Nanjing Great Hall of the People
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Nanjing Great Hall of the People

Coordinates: 32°02?45?N 118°47?16?E / 32.04583°N 118.78778°E / 32.04583; 118.78778

Nanjing Great Hall of the People
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Nanjing Great Hall of the People front.JPG
General information
AddressNo. 264, Chang Jiang Road
Town or cityXuanwu, Nanjing, Jiangsu
CountryChina
Coordinates32°01?28?N 118°28?18?E / 32.0245°N 118.4716°E / 32.0245; 118.4716
Completed1936

The Nanjing Great Hall of the People[1][2] (Chinese: ?; pinyin: Nánjing rénmín dàhuìtáng), which serves as National Theatre of Drama and Music and Art Gallery, was built in 1936, and is located at No. 264, Changjiang Road, Xuanwu District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. The gross floor area being 5,100 square meters, the 4 story hall was built up of reinforced concrete, facing south. Its original name was the National Great Hall (Chinese: )[3][4] and the hall was renamed in 1949.

History

The building is the former site of the National Assembly of the Republic of China.

In September of the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), the central committee of the KMT[5] passed a resolution which approved the construction of a meeting hall for the National Assembly in Nanjing, the capital of China at that time. Since the National Assembly would only meet infrequently, the proposal submitted by H.H. Kung (Chinese:)[6] and four others also utilized the hall as the National Theatre of Drama and Music. The organizing committee of the National Theater of Drama and Music and the neighboring Art Gallery held a public bidding. According to the evaluation of the organizing committee, the design proposal of Xi Fuquan (Chinese:),[7] an architect from the Gongli Engineering Department (Chinese:), was chosen as the best one, and Guan Songsheng's (Chinese:),[8] design and Zhaoshen's (Chinese:)[9] ranked second and third respectively. On November 20, the organization announced the bidding in public, which was awarded to Shanghai Construction Factory of Lugen's Engineering Office (Chinese?).[10] The designer was Xi Fuquan, and the supervisor was Li Zongkan (Chinese:) from Tao's Engineering Office (Chinese). On May 5 of the 25th year of Republic of China (1936), the construction of the great hall was completed. The great hall was used as the National Theatre of Drama and Music as well.

Building

Seen from the front, the middle part of the building is taller, with the two sides spreading symmetrically; the design emphasizes vertical lines with simplicity and modernism. In addition, cornices, doors and windows, canopies and hallway are decorated with simplified traditional Chinese patterns. There are more than 3,400 seats in the hall, which is equipped with automatic voting systems and translation devices. The hall is fully air conditioned, a very modern feature at the time it was built.

The National Art Gallery (modern day Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum) is located opposite the hall,[11][12][13][14][15][16] and their style are in accordance with each other as an integral whole.

Transportation

The building is accessible within walking distance north of Daxinggong Station of Nanjing Metro.

See also

References

  1. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2012-08-03.
  2. ^ (2003). :?The Trace of the Republic of China: Selected Architectures of Nanjing: 1912-1949 (in Chinese). ?. pp. 126-128. ISBN 7-5032-2243-3.
  3. ^ ? (2001). Nanjing Architecture of the Republic of China (in Chinese). ?. p. 304. ISBN 7-305-03670-6.
  4. ^ (2000). ?The Art of Nanjing Architecture of the Republic of China (in Chinese). . p. 158. ISBN 7-5345-3087-3.
  5. ^ "Kuomintang".
  6. ^ "Kong Xiangxi (Chinese:)".
  7. ^ a modernist architect in China.
  8. ^ "Guan Songsheng's (Chinese:)". Hudong.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ "Zhaoshen (Chinese?)". Hudong.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012.
  10. ^ "Shanghai Construction Factory of Lugen's Engineering Office (Chinese:)". mg1912.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  11. ^ "?". Archived from the original on 2012-08-12.
  12. ^ ? (2001). Nanjing Architecture of the Republic of China (in Chinese). ?. p. 124. ISBN 7-305-03670-6.
  13. ^ (2000). ?The Art of Nanjing Architecture of the Republic of China (in Chinese). . p. 160. ISBN 7-5345-3087-3.
  14. ^ (2003). :?The Trace of the Republic of China: Selected Architectures of Nanjing: 1912-1949 (in Chinese). ?. pp. 128-130. ISBN 7-5032-2243-3.
  15. ^ "Jiangsu Art Gallery ".
  16. ^ . " - ". Jsmsg.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved .

Further reading

(2002). "?". ?. ?6?. ?. ISSN 1009-9077.


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