Much Wenlock (UK Parliament Constituency)
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Much Wenlock UK Parliament Constituency
Much Wenlock
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1290-1885
Replaced byLudlow

Much Wenlock, often called simply Wenlock, was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England until 1707, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and finally of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885, when it was abolished. It was named after the town of that name in Shropshire.

The seat was founded in 1468 as a borough constituency and was represented throughout its history by two burgesses.

Boundaries

Much Wenlock's constituency boundaries ran from Leighton to just west of Dawley, to Ironbridge, and finally to just east of Madeley along the northern border; travelling eastwards, the boundaries ran from just east of Madeley to the bend in the River Severn, following the river thereafter. The far southern border, commencing in the east, travelled along the southern part of the Severn across to Easthope; the western border, running northwards, going from Easthope through to Benthall, and onwards back to Leighton.

Members of Parliament

  • Constituency created (1468)
  • Constituency abolished (1885)

Election results

Elections in the 1840s

Gaskell was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

Elections in the 1850s

Weld-Forester was appointed Comptroller of the Household, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 3 March 1852: Wenlock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Weld-Forester Unopposed
Conservative hold

Gaskell was appointed Comptroller of the Household, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 3 March 1858: Wenlock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Milnes Gaskell Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Wenlock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Weld-Forester Unopposed
Liberal Alexander Brown Unopposed
Registered electors 3,445
Conservative hold
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Wenlock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Weld-Forester 1,708 41.4 N/A
Liberal Alexander Brown 1,575 38.1 N/A
Conservative Charles Milnes Gaskell[5] 846 20.5 N/A
Turnout 3,283 (est) 92.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,541
Majority 133 3.2 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 729 17.7 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Forester succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Forester and causing a by-election.

1874 Wenlock by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cecil Weld-Forester 1,720 55.1 -6.8
Liberal Beilby Lawley 1,401 44.9 +6.8
Majority 319 10.2 +7.0
Turnout 3,121 88.1 -4.6
Registered electors 3,541
Conservative hold Swing -6.8

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Wenlock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Brown 2,058 46.5 +8.4
Conservative Cecil Weld-Forester 1,358 30.7 −10.7
Conservative Ralph Augustus Benson[6] 1,013 22.9 +2.4
Majority 700 15.8 −1.9
Turnout 3,244 (est) 93.2 (est) +0.5
Registered electors 3,481
Liberal hold Swing +1.5
Conservative hold Swing −7.5

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Much Wenlock (1559-1603)". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 22-24. Retrieved 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1 ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 324-325. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  5. ^ "To the Electors of Wenlock". Eddowes's Journal, and General Advertiser for Shropshire, and the Principality of Wales. 28 January 1874. p. 4. Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "Wenlock". Dudley Herald. 3 April 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.

See also


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