Mustafa Yamulki
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Mustafa Yamulki
Mustafa Yamulki
Mustafa Yamulki.jpg
Mustafa Yamulki
Nickname(s)Nimrod Mustafa Pasha
Born(1886-01-25)January 25, 1886
Sulaimaniyah, Mosul Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
DiedMay 25, 1936(1936-05-25) (aged 50)
Sulaimaniyah, Iraq
AllegianceOttoman Empire, Kingdom of Kurdistan
RankMajor general
UnitThird Army
Battles/warsItalo-Turkish War, Balkan Wars

Mustafa Yamulki (25 January 1866 - 25 May 1936), also known as "Nemrud" Mustafa Pasha, was a Kurdish military officer,[1][page needed] chairman of the Ottoman military court, minister for education in the Kingdom of Kurdistan[1] and a journalist. Mustafa was born in the city of Sulaimaniyah which was then in the Mosul Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

Early life

Mustafa was born into an old landowning family from Sulaimaniyah. Mustafa attended the Ottoman Military Academy at Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). He was from the powerful Bilbaz Kurdish tribe.

As chairman of the Ottoman Military Court also called the "war tribunal of Nemrut Mustafa",[2][page needed] he condemned Mustafa Kemal to death in absentia along with closest associates,[3][page needed] The warrant was also signed by Ali Kemal, Damad Ferid and the Sultan. Mustafa also sentenced Ebubekir Hazim (Tepeyran) the minister of the interior for aiding the Turkish nationalists. He was dismissed from this office in June.[4][page needed]

Mustafa was arrested by the kemalists, the British embassy intervened and secured him safe passage to Kurdistan, he left behind his palace in Constantinople which was taken over by the kemalists.[5][page needed]

His brother-in-law was Izzet Bey the former governor of Van and minister of Pious foundations under Tavfiq Pasha cabinet.

Mustafa's son was Abdul Aziz Yamulki chief plotter of coup d'état against Bakir Sidqi government.[6][page needed]

Posts Held

  • vice-governor of Bursa[7]


  1. ^ a b The Kurdish national movement: its origins and development, Wadie Jwaideh
  2. ^ Hans-Lukas Kieser, Dominik J. Schaller, Der Völkermord an den Armeniern und die Shoah (The Armenian genocide and the Shoah),
  3. ^ Salâhi Ramadan Sonyel, Turkish Diplomacy 1918-1923: Mustafa Kemal and the Turkish National Movement,
  4. ^ Touraj Atabaki, Erik Jan Zürcher, Men of Order: Authoritarian Modernization under Atatürk and Reza Shah,
  5. ^ Jacques Derogy, Resistance and Revenge: The Armenian Assassination of the Turkish Leaders,
  6. ^ Eliezer Beeri, Army officers in Arab politics and society,
  7. ^ Review of Armenian studies, Volume 5, Issues 13-16, ASAM Institute for Armenian Research, 2007

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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