Nation Party of Iran
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Nation Party of Iran
Party of the Iranian Nation
Khosrow Seif[1]
FounderDariush Forouhar
Founded24 October 1951; 68 years ago (1951-10-24)
Split fromPan-Iranist Party[2]
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Ideology
Political positionRight-wing[3]
National affiliationNational Front (1951-1979)
Parliament
Party flag
Flag of Pan-Iranist-Party alt.svg

Party of the Iranian Nation (or Nation Party of Iran, Iran Nation Party; Persian: ‎, romanized?ezb-e Mellat-e Ir?n) is "a small opposition"[4] party in Iran advocating establishment of a secular democracy.[5] Although the party is technically illegal, it is tolerated inside Iran.[5]

Founded in 1951 by Dariush Forouhar, the party had a few hundred members, mostly high-school students, and was a member of National Front until the Iranian Revolution, however it did not carry much weight in the leadership of the front.[2] The party proposed rebuilding Iran by regaining its lost territories in Bahrain, Afghanistan and Caucasia, and its platform was based on anti-capitalism, anti-communism, anti-monarchism, anti-Semitism, anti-Bahá'ísm and anti-clericalism.[2]

Popular among high school students in Tehran in the 1950s, the party's membership never exceeded a few hundred people.[6]

Electoral history

Year Election Seats Ref
1979 Constitutional Assembly
1980 Parliament

References

  1. ^ Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr (eds.). Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 364. ISBN 978-0-313-34161-8.
  2. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 257-258. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  3. ^ a b Mina, Parviz (July 20, 2004). "OIL AGREEMENTS IN IRAN". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Forsythe, David P. (2009). Encyclopedia of Human Rights. 1. Oxford University Press. p. 198. ISBN 0195334027.
  5. ^ a b Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Update to IRN28431.E of 23 December 1997on the Nation of Iran Party ("Hezb-e Mellat-e Iran", the National Front, the Iranian Nation Party, the Iranian National Party, Party of the People of Iran), and the deaths of Dariush (Daryush) and Paravaneh (Paravanah) Foruhar (Forouhar, Forohar), 1 February 2000, IRN33708.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad5320.html [accessed 29 October 2016]
  6. ^ Gheissari, Ali (2010). Iranian Intellectuals in the Twentieth Century. University of Texas Press. p. 69. ISBN 0292778910.

External links


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