925 Pittsburgh Pirates Bill McKechnie 95-58 New York Giants John McGraw [73]
1926 St. Louis Cardinals Rogers Hornsby 89-65 2 Cincinnati Reds Jack Hendricks [74]
1927 Pittsburgh Pirates Rogers Hornsby 94-60 St. Louis Cardinals Bob O'Farrell [75]
1928 St. Louis Cardinals Donie Bush 95-59 2 New York Giants John McGraw [76]
1929 Chicago Cubs Joe McCarthy 98-54 2 Pittsburgh Pirates Jewel Ens [77]
1930 St. Louis Cardinals Gabby Street 92-62 2 Chicago Cubs Rogers Hornsby [78]
1931 St. Louis Cardinals Gabby Street 101-53 13 New York Giants John McGraw [79]
1932 Chicago Cubs Charlie Grimm 90-64 4 Pittsburgh Pirates George Gibson [80]
1933 New York Giants Bill Terry 91-61 5 Pittsburgh Pirates George Gibson [81]
1934 St. Louis Cardinals Frankie Frisch 95-58 2 New York Giants Bill Terry [82]
1935 Chicago Cubs Frankie Frisch 100-54 4 St. Louis Cardinals Frankie Frisch [83]
1936 New York Giants Bill Terry 92-62 5 St. Louis Cardinals Frankie Frisch [84]
1937 New York Giants Bill Terry 95-57 3 Chicago Cubs Charlie Grimm [85]
1938 Chicago Cubs Charlie Grimm 89-63 2 Pittsburgh Pirates Pie Traynor [86]
1939 Cincinnati Reds Bill McKechnie 97-57 St. Louis Cardinals Ray Blades [87]
1940 Cincinnati Reds Bill McKechnie 100-53 12 Brooklyn Dodgers Leo Durocher [88]
1941 Brooklyn Dodgers Leo Durocher 100-54 St. Louis Cardinals Billy Southworth [89]
1942 St. Louis Cardinals Billy Southworth 106-48 2 Brooklyn Dodgers Leo Durocher [90]
1943 St. Louis Cardinals Billy Southworth 105-49 18 Cincinnati Reds Bill McKechnie [91]
1944 St. Louis Cardinals Billy Southworth 105-49 14½ Pittsburgh Pirates Frankie Frisch [92]
1945 Chicago Cubs Charlie Grimm 98-56 3 St. Louis Cardinals Billy Southworth [93]
1946 St. Louis Cardinals Eddie Dyer 98-58 2 Brooklyn Dodgers Leo Durocher [94]
1947 Brooklyn Dodgers Burt Shotton 94-60 5 St. Louis Cardinals Eddie Dyer [95]
1948 Boston Braves Billy Southworth 91-62 St. Louis Cardinals Eddie Dyer [96]
1949 Brooklyn Dodgers Burt Shotton 97-57 1 St. Louis Cardinals Eddie Dyer [97]
1950 Philadelphia Phillies Eddie Sawyer 91-63 2 Brooklyn Dodgers Burt Shotton [98]
1951 New York Giants Leo Durocher 98-59 1 Brooklyn Dodgers Chuck Dressen [99]
1952 Brooklyn Dodgers Burt Shotton 96-57 New York Giants Leo Durocher [100]
1953 Brooklyn Dodgers Chuck Dressen 105-49 13 Milwaukee Braves Charlie Grimm [101]
1954 New York Giants Leo Durocher 97-57 5 Brooklyn Dodgers Walter Alston [102]
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers Walter Alston 98-55 13½ Milwaukee Braves Charlie Grimm [103]
1956 Brooklyn Dodgers Walter Alston 93-61 1 Milwaukee Braves Fred Haney [104]
1957 Milwaukee Braves Fred Haney 95-59 8 St. Louis Cardinals Fred Hutchinson [105]
1958 Milwaukee Braves Fred Haney 92-62 8 Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh [106]
1959 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston 88-68 2 Milwaukee Braves Fred Haney [107]
1960 Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh 95-59 7 Milwaukee Braves Chuck Dressen [108]
1961 Cincinnati Reds Fred Hutchinson 93-61 4 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston [109]
1962 San Francisco Giants Alvin Dark 103-62 1 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston [110]
1963 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston 99-63 6 St. Louis Cardinals Johnny Keane [111]
1964 St. Louis Cardinals Johnny Keane 93-69 1 Philadelphia Phillies Gene Mauch [112]
1965 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston 97-65 2 San Francisco Giants Herman Franks [113]
1966 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston 95-67 San Francisco Giants Herman Franks [114]
1967 St. Louis Cardinals Red Schoendienst 101-60 10½ San Francisco Giants Herman Franks [115]
1968 St. Louis Cardinals Red Schoendienst 97-65 9 San Francisco Giants Herman Franks [116]

League Championship Series era (1969-present)

Three rows of men in various dark-colored suits; in the center, a gray-haired smiling man holds a white baseball jersey that reads "Bush" on the back in small red print with "06" in larger red print below it.
The 2006 St. Louis Cardinals won the World Series after capturing the National League pennant.
Two rows of men stand on a baseball field holding baseball caps over their hearts. A row of men in gray baseball uniforms and red caps are to the right of the image, while men in white baseball uniforms and blue caps are to the left. The stands are full with crowd members, and other people are standing in the outfield, seen in the background.
In 2008, the Philadelphia Phillies and the Los Angeles Dodgers faced off in the National League championship series for the pennant; the Phillies won, four games to one.
Year Series Winning team Record WW LW Losing team Record Ref
1969 1969 New York MetsE 100-62 3 0 Atlanta BravesW 93-69 [117]
1970 1970 Cincinnati RedsW 102-60 3 0 Pittsburgh PiratesE 87-63 [118]
1971 1971 Pittsburgh PiratesE 97-65 3 1 San Francisco GiantsW 90-72 [119]
1972 1972 Cincinnati RedsW 95-59 3 2 Pittsburgh PiratesE 96-59 [120]
1973 1973 New York MetsE 82-79 3 2 Cincinnati RedsW 99-63 [121]
1974 1974 Los Angeles DodgersW 102-60 3 1 Pittsburgh PiratesE 88-74 [122]
1975 1975 Cincinnati RedsW 108-54 3 0 Pittsburgh PiratesE 92-69 [123]
1976 1976 Cincinnati RedsW 102-60 3 0 Philadelphia PhilliesE 101-61 [124]
1977 1977 Los Angeles DodgersW 98-64 3 1 Philadelphia PhilliesE 101-61 [125]
1978 1978 Los Angeles DodgersW 95-67 3 1 Philadelphia PhilliesE 90-72 [126]
1979 1979 Pittsburgh PiratesE 98-64 3 0 Cincinnati RedsW 90-71 [127]
1980 1980 Philadelphia PhilliesE 91-71 3 2 Houston AstrosW 93-70 [128]
1981[a] 1981 Los Angeles DodgersW 63-47 3 2 Montréal ExposE 60-48 [129]
1982 1982 St. Louis CardinalsE 92-70 3 0 Atlanta BravesW 89-73 [130]
1983 1983 Philadelphia PhilliesE 90-72 3 1 Los Angeles DodgersW 91-71 [131]
1984 1984 San Diego PadresW 92-70 3 2 Chicago CubsE 96-65 [132]
1985 1985 St. Louis CardinalsE 101-61 4 2 Los Angeles DodgersW 95-67 [133]
1986 1986 New York MetsE 108-54 4 2 Houston AstrosW 96-66 [134]
1987 1987 St. Louis CardinalsE 95-67 4 3 San Francisco Giants 90-72 [135]
1988 1988 Los Angeles DodgersW 94-67 4 3 New York MetsE 100-60 [136]
1989 1989 San Francisco GiantsW 92-70 4 1 Chicago CubsE 93-69 [137]
1990 1990 Cincinnati RedsW 91-71 4 2 Pittsburgh PiratesE 95-67 [138]
1991 1991 Atlanta BravesW 94-68 4 3 Pittsburgh PiratesE 98-64 [139]
1992 1992 Atlanta BravesW 98-64 4 3 Pittsburgh PiratesE 96-66 [140]
1993 1993 Philadelphia PhilliesE 97-65 4 2 Atlanta BravesW 104-58 [141]
1994 Not held due to players' strike. [142]
1995[b] 1995 Atlanta BravesE 90-54 4 0 Cincinnati RedsC 85-59 [143]
1996 1996 Atlanta BravesE 96-66 4 3 St. Louis CardinalsC 88-74 [144]
1997 1997 Florida MarlinsE+ 92-70 4 2 Atlanta BravesE 101-61 [145]
1998 1998 San Diego PadresW 98-64 4 2 Atlanta BravesE 106-56 [146]
1999 1999 Atlanta BravesE 103-59 4 2 New York MetsE+ 97-66 [147]
2000 2000 New York MetsE+ 94-68 4 1 St. Louis CardinalsC 95-67 [148]
2001 2001 Arizona DiamondbacksW 92-70 4 1 Atlanta BravesE 88-74 [149]
2002 2002 San Francisco GiantsW+ 95-66 4 1 St. Louis CardinalsC 97-65 [150]
2003 2003 Florida MarlinsE+ 91-71 4 3 Chicago CubsC 88-74 [151]
2004 2004 St. Louis CardinalsC 105-57 4 3 Houston AstrosC+ 92-70 [152]
2005 2005 Houston AstrosC+ 89-73 4 2 St. Louis CardinalsC 100-62 [153]
2006 2006 St. Louis CardinalsC 83-78 4 3 New York MetsE 97-65 [154]
2007 2007 Colorado RockiesW+ 90-73 4 0 Arizona DiamondbacksW 90-72 [155]
2008 2008 Philadelphia PhilliesE 92-70 4 1 Los Angeles DodgersW 84-78 [156]
2009 2009 Philadelphia PhilliesE 93-69 4 1 Los Angeles DodgersW 95-67 [157]
2010 2010 San Francisco GiantsW 92-70 4 2 Philadelphia PhilliesE 97-65 [158]
2011 2011 St. Louis CardinalsC+ 90-72 4 2 Milwaukee BrewersC 96-66 [159]
2012 2012 San Francisco GiantsW 94-68 4 3 St. Louis CardinalsC+ 88-74 [160]
2013 2013 St. Louis CardinalsC 97-65 4 2 Los Angeles DodgersW 92-70 [161]
2014 2014 San Francisco GiantsW+ 88-74 4 1 St. Louis CardinalsC 90-72 [162]
2015 2015 New York MetsE 90-72 4 0 Chicago CubsC+ 97-65 [163]
2016 2016 Chicago CubsC 103-58 4 2 Los Angeles DodgersW 91-71 [164]
2017 2017 Los Angeles DodgersW 104-58 4 1 Chicago CubsC 92-70 [165]
2018 2018 Los Angeles DodgersW 92-71 4 3 Milwaukee BrewersC 96-67 [166]
2019 2019 Washington NationalsE+ 93-69 4 0 St. Louis CardinalsC 91-71 [167]

Notes

  • a A mid-season labor stoppage split the season into two halves. The winner of the first half played the winner of the second half in each division in the 1981 National League Division Series. The winners played in the 1981 NLCS for the National League pennant.[129]
  • b The leagues were re-aligned in 1994 to three divisions and a wild card was added to the playoffs, but the labor stoppage cancelled the postseason. Wild cards were first used in the 1995 playoffs.[7]

NL pennants won by franchise

Three rows of men in white baseball uniforms and dark caps; the rear row is standing, the middle row is seated (with a man in a tweed suit in the middle), and the front row is seated on the floor. The baseball uniforms have a dark Old English-style "B" over the left breast.
The 19th century Baltimore Orioles team won three National League pennants, one of three defunct teams to have won the league.
Two rows of men: one row standing behind a second row seated on the ground. The men are wearing white baseball uniforms with "Detroit" across the chest and white baseball caps.
The Detroit Wolverines won their only pennant in 1887, followed by a victory in the World's Championship Series.
Italics represent a franchise that is defunct in Major League Baseball as of the 2019 season.

*The Astros have only won 1 NL Pennant; the other 2 were in the AL

Notes

  • a Previously known as Brooklyn Dodgers, Brooklyn Robins, Brooklyn Superbas, Brooklyn Bridegrooms, Brooklyn Grooms, Brooklyn Grays and Brooklyn Atlantics. Does not include American Association pennant won in 1889[9]
  • b Previously known as New York Giants and New York Gothams[10]
  • c Previously known as St. Louis Perfectos, St. Louis Browns, and St. Louis Brown Stockings. Does not include four American Association pennants won in 1885-1888[11]
  • d Previously known as Milwaukee Braves, Boston Braves, Boston Bees, Boston Rustlers, Boston Doves, Boston Beaneaters and Boston Red Caps[12]
  • e Previously known as Chicago Orphans, Chicago Colts and Chicago White Stockings[13]
  • f Previously known as Pittsburgh Alleghenys[168]
  • g Previously known as Cincinnati Redlegs and Cincinnati Red Stockings. Does not include American Association pennant won in 1882[169]
  • h Previously known as Philadelphia Quakers and unofficially as Philadelphia Blue Jays[170]
  • i The 19th-century Baltimore Orioles who played in the National League are no longer in existence; two current American League franchises later used the Orioles name (New York Yankees and Baltimore Orioles).[182]
  • j Previously known as Houston Colt .45s[176] Moved to the American League in 2013; won the American League pennant and World Series in 2017.
  • k Previously known as Montreal Expos. In 1994, the Expos led the National League East and had the best win-loss record in the league when the season was cut short by a labor dispute.[178]
  • l The Brewers were members of the American League through the 1997 season after which they switched to the National League.[183] This table records only the Brewers' National League accomplishments. They won the American League pennant in 1982.

See also

References

General
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Inline citations
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