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Møre og Romsdal
Dalsnibba; Blick auf Geiranger 2 Norwegen.JPG
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Coordinates: 62°30?00?N 07°10?00?E / 62.50000°N 7.16667°E / 62.50000; 7.16667Coordinates: 62°30?00?N 07°10?00?E / 62.50000°N 7.16667°E / 62.50000; 7.16667
CountyMøre og Romsdal
RegionVestlandet and Central Norway
County IDNO-15
Administrative centreMolde
 o GovernorRigmor Brøste (acting)
 o County mayorJon Aasen
  Labour Party
 o Total14,355.62 km2 (5,542.74 sq mi)
 o Land13,958.40 km2 (5,389.37 sq mi)
 o Water510.94 km2 (197.28 sq mi)
Area rank#9 in Norway, 4.59% of Norway's land area
(30 September 2019)[2]
 o Total265,540
 o Rank#8 (5% of country)
 o Density18/km2 (48/sq mi)
 o Change (10 years)
Demonym(s)Møringer or Romsdalinger
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Official language formNynorsk[3]
Income (per capita)139,200 NOK
GDP (per capita)243,412 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank6 (3.89% of country)
Data from Statistics Norway

[4]Møre og Romsdal Urban East Norwegian: ['mø?:r? ? 'rmsd?:l] (English: Møre and Romsdal) is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway. It borders the counties of Trøndelag, Innlandet, and Vestland. The county administration is located in the town of Molde, while Ålesund is the largest town. The county is governed by the Møre og Romsdal County Municipality which includes an elected county council and a county mayor. The national government is represented by the county governor (currently the acting governor is Rigmor Brøste).


Map of the three districts in the county. Green is Sunnmøre, purple is Romsdal, and blue is Nordmøre.

The name Møre og Romsdal was created in 1936. The first element refers to the districts of Nordmøre and Sunnmøre, and the last element refers to Romsdal. Until 1919, the county was called "Romsdalens amt", and from 1919-1935 "Møre fylke".

For hundreds of years (1660-1919), the region was called Romsdalen amt, after the Romsdalen valley in the present-day Rauma Municipality. The Old Norse form of the name was Raumsdalr. The first element is the genitive case of a name Raumr derived from the name of the river Rauma, i.e. "The Dale of Rauma". Raumr may refer to stream or current,[5] or to booming or thundering waterfalls like Sletta waterfall.[6] The name may also refer to Raum the Old, one of the sons of Nór, the eponymous Saga King of Norway.[][disputed ] Since the majority of the residents of the county lived in the Sunnmøre region, there was some controversy over the name. In 1919, many of the old county names were changed and this county was renamed Møre fylke.

The name Møre was chosen to represent the region where the majority of the county residents lived. That name is dative of Old Norse: Mærr and it is probably derived from the word marr referring to something wet like bog (common along the outer coast) or the sea itself. The name is interpreted as "coastland" or "bogland". Møre was originally the name of the coastal area from Stad and north including most of Fosen.[7] (There is also a coastal district in Sweden that has the same name: Möre.) The change in name from Romsdalen to Møre was controversial and it did not sit well with the residents of the Romsdal region. Finally in 1936, the name was changed again to a compromise name: Møre og Romsdal (English: Møre and Romsdal).

The ambiguous designation møring—"person from Møre"—is used strictly about people from Nordmøre (and less frequently for people from Sunnmøre), excluding the people from Romsdal (while, consequently, romsdaling—"person from Romsdal"— is used about the latter).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 15 March 1978. It shows three gold-colored Viking ships on a blue background. Shipping and shipbuilding were historically very important to the region, so boats were chosen as the symbol on the arms. The masts on the Viking ships form crosses, which symbolize the strong Christian and religious beliefs as well as the strong religious organisations in the county. There are three boats to represent the three districts of the county: Sunnmøre, Romsdal and Nordmøre.[8]


Traditionally, the county has been divided into three districts. From north to south, these are Nordmøre, Romsdal, and Sunnmøre. Although the districts do not have separate governments and despite modern road, sea and air connections throughout the county, the three districts still have their own identities in many ways. Historically speaking, connections have been stronger between Nordmøre and Sør-Trøndelag to the north, Romsdal and Oppland to the east, and Sunnmøre and Sogn og Fjordane to the south, than internally. Differences in dialects between the three districts bear clear evidence of this. Due to geographical features, the county has many populated islands and is intersected by several deep fjords. Due to its difficult terrain, Møre og Romsdal has been very dependent on boat traffic, and its main car ferry company, MRF, has existed since 1921.


Møre og Romsdal has six settlements with town status. The largest three (Ålesund, Kristiansund, and Molde) were towns long before 1993 when municipalities were given the legal authority to grant town status rather than just the King (and government). This change in law led to an increase in the number of towns (Fosnavåg, Åndalsnes, and Ulsteinvik were all added after this time). The county contains many other urban settlements (as defined by Statistics Norway) without town status, every municipality except for Halsa and Smøla contain at least one. As of 1 January 2018, there were 192,331 people (about 72 percent of the population) living in densely populated areas in the county while only 73,946 people lived in sparsely populated areas.[9] The population density is highest near the coast, with all of the county's towns located on saltwater.

The largest town in the county is Ålesund, with a population of 52,626 in the agglomeration which it forms together with parts of Sula.

Rank Town/Urban Area Municipality Region Population (2018)[10]
1 Ålesund Ålesund, Sula Sunnmøre 52,626
2 Molde Molde Romsdal 20,957
3 Kristiansund Kristiansund Nordmøre 18,292
4 Ørsta Ørsta Sunnmøre 7,308
5 Volda Volda Sunnmøre 6,433
6 Ulsteinvik Ulstein Sunnmøre 5,788
7 Aure Sykkylven Sunnmøre 4,330
8 Nordstrand Giske Sunnmøre 4,134
9 Sunndalsøra Sunndal Nordmøre 4,054
10 Fosnavåg Herøy Sunnmøre 3,621


Møre og Romsdal has a total of 26 municipalities.[11][12]

No. Municipality No. Name Created Former Municipality No.
1 1505 Kristiansund 2008 (1.1.) 1503 Kristiansund
1556 Frei
2 1506 Molde January 1, 2020 1502 Molde
1543 Nesset
1545 Midsund
3 1507 Ålesund January 1, 2020 1504 Ålesund
1523 Ørskog
1529 Skodje
1534 Haram
1546 Sandøy
4 1511 Vanylven 1838 (1.1.)
5 1514 Sande 1867 (1.1.) 1515 Herø
6 1515 Herøy 1838 (1.1.)
7 1516 Ulstein 1838 (1.1.)
8 1517 Hareid 1917 (1.1.) 1516 Ulstein
9 1520 Ørsta 1883 (1.8.) 1519 Volden
10 1525 Stranda 1838 (1.1.)
11 1528 Sykkylven 1883 (1.8.) 1527 Ørskog
12 1531 Sula 1977 (1.1.) 1501 Ålesund
13 1532 Giske 1908 (1.1.) 1531 Borgund
14 1535 Vestnes 1838 (1.1.)
15 1539 Rauma 1964 (1.1.) 1537 Voll
1538 Eid
1539 Grytten
1540 Hen
1541 Veøy
16 1547 Aukra 1924 (1.1.) 1545 Aukra
17 1554 Averøy 1964 (1.1.) 1552 Kornstad
1553 Kvernes
1554 Bremsnes
18 1557 Gjemnes 1893 (1.9.) 1553 Kvernes
1556 Frei
1558 Øre
19 1560 Tingvoll 1838 (1.1.)
20 1563 Sunndal 1838 (1.1.)
21 1566 Surnadal 1838 (1.1.)
22 1573 Smøla 1960 (1.1.) 1573 Edøy
1574 Brattvær
1575 Hopen
23 1576 Aure 2006 (1.1.) 1569 Aure
1572 Tustna
24 1577 Volda January 1, 2020 1444 Hornindal
1519 Volda
25 1578 Fjord January 1, 2020 1524 Norddal
1526 Stordal
26 1579 Hustadvika January 1, 2020 1548 Fræna
1551 Eide
Religion in Møre og Romsdal[13][14]
religion percent


Møre og Romsdal is served by nine airports, of which only the four airports located near the four largest centres have regular domestic flights. The largest airport in the county is Ålesund Airport, Vigra, which offers the only scheduled international routes from any airport in Møre og Romsdal. Ålesund Airport had 732,614 passengers in 2006. Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget had 364,350 passengers in 2007, while Molde Airport, Årø had 401,292, down from 444,677 in 2006. Ørsta-Volda Airport, Hovden had 49,842 passengers in 2006. None of the airports in Møre og Romsdal offer regular flights to each other.[15]

In 2007, Møre og Romsdal had 6,339 kilometres (3,939 mi) of public roads, an increase of 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) since the previous year, as well as 4,258 kilometres (2,646 mi) of private roads, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) more than in 2006.[16]

There is one railway, the Rauma Line, which starts at Åndalsnes and connects to the main railway network of Norway. Public buses are operated by the county, using the brand name Fram.


The county (with its current borders) was established in 1671 - but after just four years (in 1675) it was divided into two amts (counties): Romsdal (which included Nordmøre) and Sunnmøre (which included Nordfjord). In 1680 (only 5 years later), Sunnmøre (including Nordfjord) was merged into Bergenhus amt. Then in 1689 (another 9 years later), the three regions of Romsdal, Sunnmøre and Nordmøre were again merged into one amt/county: Romsdalen. Then in 1701 (another 11 years later) Romsdalen amt was split and divided between Trondhjems amt (which got Romsdal and Nordmøre) and Bergenhus amt (which got Sunnmøre). In 1704 (a mere 4 years later), the three regions of Romsdal, Sunnmøre and Nordmøre were again merged into one county. The borders of the county have not been changed much since 1704. The annex parish of Vinje within the larger Hemne parish was transferred from Romsdalens amt to Søndre Trondhjems amt in 1838 (according to the 1838 Formannskapsdistrikt law, a parish could no longer be divided between two counties, so Vinje had to be in the same county as the rest of the parish). On 1 January 2019, the municipality of Rindal was transferred from Møre og Romsdal county to the neighboring Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Halsa will become part of the new municipality of Heim in Trøndelag county.

Edøy Church

In 2019, archaeologists from the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research, using large-scale high-resolution georadar technology, determined that a 17 meter long Viking ship was buried on the island of Edøya near Edøy Church. They estimate the ship's age as over 1,000 years: from the Merovingian or Viking period; the group planned to conduct additional searches in the area. A similar burial was found previously by a NIKU team in 2018, in Gjellestad.[18]



Former Municipalities

See also


  1. ^ "Area of land and fresh water". Statistics Norway. 2019. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Befolkning i fylka og endring over tid" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Møre og Romsdal".
  4. ^ "Arealstatistikk for Norge". Kartverket (in Norwegian Bokmål). 2013-03-08. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Norske stedsnavn/stadnamn. Oslo: Grøndahl. 1975. p. 72. ISBN 8250401042.
  6. ^ Norsk allkunnebok. Oslo: Fonna. 1959.
  7. ^ Norske stedsnavn/stadnamn. Oslo: Grøndahl. 1975. p. 71. ISBN 8250401042.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Population in densely and sparsely populated areas. County. 1. January" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2018. Retrieved .
  10. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  11. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  12. ^ PDF attachment to letter sent to the municipalities on October 27, 2017 from det Kongelige Kommunal og Moderniserings Department referencing Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 1. januar 2020 (Norwegian)
  13. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at
  14. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  15. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2008-03-11. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Statistikkbanken" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  17. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  18. ^ "Ancient Viking ship discovered buried next to church using breakthrough georadar technology". The Independent. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 2019. This will certainly be of great historical significance, archaeologists say

External links

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