Guóy? Tu?xíng W?iyuánhuì
Emblem of the Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan)
|Formed||21 April 1919|
|Dissolved||1 January 2013|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Education|
|National Languages Committee|
|Literal meaning||National Language(s) Promotion Committee|
|Name at creation|
|Literal meaning||Preparatory Commission for the Unification of the National Language|
|Literal meaning||Preparatory Committee for the Unification of the National Language|
The National Languages Committee was established in 1928 by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China with the purpose of standardizing and popularizing the usage of Standard Chinese (also called Mandarin) in the Republic of China. The Committee was known in English as the Mandarin Promotion Council or the National Languages Promotion Committee until 2003, but the Chinese name has not changed. The phrase Guoyu ( "National language") typically refers to Standard Chinese, but could also be interpreted as referring to "national languages". The reorganization of the Executive Yuan made the duties of the National Languages Committee be transferred to the Department of Lifelong Education's fourth sector (Reading and Language Education) from 2013.
It was created as the Preparatory Commission for the Unification of the National Language by the Republic (then still based in Nanjing) on 21 April 1919. On 12 December 1928, the Commission was renamed to the Preparatory Committee for the Unification of the National Language, headed by Woo Tsin-hang and had 31 members. The Committee was revived in 1983 as the Mandarin Promotion Council based on Taiwan.
The decisions reached by the Council include:
Since the Taiwanization movement took hold in government, the Committee also handles: