Mure%C8%99 County
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Mure%C8%99 County
Mure? County

Jude?ul Mures

Maros megye
The Saschiz fortified church
Coat of arms of Mure? County
Coat of arms
Location of Mure? County
Coordinates: 46°35?N 24°37?E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61Coordinates: 46°35?N 24°37?E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61
Country Romania
Development region1Centru
Historic regionTransylvania
County seatTârgu Mure?
Government
 o TypeCounty Board
 o President of the County BoardFerenc Péter
 o Prefect2Mircea Du?a
Area
 o Total6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)
Area rank11th in Romania
Population
(2011)
 o Total550,846 [1]
 o Rank12th in Romania
 o Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
54wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x2654
Car platesMS5
GDP (nominal)US$ 3.893 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 7,068 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Mure? County (Romanian pronunciation: ['mure?], Romanian: Jude?ul Mures, Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mure?. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical jude? (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mure?-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mure? county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Name

In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye (['m?ro? 'm]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an similar name (Maros-Torda County, Romanian: Comitatul Mure?-Turda) was created in 1876. There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mure?-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960-1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.

Geography

The county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the C?limani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing in the county is the Mure? River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mic? River also cross the county.

Mure? County is bordered by seven other counties: Suceava, Harghita, Bra?ov, Sibiu, Alba, Cluj and Bistri?a-N?s?ud.

Neighbours

Demographics

The ethnic map of Mures county in 2002
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2011

In 2011, Mure? had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km².[1][2]

In terms of religion:

Tourism

Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:

Media

TV stations

Channel Name Network Launch date Notes
1 TVR 1 Romanian Public Television 1956 Public channel
2 TVR 2 Romanian Public Television 1968 (hiatus 1985-1990) Public channel
3 Pro TV Târgu-Mure? Pro TV 1997 Affiliated stadion
4 Antena 1 Târgu-Mure? Antena 1 1998 Affiliated stadion
5 Prima TV Târgu-Mure? Prima TV 2008 Affiliated station
26 TTM None 2006 Local news channel
25 ?tii TV None 2008 Local news channel
57 DIGI24 HD Cluj-Napoca RCS&RDS 2013 Regional news channel
63 TVR Târgu-Mure? Romanian Public Television 2008 Regional station
Gliga TV Reghin Gliga CATV 2001 Local news channel in Reghin
DaReghin None 2009 Local news channel in Reghin
Târnava TV None 2008 Local news channel in Sighi?oara and Târn?veni

The only cable provider in Târgu-Mure? is RCS&RDS, in Reghin is Gliga CATV, and in Sighi?oara Teleson .

Radio stations

Târgu-Mure? stations

Frequency Name Launch date Format Notes
FM 102.9 Radio România Târgu-Mure? 1958 Public / news - music Regional station
FM 89.1 PRO FM 1997 Commercial radio PRO FM Bucharest
FM 90.3 Kiss FM 2003 Commercial radio Kiss FM Bucharest
FM 90.7 Europa FM 2002 Commercial radio Europa FM Bucharest
FM 88 Radio GaGa 1994 Eadio GaGa
FM 88.4 Rock FM 1997 Rock FM Bucharest
FM 92.7 Radio 21 2002 Radio 21 Bucharest
FM 93.6 Radio România Actualiti 1928 Radio România Actualiti Bucharest
FM 97.1 Erdély FM 2007 Erdély FM
FM 98 Radio ZU 2008 Radio Zu Bucharest
FM 100.6 Na?ional FM 2004 Na?ional FM Oradea
FM 101.2 Magic FM 2000 Magic FM Bucharest
FM 101.6 Radio InfoPRO 2005 Radio InfoPRO Bucharest
FM 105.6 Radio SON 2007 Radio SON Sighi?oara

Print

Newspapers and magazines

  • Cuvântul Liber
  • Zi de Zi
  • Ziarul de Mure?
  • Népújság
  • Krónika
  • Vásárhelyi Hírlap

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Wood industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Glass and ceramics industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Musical instruments (Reghin).

Mure? County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.

Politics

The Mure? County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 15                              
  National Liberal Party 10                              
  Social Democratic Party 10                              

Administrative divisions

The Cultural Palace built between 1911 and 1913, Târgu Mure?
Sighi?oara
Reghin
Ludu?

Mure? County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes

Historical county

Jude?ul Mure?
County (Jude?)
The Mure? County Prefecture building of the interwar period.
The Mure? County Prefecture building of the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Mure?
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Mures.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Târgu Mure?
Established1925
Area
 o Total4,856 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total289,456
 o Density60/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, Mure?-Turda County was located in the central-northern part of Greater Romania, in the central part of Transylvania. The capital was Târgu Mure?. After the administrative unification law in 1925, it was renamed to Mure? County, and the territory was reorganized. It was bordered on the south by Târnava-Mic? County, on the southwest by Turda County, on the west by Cluj County, on the north by N?s?ud County, on the northeast with the counties of Câmpulung and Neam?, and on the southeast with the counties of Ciuc and Odorhei. Most of the territory of the historical county is found in the present Mure? County, except for the northeastern area, which is located in Harghita County, and the northwestern area in Bistri?a-N?s?ud County today.

History

Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and identical with the Maros-Torda County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Mure? County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon.

In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ?inuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by reziden?i regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Mure? County became part of ?inutul Mure?.

In 1940, the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania, re-establishing the county. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.

Administration

Map of Mure? County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally consisted of seven districts (pli):[4]

  1. Plasa Band, headquartered at Band
  2. Plasa Miercurea Nirajului, headquartered at Miercurea Nirajului
  3. Plasa Râciu, headquartered at Râciu
  4. Plasa Reghin, headquartered at Reghin
  5. Plasa Târgu Mure? (also called Plasa Mure?), headquartered at Târgu Mure?
  6. Plasa Teaca, headquartered at Teaca
  7. Plasa Topli?a, headquartered at Topli?a

A subsequent administrative adjustment added one district, divided Plasa Mure? into two, and divided Plasa Reghin into two, leaving ten districts:

  1. Plasa Band, headquartered at Band
  2. Plasa Gurhiu, headquartered at Gurghiu
  3. Plasa Miercurea Nirajului, headquartered at Miercurea Nirajului
  4. Plasa Mure? de Jos, headquartered at Mure?eni
  5. Plasa Mure? de Sus, headquartered at Târgu Mure?
  6. Plasa Râciu, headquartered at Râciu
  7. Plasa Reghin de Jos, headquartered at Reghin
  8. Plasa Reghin de Sus, headquartered at Suseni
  9. Plasa Teaca, headquartered at Teaca
  10. Plasa Topli?a, headquartered at Topli?a

The county had two urban localities: Târgu Mure? (a city) and Reghin (urban commune).

Population

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 289,546, of which 45.8% were Romanians, 42.6% Hungarians, 3.9% Germans, 3.9% Romanies, 3.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. By mother tongue, the county population consisted of 45.9% Hungarian speakers, 45.5% Romanian speakers, 3.9% German speakers, 2.2% Yiddish speakers, and 2.1% Romany speakers.[5] In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 32.4% Greek Catholic, 30.3% Reformed, 14.5% Eastern Orthodox, 12.1% Roman Catholic, 3.9% Lutheran, 3.6% Jewish, 2.6% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.[6]

Urban population

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 47,807, of which 54.3% were Hungarians, 24.3% Romanians, 13.4% Jews, 6.0% Germans, 1.1% Romanies, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian was spoken by 61.2% of the population, followed by Romanian, spoken by 23.6% of the population as mother tongue, Yiddish (7.4%) and German (6.2%). From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 32.6% Reformed, 20.1% Roman Catholic, 14.2% Greek Catholic, 14.2% Jewish, 10% Eastern Orthodox, 5.9% Lutheran, 2.3% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine ("Population by ethnicity")
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Mure?
  5. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 290-297
  6. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 666-669

External links

Media


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