Mongols in China
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Mongols in China
Sino-Mongols
Mongol Autonomous Subjects in the PRC.png
This map shows the Mongol autonomous subjects in the People's Republic of China
Total population
5,981,840[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
Inner Mongolia · Qinghai · Xinjiang
Languages
Mongolian · Oirat · Buryat
Religion
Mongolian shamanism · Tibetan Buddhism · Islam
Related ethnic groups
Buryats · Oirats
China linguistic map.jpg
Mongol ambassadors to the Chinese court. Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Sino-Mongols, are citizens of the People's Republic of China who are ethnic Mongols (Chinese: ; pinyin: M?ngg?zú; lit.: 'Mongol ethnicity'). They form one of the 55 ethnic minorities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. There are approximately 5.8 million people classified as ethnic Mongols living in China. Most of them live in Inner Mongolia, Northeast China, Xinjiang, etc. The Mongol population in China is nearly twice as much as that of the sovereign state of Mongolia.

Regional distribution

The Mongols in China are divided between autonomous regions and provinces as follows:

Besides the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, there are other Mongol autonomous administrative subdivisions in China.

On prefecture level:

On county level:

Classification

Photo by Yvette Borup Andrews in 1920

China classifies different Mongolian groups like Buryats and Oirats into the same single category as Mongol along with Inner Mongols. A non-Mongolic ethnic group, the Tuvans are also classified as Mongols by China.[3] The official language used for all of these Mongols in China is a literary standard based on the Chahar dialect of Mongol.[4]

Some populations officially classified as Mongols by the government of the People's Republic of China do not currently speak any form of Mongolic language. Such populations include the Sichuan Mongols (most of whom speak a form of Naic language), the Yunnan Mongols (most of whom speak a form of Loloish language), and the Mongols of Henan Mongol Autonomous County in Qinghai (most of whom speak Amdo Tibetan and/or Chinese).

Related groups

Not all groups of people related to the medieval Mongols are officially classified as Mongols under the current system. Other official ethnic groups in China which speak Mongolic languages include:

Notable people

Gallery

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ [http://www.lupm.org/mn/pages/101026mn.htm y (Mongolian): Millions of Han Chinese of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region registered as "Mongol" and "Manchu" according to Chinese policy since the 1980s. There is no enough information about Chinese ethnic minorities due to the government policy.
  2. ^ ? (Mongolian)
  3. ^ Mongush, M. V. "Tuvans of Mongolia and China." International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1 (1996), 225-243. Talat Tekin, ed. Seoul: Inst. of Asian Culture & Development.
  4. ^ "Öbür mong?ul ayal?u bol dumdadu ulus-un mong?ul kelen-ü sa?uri ayal?u bolqu büged dumdadu ulus-un mong?ul kelen-ü barim?iy-a abiy-a ni ?aqar aman ayal?un-du sa?urila?san bayida?." (Se?enba?atur et al. 2005: 85).

Sources

  • Mongush, M.V. (1996). "Tuvans of Mongolia and China". International Journal of Central Asian Studies. 1: 225-243.
  • (in Mongolian) Se?enba?atur, Qasgerel, Tuya?-a [a], Bu. Jirannige, Wu Yingzhe, ?inggeltei. 2005. Mong?ul kelen-ü nutu?-un ayal?un-u sin?ilel-ün uduridqal [A guide to the regional dialects of Mongolian]. Kökeqota: ÖMAKQ. ISBN 7-204-07621-4.

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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