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Morning Heroes is a choral symphony by the EnglishcomposerArthur Bliss. The work received its first performance at the Norwich Festival on 22 October 1930, with Basil Maine as the speaker/orator. Written in the aftermath of World War I, in which Bliss had performed military service, Bliss inscribed the dedication as follows:
"To the Memory of my brother Francis Kennard Bliss and all other Comrades killed in battle"
The extracts are spoken by a narrator and sung by a large choir. Juxtaposing the harsh images of trench warfare with the epic heroes of Ancient Greece, the parallels Bliss draws are essentially romantic, and the work as a whole has been criticised as being rather complacent. Bliss himself said that he suffered from a repeating nightmare about his war experiences and that the composition of Morning Heroes helped to exorcise this.
The work falls into five sections, in the structure of a palindrome, with the first movement acting as a prologue, then fast, slow, and fast movements, and the final movement acting as an epilogue. The work includes the respective texts.:
I: "Hector's Farewell to Andromache"
II: "The City Arming"
III: "Vigil" - "The Bivouac's Flame"
IV: "Achilles goes to battle" - "The Heroes"
V: "Now, Trumpeter, For Thy Close" - "Spring Offensive" - "Dawn on the Somme"
^ abBurn, Andrew (October 1985). "'Now, Trumpeter for Thy Close': The Symphony Morning Heroes: Bliss's Requiem for His Brother". The Musical Times. The Musical Times, Vol. 126, No. 1713. 126 (1713): 666-668. doi:10.2307/965037. JSTOR965037.
^Palmer, Christopher (August 1971). "Aspects of Bliss". The Musical Times. The Musical Times, Vol. 112, No. 1542. 112 (1542): 743-745. doi:10.2307/954592. JSTOR954592.
^A studio recording made in commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the composer's death. See the BBC Radio Classics 15656 9199-2 CD booklet note by John Mayhew, page 3: "This recording was made more than ten years after the commercial record made in Liverpool by Sir Charles Groves, at a BBC Invitation Concert in Studio One at Maida Vale in March 1985."