Mother Russia
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Mother Russia

The personification of Russia is traditionally feminine and most commonly maternal since medieval times.[1]

A cover of Sentry [ru] magazine, approx. 1932, depicting Russia as a woman in a traditional costume liberated by a warrior in medieval armor with a shield depicting the Tsarist flag, trampling the Bolshevik flag.

Most common terms for national personification of Russia are:

  • Mother Russia (Russian: ? , tr. Matushka Rossiya, "Mother Russia"; also, -?, tr. Rossiya-matushka, "Russian Mother", ?-, tr. Mat'-Rossiya, ? ?, tr. Matushka Rus' , "Mother Rus' "),
  • Mother Motherland (Russian: -?, tr. Rodina-mat' ).

In the Russian language, the concept of motherland is rendered by two terms: "" (tr. rodina), literally, "place of birth" and "?" (tr. otchizna), literally "fatherland".

Harald Haarmann and Orlando Figes see the goddess Mokosh a source of the "Mother Russia" concept.[2][3]


1914 Russian poster depicting the Triple Entente - Britannia (right) and Marianne (left) in the company of Mother Russia.

During the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War, the image was in the propaganda of the supporters of the White movement, which interpreted the struggle against the Bolsheviks as a battle with "aliens" who were "oppressors of Mother Russia".[]


During the Soviet era, many statues of Mother Motherland were built, most to commemorate the Great Patriotic War. These include:

See also


  1. ^ ?. ?. (1999). ? ? (XI--XX ?). ?. pp. 35-46.
  2. ^ Harald Haarmann, The soul of Mother Russia: Russian Symbols and Pre-Russian Cultural Identity, ReVision Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine, June 22, 2000 (retrieved May 2, 2016)
  3. ^ Figes, Orlando (2002). Natasha's Dance: a cultural history of Russia. New York: Metropolitan Books. p. 321. ISBN 9780805057836. [...] the goddess known as Mokosh, from whom the myth of 'Mother Russia' was conceived.
  4. ^ . ? -- ." , ? " -- ? -- ? ? ? ? ? ? ?. , , ? . ?, ? ? ? ? ? ? ?. ? ? ?
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading

  • Ellen Rutten, Unattainable Bride Russia: Gendering Nation, State, and Intelligentsia in Russian Intellectual Culture, 2010, ISBN 0810126567. The book discusses personifications of Russia as a bride in 20th century Russian literature and art.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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