Mononobe
Get Mononobe essential facts below. View Videos or join the Mononobe discussion. Add Mononobe to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Mononobe
Mononobe clan
Parent houseImperial House of Japan
TitlesVarious
FounderMononobe no Toochone
Final rulerMononobe no Moriya
Dissolution587
Ruled until587, Battle at Mount Shigi
Cadet branchesIsonokami clan

The Mononobe clan (, Mononobe uji) was a Japanese clan of the Kofun period, known for its military opposition to the Soga clan. The Mononobe were opposed to the spread of Buddhism, partly on religious grounds, claiming that the local deities would be offended by the worshiping of foreign deities, but also as the result of feelings of conservatism and a degree of xenophobia. The Nakatomi clan, ancestors of the Fujiwara, were also Shinto ritualists allied with the Mononobe in opposition to Buddhism.

The Mononobe, like many other major families of the time, were something of a corporation or guild in addition to being a proper family by blood-relation. While the only members of the clan to appear in any significant way in the historical record were statesmen, the clan as a whole was known as the Corporation of Arms or Armorers.

History

The Mononobe were said to have been descended from Nigihayahi no Mikoto, (?), a legendary figure who is said to have ruled Yamato before the conquest of Emperor Jimmu. His descendant Mononobe no Toochine (), known as the founder of the clan, was given Isonokami Shrine by the younger sister of Prince Inishiki (the eldest son of Emperor Suinin). He then began using the name Mononobe.

In the 6th century, a number of violent clashes erupted between the Mononobe and the Soga clan. According to the Nihon Shoki, one particularly important conflict occurred after the Emperor Y?mei died after a very short reign. Mononobe no Moriya, the head of the clan, supported one prince to succeed Y?mei, while Soga no Umako chose another. The conflict came to a head in a battle at Kisuri (present-day Osaka) in the year 587, where the Mononobe clan were defeated and crushed at the Battle of Shigisan. Following Moriya's death, Buddhism saw a further spread in Japan.[notes 1]

In 686, the Mononobe reformed as the Isonokami clan, named thus due to their close ties with Isonokami Shrine, a Shinto shrine which doubled as an imperial armory.

Family Tree

Nigihayahi-no-mikoto (?), legendary figure who is said to have ruled Yamato before the conquest of Emperor Jimmu.
  ?
Umashimaji-no-mikoto ()
  ?
(5 generations missing)
  ?
Mononobe no Toochine (), known as the founder of the clan.
  ?
Mononobe no Ikui (?)
  ?
Ikoto ()
  ?
Ikofutsu ()                                                        Mukiri ()                          Iwamochi ()
                                                   ?
Me (?)           Futsukuru (?)        Makura ()                     Oomae ()  Omae ()             Ushiro ()
  ?
Arayama ()
  ?
Okoshi ()
  
Mikari ()                  Moriya ()                     Nieko (), his daughter married Soga no Umako
  ?
Me (?)
  ?
Umaro ()
  ?
Isonokami no Maro (?), changed his surname and founded the Isonokami clan ()


Descendants of Mononobe no Futsukuru (), see above tree.

Futsukuru (?)
  ?
Itabi ()                              Ogoto ()
  ?
Masara ()                 Yakahime (), consort of Emperor Ankan
  ?
Arakabi ()
  ?
Iwayumi ()                           Kagehime ()

Notes

  1. ^ Read more in the article on Mononobe no Moriya for recent findings on a possible sponsorship for Buddhism by the Mononobe.

References

  • Sansom, George (1958). A History of Japan to 1334. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

See also



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Mononobe
 



 



 
Music Scenes