National Alliance (Latvia)
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National Alliance Latvia

The National Alliance, officially the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (Latvian: Nacion?l? apvien?ba ,,Visu Latvijai!" - ,,T?vzemei un Br?v?bai/LNNK"), abbreviated to NA, is a right-wing populist,[6][7]national-conservative[3]political party in Latvia. With thirteen seats in the Saeima, the National Alliance is the fourth-largest party in the national parliament and the third-largest party in the government. The party is a coalition of conservatives, Latvian ethnonationalists, and economic liberals.[5][12][13]

Formed as an electoral alliance for the 2010 election, the National Alliance brought together For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and All for Latvia!.[14] It won eight seats, placing it fourth among all parties. It merged into a single political party in July 2011 under the leadership of Gaidis B?rzi and Raivis Dzintars. In the October 2014 election, it again increased its seats to seventeen, and entered a centre-right coalition, along with Unity and the Union of Greens and Farmers under Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma.[15] The Party has participated in every government of Latvia since the 2011 parliamentary election to prevent Harmony Centre, a centre-left, pro-Russian interests political party from entering the leading coalition.[16]

It is a member of the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe, and its two MEPs, Roberts Z?le and Dace Melb?rde, sit in the European Conservatives and Reformists group in the European Parliament.

The party controls the town and city governments of Ogre, Bauska, Smiltene, Iecava, Aizpute, Priekule, Engure, Saulkrasti, Koceni and Rundale. In 66 municipalities the party is represented by 166 deputies.

History

It was founded as an electoral alliance in 2010 by the national-conservative For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and the far-right All For Latvia! after the two parties were refused entry into the Unity alliance.[17] The loose alliance was transformed into a unitary party on 23 July 2011.[18] In the 2010 election to the Saeima, the alliance won 8 seats.[9] As part of the outgoing government it was involved in negotiations after the election to renew the coalition, but was vetoed by the Society for Political Change,[19] which had not been part of the government but had joined the Unity alliance.

In May 2011, the party supported the re-election of Valdis Zatlers as President of Latvia in the 2011 election.[20] The alliance became a single united party on 23 July 2011. At the 2011 parliamentary election, the National Alliance won fourteen seats - an increase of six on the previous year - making it the fourth-largest party. After extensive negotiations with an aim to avoid Kremlin supporting powers from gaining seats in government,[16] it joined a centre-right government with Unity and Zatlers' Reform Party, with the party's Gaidis B?rzi as Minister for Justice and ?aneta Jaunzeme-Grende as Minister for Culture.

On 23 August 2013, All for Latvia! wing of National Alliance signed the Declaration of Bauska together with Conservative People's Party of Estonia and Lithuanian Nationalist Union. The declaration calls for a new national awakening of the Baltic states and warns about threats posed by cultural marxism, international globalism, multiculturalism and Russian imperial ambitions.[21][22]

The merging period of the two founding parties was ended on the National Alliance's third congress on 7 December 2013, finally creating one unitary party.[23][24][25]

In October 2014 Saeima election, Party gained 17 seats in Parliament, and entered a centre-right coalition, along with Unity and the Union of Greens and Farmers under Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma.[15] The party succeeded to include several points in the Declaration of the government and coalition treaty: to begin gradual Latvianisation of the bilingual educational system starting from 2018; to limit the residence permit trading programme established in 2010, increase state support to family values and the demography programme; to make national identity, Latvian language and culture as priority as it is defined in the Constitution (Satversme); opening of natural gas market in order to end the Gazprom monopoly in the Latvian energy market; veto rights to any decision which could weaken the positions of the Latvian language.[26]

Since the beginning of the protests in Maidan, the Party takes a very pro-Ukrainian position regarding the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, thus suggesting the government to take a stricter anti-Kremlin position.[27][28]

The Party actively opposes immigration - both the residence permit selling programme and the refugee quota system intended by EU, emphasizing the already large number of Soviet-era settlers in Latvia.[29] They have compared the modern advocates of immigration with collaborators, who supported the planned mass immigration under the Soviet occupation.[30] The Party was the only one of the leading coalition partners which completely refused both the refugee quota system, as well as voluntary acceptation of refugees.[31] On August 2015 the Party took part in organizing the massive anti-immigration rally in R?ga.[32] This anti-immigration position was accented in the annual foreign affair debates in Saeima, also turning against liberal immigration policy and political correctness in EU.[33]

Election results

Parliament (Saeima)

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/- Government
2010 74,028 7.8% (4)
Opposition
2011 127,208 13.9% (4)
Increase 6 Reform-Unity-NA Coalition
2014 151,567 16.6% (4)
Increase 3 Unity-ZZS-NA Coalition
2018 92,963 11% (5)
Decrease 4 AP!-JKP-KP LV-Unity-NA Coalition

European Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/-
2014 63,229 14.3% (#2)
Steady
2019 77,591 16.4% (#3)
Increase 1

See also

DodgerBlue flag waving.svg Conservatism portal

Literature

  • Auers, Daunis; Kasekamp, Andres (2013). Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia. Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse. London/New York: Bloomsbury. pp. 235-248. ISBN 978-1-78093-343-6.

References

  1. ^ Jaunie?i (9 May 2017). "Jaunie?i - Nacion?l? apvien?ba VL-TB/LNNK". National Alliance. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "'Nacion?l? Neatkar?ba', parties monthly newspaper" (PDF) (in Latvian). Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieckk, Wolfram (2018). "Latvia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Detail". Bti-project.org. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ a b E. L. (18 September 2011). "Snap election falls flat". The Economist. Retrieved 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Auers; Kasekamp, Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia, pp. 235-236
  7. ^ a b c Pausch, Robert (4 February 2015). "Populismus oder Extremismus? - Radikale Parteien in Europa". Die Zeit. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "Latvia". Europe Elects. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ a b Bogushevitch, Tatyana; Dimitrovs, Aleksejs (November 2010). "Elections in Latvia: status quo for minorities remains" (PDF). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. 9 (1): 72-89.
  10. ^ "Pro-Russia party wins most votes in Latvia election". BBC News. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  11. ^ "Pro-Russia party led by young mayor poised to win historic Latvian election". Washington Post. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  12. ^ "Reboot in Riga". The Economist. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ "13th Saeima elections: The parties (Part 1)". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Ka?a, Juris (14 August 2018). "Who is who in upcoming Latvian parliamentary elections". Re:Baltica. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Latvian Saeima approves of the new Straujuma government". The Baltic Course. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Raivis Dzintars: triju latvisko partiju koal?cija ir re?la". Kasjauns.lv. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ Greenhalgh, Nathan (31 May 2010). "Unity forgoes merging with far-right". Baltic Reports. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Latvian political parties undergo major upheaval", The Baltic Times, 12 July 2011, retrieved 2011
  19. ^ Strautmanis, Andris (25 October 2010). "Veto ousts nationalists from new government; 2 parties remain in talks". Latvians Online. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ "Supporters line up behind Zatlers". The Baltic Times. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ "Nacion?l? apvien?ba: Baltijas nacion?listi paraksta sadarb?bas l?gumu, v?r?oties pret glob?lajiem apdraud?jumiem". Nacionalaaovieniba.lv. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ Baltimaade konservatiivid: aeg on küps uueks rahvuslikuks ärkamiseks Archived 26 August 2013 at Archive.today
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Nacion?l? apvien?ba apvienosies vien? partij?". Puaro.lv. Retrieved 2018.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ Arnolds L?ns (22 January 2014). "NA pan?ktais koal?cijas l?gum? un vald?bas deklar?cij?". National Alliance. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "Ja Dombravas runa, Saeimas ikgad?j?s ?rlietu debat?s p?rst?vot NA frakcijas viedokli - Nacion?l? apvien?ba VL-TB/LNNK". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ "Edv?ns ?nore EDSO PA nosoda Krievijas agresiju un aicina Ukrainai sniegt milit?ru pal?dz?bu - Nacion?l? apvien?ba VL-TB/LNNK". National Alliance. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ "N? - b?g?u kvot?m". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ Egl?js, Ritvars. "The new pro-migrant propaganda is just like the old one". National Alliance. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ "Vald?ba visbeidzot atbalsta 776 b?g?u uz?em?anu Latvij?". Kasjauns.lv. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ "Nationalists plan anti-refugee protest". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ "Latvia has the duty to save Europe from drowning in the swamp of political correctness - National Alliance's opinion in debates about annual report on foreign policy 2015". National Alliance. Retrieved 2018.

External links


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