|County seat||Târgu Mure?|
|o Type||County Board|
|o President of the County Board||Ferenc Péter|
|o Prefect2||Mircea Du?a|
|o Total||6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)|
|Area rank||11th in Romania|
|o Total||550,846 |
|o Rank||12th in Romania|
|o Density||82/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x2654|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 3.893 billion (2015)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 7,068 (2015)|
|Website||County Board |
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. |
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
Mure? County (Romanian pronunciation: ['mure?], Romanian: Jude?ul Mures, Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mure?. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical jude? (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mure?-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mure? county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye (['m?ro? 'm]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an similar name (Maros-Torda County, Romanian: Comitatul Mure?-Turda) was created in 1876. There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mure?-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960-1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.
The county has a total area of 6,714 km².
The northeastern side of the county consists of the C?limani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.
Mure? County is bordered by seven other counties: Suceava, Harghita, Bra?ov, Sibiu, Alba, Cluj and Bistri?a-N?s?ud.
In terms of religion:
Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:
|1||TVR 1||Romanian Public Television||1956||Public channel|
|2||TVR 2||Romanian Public Television||1968 (hiatus 1985-1990)||Public channel|
|3||Pro TV Târgu-Mure?||Pro TV||1997||Affiliated stadion|
|4||Antena 1 Târgu-Mure?||Antena 1||1998||Affiliated stadion|
|5||Prima TV Târgu-Mure?||Prima TV||2008||Affiliated station|
|26||TTM||None||2006||Local news channel|
|25||?tii TV||None||2008||Local news channel|
|57||DIGI24 HD Cluj-Napoca||RCS&RDS||2013||Regional news channel|
|63||TVR Târgu-Mure?||Romanian Public Television||2008||Regional station|
|Gliga TV Reghin||Gliga CATV||2001||Local news channel in Reghin|
|DaReghin||None||2009||Local news channel in Reghin|
|Târnava TV||None||2008||Local news channel in Sighi?oara and Târn?veni|
|FM 102.9||Radio România Târgu-Mure?||1958||Public / news - music||Regional station|
|FM 89.1||PRO FM||1997||Commercial radio||PRO FM||Bucharest|
|FM 90.3||Kiss FM||2003||Commercial radio||Kiss FM||Bucharest|
|FM 90.7||Europa FM||2002||Commercial radio||Europa FM||Bucharest|
|FM 88||Radio GaGa||1994||Eadio GaGa|
|FM 88.4||Rock FM||1997||Rock FM||Bucharest|
|FM 92.7||Radio 21||2002||Radio 21||Bucharest|
|FM 93.6||Radio România Actualiti||1928||Radio România Actualiti||Bucharest|
|FM 97.1||Erdély FM||2007||Erdély FM|
|FM 98||Radio ZU||2008||Radio Zu||Bucharest|
|FM 100.6||Na?ional FM||2004||Na?ional FM||Oradea|
|FM 101.2||Magic FM||2000||Magic FM||Bucharest|
|FM 101.6||Radio InfoPRO||2005||Radio InfoPRO||Bucharest|
|FM 105.6||Radio SON||2007||Radio SON||Sighi?oara|
The predominant industries in the county are:
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians||15|
|National Liberal Party||10|
|Social Democratic Party||10|
Mure? County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes
The Mure? County Prefecture building of the interwar period.
|Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)||Târgu Mure?|
|o Total||4,856 km2 (1,875 sq mi)|
|o Density||60/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, Mure?-Turda County was located in the central-northern part of Greater Romania, in the central part of Transylvania. The capital was Târgu Mure?. After the administrative unification law in 1925, it was renamed to Mure? County, and the territory was reorganized. It was bordered on the south by Târnava-Mic? County, on the southwest by Turda County, on the west by Cluj County, on the north by N?s?ud County, on the northeast with the counties of Câmpulung and Neam?, and on the southeast with the counties of Ciuc and Odorhei. Most of the territory of the historical county is found in the present Mure? County, except for the northeastern area, which is located in Harghita County, and the northwestern area in Bistri?a-N?s?ud County today.
Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and identical with the Maros-Torda County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Mure? County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon.
In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ?inuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by reziden?i regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Mure? County became part of ?inutul Mure?.
In 1940, the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania, re-establishing the county. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.
A subsequent administrative adjustment added one district, divided Plasa Mure? into two, and divided Plasa Reghin into two, leaving ten districts:
The county had two urban localities: Târgu Mure? (a city) and Reghin (urban commune).
According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 289,546, of which 45.8% were Romanians, 42.6% Hungarians, 3.9% Germans, 3.9% Romanies, 3.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. By mother tongue, the county population consisted of 45.9% Hungarian speakers, 45.5% Romanian speakers, 3.9% German speakers, 2.2% Yiddish speakers, and 2.1% Romany speakers. In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 32.4% Greek Catholic, 30.3% Reformed, 14.5% Eastern Orthodox, 12.1% Roman Catholic, 3.9% Lutheran, 3.6% Jewish, 2.6% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the urban population of the county was 47,807, of which 54.3% were Hungarians, 24.3% Romanians, 13.4% Jews, 6.0% Germans, 1.1% Romanies, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian was spoken by 61.2% of the population, followed by Romanian, spoken by 23.6% of the population as mother tongue, Yiddish (7.4%) and German (6.2%). From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 32.6% Reformed, 20.1% Roman Catholic, 14.2% Greek Catholic, 14.2% Jewish, 10% Eastern Orthodox, 5.9% Lutheran, 2.3% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.