Nagano Prefecture
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Nagano Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?majiNagano-ken
Flag of Nagano Prefecture
Official logo of Nagano Prefecture
Location of Nagano Prefecture
RegionCh?bu (K?shin'etsu)
SubdivisionsDistricts: 14, Municipalities: 77
 o GovernorShuichi Abe
 o Total13,561.56 km2 (5,236.15 sq mi)
Area rank4th
(June 1, 2019)
 o Total2,052,493
 o Rank16th
 o Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-20
BirdRock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
FlowerGentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeWhite birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)

Nagano Prefecture (, Nagano-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Ch?bu region of Honsh?.[1] Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 13,561 km² (5,236 sq mi). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.

Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, with other major cities including Matsumoto, Ueda, and Iida.[2] Nagano Prefecture has impressive highland areas of the Japanese Alps, including most of the Hida Mountains, Kiso Mountains, and Akaishi Mountains which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. The abundance of mountain ranges, natural scenic beauty, and rich history has gained Nagano Prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sports tourist destination, including hosting to the 1998 Winter Olympics and a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.



Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan--this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.

As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Ch?bu-Sangaku, J?shin'etsu K?gen, and Minami Alps National Parks; My?gi-Arafune-Saku K?gen, Tenry?-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Ch?shin K?gen Quasi-National Parks; and Ch Alps, Enrei ?j?, Hijiriyama K?gen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenry? Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]


Physical map of Nagano Prefecture
Political map of Nagano Prefecture
     City      Town      Village
Hida Mountains (August 2006)
Nagano City
Chikuma River, from Yashima Bridge, looking downstream toward Murayama Bridge, Nagano (city)

Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:



The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.[5]





National highways







Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about 8.5 Billion Yen (2014).[6]

Several large Japanese group have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson or Vaio.


Onbashira, which festival held once in seven years
Yashima Wetland in Kirigamine Hills
Matsumoto Castle
Utsukushigahara Hills
Ski resort in Shiga Hills


There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.

Prefectural symbols

Sister Regions


  • Nagano's former governor, Yasuo Tanaka, is an independent who has made a reputation internationally for attacking Japan's status quo. Among other issues, he has refused national government money for construction projects that he deems unnecessary, such as dams, and has overhauled (locally) the press club system that is blamed for limiting government access to journalists who give favorable coverage. Tanaka was voted out from office on August 6, 2006 and was replaced by Jin Murai.
  • Sasuke competitor Shinji Kobayashi, who works as a garbage man, is from Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Tatsumi Yoda (aka Tom Yoda), former chairman of Avex, is from Chikuma-shi.
  • Glim Spanky, the members of the rock band are from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yuto Adachi, of Korean boy group Pentagon is from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yasuyuki Kazama, a professional drift driver, is from Shimosuwa in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Keiichi Tsuchiya, a professional racing driver, is from T?mi in Nagano Prefecture.

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nagano prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books; "Ch?bu" at p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagano" at p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books
  3. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  5. ^ Nagano Prefecture has achieved the highest life expectancy in Japan, after long efforts of improving each one's lifestyle (December 9, 2013). Foreign Press Center/Japan
  6. ^


External links

Coordinates: 36°15?N 138°6?E / 36.250°N 138.100°E / 36.250; 138.100

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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