Nanchang Dialect
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Nanchang Dialect
Chang-Du
Nanchang
Native toChina
RegionNorthwestern Jiangxi
Language codes
None (mis)
cagj
Glottologchan1317[1]
Linguasphere79-AAA-fad
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Chang-Du or Chang-Jing, sometimes called Nanchang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: nánch?ng huà) after its principal dialect, is one of the Gan Chinese languages. It is named after Nanchang and Duchang County, and is spoken in those areas as well as in Xinjian, Anyi, Yongxiu, De'an, Xingzi, Hukou, and bordering regions in Jiangxi and in Pingjiang County, Hunan.

Phonology

The Nanchang dialect has 19 syllable onsets or initials (including the zero initial), 65 finals and 5 tones (counted as 7 in Chinese classifications).[2]

Initials

In each cell below, the first line indicates IPA transcription, the second indicates pinyin.

Bilabial Dental/
Alveolar
(Alveolo-)
palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m
m ?
?
gn ?
?
ng ?
Plosive plain p
b ?
t
d ?
k
g ?
aspirated p?
p ?
t?
t ?
k?
k ?
Affricate plain ts
dz ?
t?
j ?
aspirated ts?
ts ?
t
ch ?
Fricative ?
f ?
s
s ?
?
sh ?
h
h ?
Lateral l
l ?

Finals

The finals of the Nanchang dialect are:[3]

- -i -u -n -? -t -k
- a
?
?
?
?
?

?
?
?
ai
?
?i
?
au
?
?u
?
?u
?
an
?
?n
?
?n
?
?n
?
a?
?

?
u?
?
at
?
?t
?
?t
?
?t
?
ak
?
?k
?
uk
?
-i- ja
?
j?
?
i
?
j?u
?
iu
?
j?n
?
in
?
ja?
?
j
?
ju?
?
j?t
?
it
?
jak
?
j?k
?
juk
?
-u- wa
?
w?
?
w?
?
u
?
wai
?
ui
?
wan
?
w?n
?
un
?
wa?
?
w
?
wat
?
w?t
?
w?t
?
ut
?
wak
?
w?k
?
-y-
?
y
?
n
?
yn
?
t
?
yt
?

Consonantal codas

Syllabic nasals m?
?
n?
?

?
consonantal finals -p -t -k -m -n -ng
IPA [-p] [-t] [-k] [-m] [-n] [-?]
Example ? ? ? ? ? ?
  • The codas in italic are at present only reserved in several Gan dialects.

Tone

Like other Chinese varieties, tones in Gan make phonemic distinctions. There are five phonemic tones in Gan, which are reduced to two 'entering tones' before stop consonants. In the traditional classification, these are considered separately:

tones of Gan
Tone number Tone name Pitch numbers IPA transcription (on a)
1 upper level (42) a or â
2 lower level (24) a or ?
3 rising (213) a or á
4 upper departing (55) a? or á
5 lower departing (21) a or à
6 upper entering (5) ak? or ák
7 lower entering (21) ak or àk

The 6th and 7th tones are the same as the 4th and 5th tones, except that the syllable ends in a stop consonant, /t/ or /k/.

Example

A poem of Meng Haoran ("Men Hau-len" in Gan):

    Cun Hieu - Men Hau-len
, cun mien bhut gok hieu,
cu cu mun ti tieu.
, ya loi fung ui sang,
fa lok zi do seu?

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chang-Jing". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Yan (2006), p. 150.
  3. ^ Yan (2006), pp. 150-151, based on Hanyu Fangyin Zihui.
  • B?ij?ng dàxué zh?ngguóy?yánwénxuéxì y?yánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hàny? f?ngy?n zìhuì. B?ij?ng: Wénzìg?igé ch?b?nshè.(. 1989. . )
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, ji?huá (1989). Hàny? f?ngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì g?igé ch?b?nshè. (. 1989. . :?.)

External links



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