Mstislavl
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Mstislavl
Mstsislaw


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The trading arcade, 19th century
The trading arcade, 19th century
Coat of arms of Mstsislaw
Coat of arms
Mstsislaw is located in Belarus
Mstsislaw
Mstsislaw
Location of Mstsislaw, shown within the Mahilyow Voblast
Coordinates: 54°1?N 31°43?E / 54.017°N 31.717°E / 54.017; 31.717
Country Belarus
RegionMogilev Region
DistrictsMstsislaw District
First mention1156
Population
(2009)
 o Total10,804
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
License plate6

Mstislaw or Mstislavl (Belarusian: , Mscis?a? [pronounced [ms?t?s?i's?au?] ], Russian: ? [|ms?t'slavl?],[1][2]Polish: M?cis?aw, Lithuanian: Mstislavlis) is a town in Mogilev Region, Eastern Belarus. It serves as the administrative center of Mstsislaw District. As of 2009, its population was 10,804.[3]

History

Mstislavl was first mentioned in the Ipatiev Chronicle under 1156. It was initially included within the Principality of Smolensk, but had become the capital of the Principality of Mstislavl by 1180. In the Middle Ages, it was the family seat of Princes Mstislavsky. Pyotr Mstislavets is believed to have been born in Mstislavl.

In 1377 it was taken by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The first Lithuanian duke of Mstislavl was Karigaila, brother of Jogaila. The town remained part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the M?cis?aw Voivodship until the Partitions of Poland in 1772. Now it is a center of the district.

The buildings of historic interest include the Carmelite church (1637, renovated 1746-50) and the Jesuit cathedral (1640, renovated 1730-38, turned into an Orthodox cathedral in 1842).

In 1939, there were 2,067 Jews living in Mstislavl which represented almost 20% of the local population. The German army occupied the town in July 1941. In early October, they killed 30 elderly Jews. On October 15, 1941, together with the local police, they murdered from 850 to 1.300 Jews.[4]

It is the birthplace of Jewish historian and writer Simon Dubnow, Jewish statesman and Communist politician Yakov Chubin, and expressionist artist Abraham A. Manievich, among others.

References

  1. ^ "Official website of the district" (in Russian). Mstsislaw District. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Website of Mogilyov Region administration" (in Russian). Mogilyov Obl;ast Administration. 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ ? (PDF) (in Russian). ? ? . Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "YAHAD - IN UNUM". www.yahadmap.org. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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