Mutsu Province
Get Mutsu Province essential facts below. View Videos or join the Mutsu Province discussion. Add Mutsu Province to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
Former province of Japan
Provinces of Japan-Mutsu.svg
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mutsu Province highlighted

Mutsu Province (, Mutsu no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori Prefectures and the municipalities of Kazuno and Kosaka in Akita Prefecture.

Mutsu Province is also known as ?sh? () or Michinoku ( or ). The term ?u () is often used to refer to the combined area of Mutsu and the neighboring province Dewa, which together make up the entire T?hoku region.


Mutsu Province from 7c. to 712
Mutsu Province 718 for several years
Mutsu Province from 1185 to 1868

Invasion by the Kinai government

Mutsu, on northern Honsh?, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient regional capital of the Kinai government was Tagaj? in present-day Miyagi Prefecture.

Prosperity of Hiraizumi

In 1095, the ?sh? Fujiwara clan settled at Hiraizumi, under the leadership of Fujiwara no Kiyohira. Kiyohira hoped to "form a city rivaling Kyoto as a centre of culture". The legacy of the ?sh? Fujiwara clan remains with the temples Ch?son-ji and M?ts?-ji in Hiraizumi, and the Shiramizu Amidad? temple building in Iwaki. In 1189, Minamoto no Yoritomo invaded Mutsu with three great forces, eventually killing Fujiwara no Yasuhira and acquiring the entire domain.[3]

Sengoku period

During the Sengoku period, clans ruled parts of the province.

After the Boshin War

Riku? (Mutsu) Province from 1869 to 1871

As a result of the Boshin War, Mutsu Province was divided by the Meiji government, on 19 January 1869, into five provinces: Iwashiro, Iwaki, Rikuzen, Rikuch?, and Riku?)[]. The fifth of these, corresponding roughly to today's Aomori Prefecture, was assigned the same two kanji as the entire province prior to division; however, the character reading was different.[4] Due to the similarity in characters in the name, this smaller province has also sometimes been referred to as 'Mutsu'.


Under Ritsury?

Meiji Era

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mutsu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 676, p. 676, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 119., p. 119, at Google Books
  3. ^ Sansom, George (1958). A History of Japan to 1334. Stanford University Press. p. 254,326-328. ISBN 0804705232.
  4. ^ "" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18.(??)


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes