Mount %C5%8Cyama (Kanagawa)
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Mount %C5%8Cyama Kanagawa
Mount ?yama
Mt.Oyama from Shibusawa Hill Range 01.jpg
View from the South
Highest point
Elevation1,252 m (4,108 ft)
Prominence491 m (1,611 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingList of mountains and hills of Japan by height
Coordinates35°26?27?N 139°13?52?E / 35.44083°N 139.23111°E / 35.44083; 139.23111
Naming
English translationbig mountain
rain mountain
guardian of the land mountain
Language of nameJapanese
Pronunciation[o:jama]
[aijama]
[kimijama]
Geography
LocationKanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Tanzawa Mountains
Topo mapGeographical Survey Institute 25000:1
50000:1
Geology
Age of rockMiddle Miocene-Late Miocene[1]
Mountain typeVolcanic[1]
Volcanic arc/beltIzu-Bonin-Mariana Arc[2]
Climbing
Hike

Mount ?yama (, ?-yama), also Mount Afuri (? or ?, Afuri-yama) or Mount Kunimi (Kunimi-yama), is a 1,252-metre-high (4,108 ft) mountain situated on the border of Isehara, Hadano and Atsugi in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Together with Mount Tanzawa and other mountains in the Tanzawa Mountains it forms the Tanzawa-?yama Quasi-National Park. Mount ?yama is a popular sightseeing spot in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Geology

Relief Map of Mount ?yama (Center)

The mountain is made from non-alkali mafic rock. The rock is 7-15 million years old.[1] The rock was extruded on the sea floor during the Neogene and then pushed up and onto the island of Honshu when the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc collided with the rest of Japan.[2]

Holy mountain

Mount ?yama has long been regarded as a holy mountain and object of worship.[3] Religiously motivated mountain climbing has been practiced since the H?reki era (1751-1764) and the various paths leading there were called ?yama Kaid? (?, ?yama Kaid?). Today this name survives as the pseudonym of Route 246.

At the top of the mountain is the head office of the ?yama-Afuri Shrine (?, ?-yama-afuri Jinja). Lower down the mountain is the lower shrine and the ?yama-dera (). Afuri refers to the high amount of rain and clouds associated with the mountain.[3] Farmers pray at ?yama-Afuri Shrine to the rain god.

The mountain is also known as the Guardian of the Land (Kunimi-yama).[3]

Sightseeing

A bus connects Isehara Station on the Odakyu Odawara Line with the cable car station at the foot of the mountain. A narrow road runs directly between the town areas and the cable car station. The cable car starts from next to ?yama-dera and climbs to the top station. The top station is not far from the lower Afuri Shrine. Hiking from there it takes about 1.5 hours to climb to the top of the mountain.

Tofu and spinning tops are well-known local products. The ?yama Tofu Festival takes place every March. The ?yama mountain climbing Marathon also takes place in March between Isehara Station and the lower shrine. The course is over 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) long and includes an altitude difference of over 650 metres (2,130 ft). Possible access points for an ascent are the cable car terminus, the temple Hinatayakushi (?, hinatayakushi) in Isehara, Minoge (, minoge) and the Yabitsu ridge (?, yabitsu-t?ge) in Hadano.

Photo gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Southern Kanto". Seamless digital geological map of Japan. Geological Survey of Japan, AIST. May 12, 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b NISHIWAKI, Hirotoshi (2009). "Central Honshu". Introduction to Landforms and Geology of Japan. Archived from the original on 2010-11-04. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c Hunt, Paul (1988). "The Guardian Peaks of the Kanto Plain: Tanzawa ". Hiking in Japan: An Adventurer's Guide to the Mountain Trails (First ed.). Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha International Ltd. pp. 129-133. ISBN 0-87011-893-5.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Mount_%C5%8Cyama_(Kanagawa)
 



 



 
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